COMPARATIVE     AND   SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
ComparativesComparatives are used to show the differencebetween two objects. Let’s say that I have two cars. I have a litt...
•   Rule 1. If an adjective has 1    syllable we add the ending –er to    the adjective.     – i.e. small + er = smaller t...
•   Rule 2. If a one syllable adjective    ends with a consonant + a vowel    + a consonant you must double    the last co...
•   Rule 3. If an adjective ends with    a “y”, remove the “y” and add –    ier.    i.e. happy –y + ier = happier than    ...
•    Rule 4. If an adjective has two     syllables or more without a “y”     then add the word “more” before     the word....
•Rule 5. There are a few exceptions.      good = better than      bad = worse than      far = farther than
•Remember, when using a comparative you must always follow it withthe word “than”.        The Toyota is smaller than the F...
Superlatives       Superlatives are used to show thedifference between more than two objects.  Let’s say that I have three...
• Rule 1. If an adjective has 1  syllable we add the ending –est  to the adjective.   i.e. small + est = the smallest   i....
•   Rule 2. If a one syllable adjective    ends with a consonant + a vowel    + a consonant you must double    the last co...
•   Rule 3. If an adjective ends with    a “y”, remove the “y” and add –    iest.    i.e. happy –y + iest = the happiest  ...
• Rule 4. If an adjective has two  syllables or more without a “y”  then add the word “most” before  the word. If the adje...
• Rule 5. There are a few exceptions.      good = the best      bad = the worst      far = the farthest
• Remember, when using a superlative you must always precede it with the  word “the”.        The Toyota is the smallest.  ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unit 3 comparative & superlatives adjectives

10,049 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,049
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8,182
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 3 comparative & superlatives adjectives

  1. 1. COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
  2. 2. ComparativesComparatives are used to show the differencebetween two objects. Let’s say that I have two cars. I have a little Toyota and a big Ford. A comparative is used to show the difference between the two. The Ford is big so we can say “the Ford is bigger than the Toyota”.Because the Toyota is small, we can say “The Toyota is smaller than the Ford”. To learn to use these we need to learn five basic rules.
  3. 3. • Rule 1. If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending –er to the adjective. – i.e. small + er = smaller than – i.e. hard + er = harder than The ant is smaller than the hippo.
  4. 4. • Rule 2. If a one syllable adjective ends with a consonant + a vowel + a consonant you must double the last consonant and then ad – er. i.e. big + er = bigger than i.e. fat + er = fatter than The elephant is fatter than the giraffe.
  5. 5. • Rule 3. If an adjective ends with a “y”, remove the “y” and add – ier. i.e. happy –y + ier = happier than i.e. funny –y + ier = funnier than The girl is happier than the duck.
  6. 6. • Rule 4. If an adjective has two syllables or more without a “y” then add the word “more” before the word. If the adjective ends with a “y”, you will only add the word “more” if it has three syllables or more. i.e. beautiful + more = more beautiful than i.e. expensive + more = more The butterfly is expensive than i.e. satisfactory + more = more more beautiful than satisfactory than the frog.
  7. 7. •Rule 5. There are a few exceptions. good = better than bad = worse than far = farther than
  8. 8. •Remember, when using a comparative you must always follow it withthe word “than”. The Toyota is smaller than the Ford. The Ford is bigger than the Toyota. The ant is smaller than the hippo. The elephant is fatter than the giraffe. The girl is happier than the duck. The butterfly is more beautiful than the frog.
  9. 9. Superlatives Superlatives are used to show thedifference between more than two objects. Let’s say that I have three cars. I have alittle Toyota, a medium size Jeep and a big Ford. A superlative is used to show the differences that exist in the group. The Ford is big so we can say “the Ford is the biggest”. Because the Toyota is small, we can say “The Toyota is the smallest”. To learn to use these we need to learn five basic rules.
  10. 10. • Rule 1. If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending –est to the adjective. i.e. small + est = the smallest i.e. hard + est = the hardest The ant is the smallest.
  11. 11. • Rule 2. If a one syllable adjective ends with a consonant + a vowel + a consonant you must double the last consonant and ad –est. i.e. big + est = the biggest i.e. fat + est = the fattest The hippo is the fattest.
  12. 12. • Rule 3. If an adjective ends with a “y”, remove the “y” and add – iest. i.e. happy –y + iest = the happiest i.e. funny –y + iest = the funniest The elephant is the heaviest.
  13. 13. • Rule 4. If an adjective has two syllables or more without a “y” then add the word “most” before the word. If the adjective ends with a “y”, you will only add the word “most” if it has three syllables or more. i.e. beautiful + most = the most beautiful i.e. expensive + most = the most expensive i.e. satisfactory + most = the most satisfactory The airplane is the most expensive.
  14. 14. • Rule 5. There are a few exceptions. good = the best bad = the worst far = the farthest
  15. 15. • Remember, when using a superlative you must always precede it with the word “the”. The Toyota is the smallest. The Ford is the biggest. Brad Pitt is the most handsome. The airplane is the most expensive. Jim Carrey is the funniest.

×