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Stress Management


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Published in: Health & Medicine

Stress Management

  1. 1. Stress Management Satyajeet Singh
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>What is stress </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Stress </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Stress is part of our everyday life. </li></ul><ul><li>Living in a fast-paced, technological society with innumerable demands upon our time, the majority of people can state: “I am stressed out.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is stress? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where does stress come from? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can I tell when I am under stress? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are some of the ways stress affects my body, my mind, or my mood? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can I better manage the stress in my life? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is Stress <ul><li>In his book Stress Without Distress , Hans Selye defines stress as: “… one’s reaction to life events … the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it …” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our response to any situation we find challenging, frightening, or difficult” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stress <ul><li>• Everyday fact of life </li></ul><ul><li>• Stress can be good </li></ul><ul><li>• Excessive stress can be harmful </li></ul>
  6. 6. Typical Relationship Between Performance and Stress Low High Level of Performance Low (poor) High (excellent) Too Little Stress Optimum Stress Excessive Stress Stress
  7. 8. Positive Stress Results <ul><li>• Enables concentration </li></ul><ul><li>• Increases performance </li></ul><ul><li>• Energizes you into motion </li></ul>
  8. 9. Negative Stress Results <ul><li>• Loss of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>• Reduces effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>• Physical, mental, and behavioural problems </li></ul>
  9. 10. What Stresses You Out? <ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Health/Medical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Free time </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>family & friends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job related stress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>work load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>overcrowding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of on the job training </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Stress Signs
  11. 12. Physical Stress Signs <ul><li>Increased heart rate/ Increased blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles tightening </li></ul><ul><li>Cold clammy hands </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeplessness </li></ul><ul><li>Longer recovery from injury </li></ul><ul><li>Stomach or bowel upset </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Backaches </li></ul><ul><li>Change in eating habits: lost of appetite/overeating </li></ul><ul><li>Restlessness/irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Increased illness </li></ul>
  12. 13. Mental Stress Signs <ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Apathy/ lack of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Increased anger </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive fear </li></ul><ul><li>Worry </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased self-confidence </li></ul>
  13. 14. Behavioural Signs of Stress <ul><li>Hostility </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Under/over eating </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased ability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Memory problems /forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent use of cigarettes or alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Clumsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from usual activities </li></ul><ul><li>Poor performance, </li></ul><ul><li>Absenteeism, </li></ul><ul><li>High accident rates </li></ul><ul><li>Making more mistakes </li></ul>
  14. 15. Impact of Stress
  15. 16. Impact on health of an individual <ul><li>Back pain </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Stomachaches </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcers </li></ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Attack or Stroke </li></ul>
  16. 17. Impact on the health of an organization <ul><li>Increased health insurance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Lost work days </li></ul><ul><li>Stress-related workers’ compensation claims </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Productivity </li></ul>Over 75% of industrial accidents are rooted in stress
  17. 18. How to Manage Stress
  18. 19. Mental Techniques <ul><li>• Time management </li></ul><ul><li>• Organize </li></ul><ul><li>• Problem solving attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Think Positive </li></ul>
  19. 20. Diversions <ul><li>• Music </li></ul><ul><li>• Hobbies </li></ul><ul><li>• Play </li></ul><ul><li>• Learning </li></ul><ul><li>• Vacation </li></ul>
  20. 21. Physical Techniques <ul><li>• Body Scan – “relax-let go” </li></ul><ul><li>• Deep breathing </li></ul><ul><li>• Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>• Meditation </li></ul><ul><li>• Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>• Rest </li></ul><ul><li>• Laughter </li></ul>
  21. 22. Workplace Skills <ul><li>• Delegate </li></ul><ul><li>• Anticipate problems </li></ul><ul><li>• Be assertive </li></ul><ul><li>• Be decisive </li></ul><ul><li>• Organize </li></ul><ul><li>• Balance work and personal time </li></ul>
  22. 23. Organizational Stress Management Initiatives
  23. 24. Organisational Initiatives <ul><li>Improvements in the physical work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in Job design </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in workloads and deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in work schedules, </li></ul><ul><li>More flexible hours </li></ul><ul><li>Increased employee participation </li></ul>
  24. 25. Organisational Initiatives <ul><li>Team building </li></ul><ul><li>Time management workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Job burnout workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Training in relaxation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Career counseling </li></ul>
  25. 26. &quot; Success belongs to those individuals who can look at the complex challenges offered by the World as Inspiration .&quot;
  26. 27. Thank You !