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In this ppt our city GUJRAT has been highlighted.
thanx bilal bhai for its creation.

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  1. 1.
  2. 2. TOPIC OF PRESENTATION<br />The Beautiful Land Of SOHNI<br />“GUJRAT”<br />
  3. 3. Groups Members<br />AMIR BIN RIAZ 020<br />MUJATABA HAIDER 010<br />MUNEEB RAZA SHIRAZI 029<br />MUHAMMAD BILAL 018<br />
  4. 4. Location<br /><ul><li> Gujrat is situated near the</li></ul> Chenab, 120 km north of <br /> Lahore. <br /><ul><li> Prominent nearby </li></ul> locations include Jhelum, <br /> Gujranwala, Mandi <br /> Bahauddin, Sialkot and <br /> Bhimber Azad Kashmir. <br /><ul><li> The city is surrounded by </li></ul> many villages from which <br /> the local labour market is <br /> supplied.<br />
  5. 5. Area and Population <br /><ul><li>According to 1998, Area3192sq.miles
  6. 6. According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, total population of Gujrat district is 20,48,000 persons.</li></ul>10,26,000 are males<br /> 10,22,000 are females<br /><ul><li> Density of population in the district is 642 persons per square Kilometre
  7. 7. Population percentage break-up,</li></ul> Rural 72.3% <br /> Urban 27.7% <br /><ul><li> Literacy Rate</li></ul> Sixth Number<br /> 62.18%<br />
  8. 8. History<br /><ul><li>Founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC
  9. 9. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great.
  10. 10. Gujrat is one of those cities of sub-continent, which were planned at the time of construction.
  11. 11. Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district:</li></li></ul><li>Battle of Chillianwala <br /> The Battle of Chillianwala was fought during the Second Anglo-Sikh War in the Punjab, now part of Pakistan. The battle was a strategic check to Britain, and damaged British prestige in India.<br />
  12. 12. Battle of Gujrat<br /> The Battle of Gujrat was the decisive battle of the Anglo-Sikh War, fought on 21 February 1849, between British forces and the Sikhs.[ The depleted Sikh army, weakened by lack of supplies, was defeated by the Bengal East India Company. <br />
  13. 13. Battle of Gujrat<br />After it capitulated a few days later, the Punjab was annexed to the East India Company's territories and its ruler, the young Duleep Singh, was deposed.<br />
  14. 14. <ul><li> Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February 1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab.</li></li></ul><li>Tehsiles <br /><ul><li> Gujrat spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometer.
  15. 15. Three Tehsils:</li></ul> Gujrat:<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Kharian:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Sarai Alamgir:</li></li></ul><li>Climate<br /><ul><li> Moderate Climate
  17. 17. Temperature
  18. 18. During peak summer up to 45°C(hot spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains).
  19. 19. During the winter below 2°C
  20. 20. Average rainfall
  21. 21. On the Kasmirborder is over 100 cm
  22. 22. Kharian 75 cm
  23. 23. Gujrat 67 cm
  24. 24. Dinga 50 cm
  25. 25. Sarsal 48 cm</li></li></ul><li>Transport<br /><ul><li> Transport system include metalled roads:
  26. 26. Length 1,019 kilometers .
  27. 27. It linked with
  28. 28. Gujranwala,
  29. 29. Jhelum,
  30. 30. Mandi Bahauddin
  31. 31. SAMMI Daewoo Express,
  32. 32. connects Gujrat with Lahore.</li></li></ul><li>Transport<br />Trunk Road, built by emperor Sher Shah Suri, situated beside the GT Road and main rail line.<br />
  33. 33. Railway:<br /><ul><li>Main Peshawar- Karachi railway line passes through Gujrat district.
  34. 34. It linked with
  35. 35. Jhelum,
  36. 36. Mandi Bahauddin,
  37. 37. Sargodha
  38. 38. Gujranwala</li></li></ul><li>Airport:<br /><ul><li>Gujrat Airport is not functional
  39. 39. People use AllamaIqbal International Airport,Lahore
  40. 40. Sialkot International Airport</li></li></ul><li> Education<br /> Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling Ancient Greece, referring to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are located in Gujrat.<br />
  41. 41. Institutions:<br /><ul><li> University Of Gujrat</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Nawaz Sharif Medical College, Hafiz Hayat: </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Govt. Zaminadar College Bhimber road:
  42. 42. Govt. Fatima Jinnah Degree College for Girls, Fawara Chowk :</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Govt. College for Girls, Maraghzar Colony, Bhimber Road.
  43. 43. Railway road College.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Swedish Pakistani Institute of Technology.
  44. 44. Govt.Science College.</li></li></ul><li>Famous people<br /><ul><li>Nawab Sir Fazal Ali, Head of Nawab Family of Gujrat and Founder of Zamindara College.</li></ul> And also called as the Sir Syed of Gujrat.<br /><ul><li>Major Raja Aziz BhattiShaheed, a recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider (Pakistan's highest Military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1965 was born in Laadian, village in Gujrat. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Major Muhammad Akram, another recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider during the India-Pakistan war of 17 December 1971, was born in Dinga, a village near Gujrat.
  45. 45. Major ShabirShrifShaheed (born April 28,1943 in Kunjah, Gujrat District) was another recipient of the Nishan-e- Haider .</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>ElahiChaudhry former President of Pakistan(In office14 August 1973 – 16 September 1978) also served as speaker of national assembly.
  46. 46. Ch. ZahoorElahi the head of chauhdery family and famous politician.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch ShujaatHussain former Prime Minister And President Pakistan Muslim League [Q] (2008)
  47. 47. Ch PervaizElahi former Chief Minister Of Punjab and President Pakistan Muslim League [Q](Punjab)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch. ShufaatHussain (Nazim of Gujrat)
  48. 48. Main ImranMasood, former Education Minister Of Punjab</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch AitzazAshan, Ex-President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and hero of movement for the independence of judiciary.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, owner of Service Shoe Factory, Present Defence Minister Of Pakistan.
  49. 49. NawabzadaGhazanfar Ali Gul, former Member National Assembly.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ch. QamarZamankaira Minister for Information and Broadcasting.
  50. 50. Ch. TanweerAshrafKaira minister for finance of Punjab province.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>SabihaKhanum, a famous Film Actress of 1970's, wife of famous actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar). </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>InayatHussainBhatti, singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker, columnist and religious scholar. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Late Alamlohar and his son ariflohar famous folk singer also belongs to Gujrat. Both are famous for their chimta with which they sing. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Ejaz (full name EjazDurrani) The Ranjha of Pakistani film industry was born in a remote village of JalalpurJattan, District Gujrat in 1935. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Malka-e- mausequeeRoshanAra Begum was a very famous classical singer of Pakistan and India . She is the daughter of Ustad Abdul Haqq Khan. In 1948 she migrated to Pakistan settled in Lalamusa, a town of gujrat. She also deid there.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Another legend of lollywoodNishobeghum also belongs to Gujrat.</li></li></ul><li>Gujrat is a land of great people with literary taste so this land have produced many writers and poets.<br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>A rebound columnist Dr. SafderMahmood belongs to small town Dinga district Gujrat.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Anwar Masood a great humorous poet of Punjabi and Urdu also belongs to Gujrat. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Another great poet, translator, writer Sharif kunjahi also belongs to Gujrat.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Javed Chauhdery the most readied columnist of Pakistan and now anchor person also belongs to Gujrat.</li></li></ul><li>PirFazal Shah Gujrati<br /><ul><li>He is the famous Punjabi poet.
  52. 52. His poems are included in Punjabi curriculum. </li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>SohniMahiwal is a famous folk tale of the Punjab region. The heroine of the story, named "Sohni" (a Punjabi word, meaning "beautiful"), came from the Gujrat region. </li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>She used to meet her lover "Mahinwal" by crossing the Chenab river, sitting on a pitcher. The tale is still told to this day, and is an essential part of Punjabi culture.</li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li>Dress :</li></ul>Shalwarkamiz or Dhoti kamiz<br />
  53. 53. <ul><li>Artistic handicrafts. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>‘Hookas’ </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Cotton mates, Dhusse and woollen shawls.. </li></li></ul><li>Melay: <br /> Gujrat a land of Sufi saints which are the spirtual leaders of the people of this area.<br /><ul><li> Sain Kanwa Wali Sarkar.
  54. 54. Karam Elahi</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Hazart Hafiz Hayyat: </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>HazratSyedKabeerul Din Shah WaliDaryaee</li></li></ul><li>Shah Jhangeer<br /><ul><li>During the Mughal period Mughal royalty would</li></ul> travel through the district en-route to Kashmir. <br />
  55. 55. Shah Jhangeer<br />When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was not released to <br />avoid any unrest in the empire. As such, his abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. <br />To this day an annual festival is held commemorating this event, commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".<br />
  56. 56. Economy/Industry<br /><ul><li>Agriculture
  57. 57. Overseas
  58. 58. Fan industry
  59. 59. Pottery industry
  60. 60. Furniture industry
  61. 61. Shoes and Rubber Tyre,Tube industry</li></li></ul><li>Agriculture<br /><ul><li>Main Crops: Wheat and Rice are the main crops grown in the district. Besides, Sugarcane, Bajra, Tobacco, Maize, Jawar, Masoor, Moong, Mash, Oil Seed such as Mustard and Sun/Flower.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Main Fruits:Citrus and Guavas. Besides, Mango, Jaman and Banana in minor quantities.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Main Vegetables:</li></ul> Turnip, Potatoes and Cauliflower are main vegetables grown in the district. Besides, Carrot, Peas, Onion, Tomato, Garlic, Chilies and Ladyfinger are also grown in the district in minor quantities.<br />
  62. 62. Forests<br /><ul><li>Location of Forests and Area Under A forestation:An area of 5,173 acres is under forest. There is also linear plantation of 662 Km alongside the roads/rails/canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are Kau, Phalai, Kikar and Shisham.</li></li></ul><li>Overseas of Gujrat <br /> More than 300,000 people from Gujrat live overseas and contribute more than 3 billion rupees per year as foreign exchange. They are playing a vital role in economies of their host countries and are keenly interested in Gujrat affairs at all levels. People from all the three tehsils, Gujrat, Kharian and Sarai Alamgir represent Gujrat overseas.<br />
  63. 63. Industry: <br /> Gujrat has a unique status throughout the Punjab due to some of its manufacturing capabilities and productions. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district.<br />
  64. 64. Fan industry<br /><ul><li>The story of emergence of electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan is one of those heroic efforts made by a few enterprising individuals who. </li></li></ul><li>Fan industry<br /> Starting with nothing in early 1940s struggled against all odds and turned this concern into a most efficient industry in Pakistan. - Over 500 Fan Manufacturing Units.<br />
  65. 65. Pottery industry <br /><ul><li>District Gujrat produces low temperature pottery, flower pots and ceramic goods.</li></li></ul><li>Furniture industry<br /><ul><li>Gujrat is famous for its beautiful carved furniture. Furniture of Gujrat is fitted in provincial and national assemblies. </li></li></ul><li>Shoes and Rubber Tyre,Tube industry<br />Servis Industries Limited is a publicly traded company and it is a part of Servis Group. Its annual revenue of US $ 45 million. It is the largest manufacturer of tyres and tubes for two-wheelers, and has been the largest exporter of footwear from Pakistan for a decade.<br />
  66. 66. The company employs more than 4,000 people in its facilities located in Gujrat and Muridke. The company’s products are exported primarily to Germany, Italy, France and United Kingdom.<br />
  67. 67.
  68. 68. Sites of interest<br /><ul><li>The Gujrat Fort, now in shambles, still stands, depicting the declining glory of Mughal architecture. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Head Marala: </li></ul> It is a head bridge over river Chanb at the junction of Gujrat and Sailkot. It is also used as Tourist spot.<br />
  69. 69. Parks<br /><ul><li>Children Park:
  70. 70. Inyat-ul-Allah Park:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>NawazShrif Park</li></li></ul><li>Faiz-e-EllahiManzil<br />(residence of the famous Chiragh Ali Hakeem Advocate and active member of Muslim league part until 1948) is another historical place, Where father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah resided for a short while.<br />
  71. 71. Religious Places<br /><ul><li> Mosques(Faisal Mosque):</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Mosque Walait Shah:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Eidgah Mosque: </li></li></ul><li>Churches<br />ST. Andrew's Church:<br />
  72. 72. <ul><li>Rosi Hospital Jail Road Gujrat:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Pakistan Mission Head Quarter:</li></li></ul><li>Hospitals: <br /><ul><li> District Head Quarter Hospital </li></ul> (Aziz Bhatti Hospital):<br />
  73. 73. <ul><li>Gujrat Hospital:</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Maternity Hospital Gujrat</li></li></ul><li>Play Grounds:<br /><ul><li>Zahoor –Elahi Stadium</li></li></ul><li>Some Pictures of Gujrat City:<br />
  74. 74.
  75. 75.
  76. 76.
  77. 77.
  78. 78.
  79. 79.
  80. 80.
  81. 81.
  82. 82.
  83. 83.
  84. 84. Some pictures of real Gujrat:<br />
  85. 85.
  86. 86.
  87. 87.
  88. 88. Thank you very much<br />