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Margaret Mead and Education By: Chelsea Ellis
Introduction ANTHROPOLOGY A new science in the 1920’s The study of People Mead’s teacher- Franz Boas Franz Boas Believed all people basically the same Influences Freud Erik Erikson Gestalt Psychology of Kurt Lewin
Primitive Societies Mead Freud Historically and culturally Biology dictates one’s place women’s status changed in society depending on their societal condition Women who go against it suffered from “penis envy”
Coming of Age in Samoa The study of transition from childhood to adulthood Applied to girls who reached puberty Awkward Age
Gender Roles Boys Girls In charge of work and 4-5 years old planning for the village In charge of babies and toddlers Learn diverse skills like fishing, building, orating Puberty Perform more physical tasks like harvesting crops No longer in charge of child-rearing Begin work of making mats and dowry gifts for relatives
Samoan Adolescence Not a period of crisis or stress Develop interests and activities Not perplexed by conflicts, philosophical queries, or remote ambitions Can take lovers until married for as long as possible
Education America Samoa Praises “experimental The brightest kids have to educators” (Weisberg, hold themselves back 2001, p. 153) The dullest child is helped Creates the feeling that all are equally capable Is this good or bad?
The Manus Culture Education Physical Training Children never start a feat too soon Children are never allowed to back track How can we apply this to education?
The Manus Culture
Critics: Freeman Mead-Freeman Controversy Absolute Cultural Determinist Accused of fitting behavior and cultural patterns into research Should have been investigating her research problem more Boas- Mead relationship Result: Other critics believe Freeman misrepresented Mead’s views
ReferencesBarry, N. M. (1991). Margaret Mead: Overview. Feminist Writers.Cote, J. E. (2000). Was coming of Age in Samoa Based on “Fateful Hoaxing”? Current Anthropology, 41(4), 617-620.Http://boulderjewishnews.org/2010/how-a-nature-vs-nurture-debate- got-ugly/http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/mead/field-manus.htmlMead, M. (1928). Coming of Age in Samoa: A psychological study of primitive youth for western civilisation. New York: William Morrow & Co.
References Cont…Overview: Coming of Age in Samoa. (1928). Gale Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http:// www.go.galegroup.comSimeone, L. (2001). Interview: Mary Catherine Bateson and William Beeman Discuss Anthropologist Margaret Mead’s Legacy. Weekend All Things Considered. (NPR).Weisberg, D. Coming of Age in Samoa and Nebraska (2001). Nepantia, 2(1), 139-154.