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GSS Session VI Mr A K Sacheti


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GSS Session VI Mr A K Sacheti

  1. 1. Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (A Govt. of Rajasthan Initiative) EMI Campus, J-8A, Jhalana Institutional Area, Jaipur- 302004 Phone: +91-141-5103246/47,2705817 Fax : +91-141-5103246 E-Mail : [email_address] Website : A Non-formal Model of Skill Training for Unemployed Youth As Practiced in Rajasthan A. K. Sacheti, Project Advisor <ul><li>Commencement of RMoL skill training programmes by ITIs: It was apprised to the PS-L&E that ITIs are delaying in commencing RMoL skill training programmes. The PS-L&E directed RMoL to issue letter duly signed by him to the Director, Technical Education and all Dy. Directors to conduct RMoL skill training courses on time. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Institutions in 5 districts under Devnarayan Yojana: It was apprised by RMoL that as against the target of training of 4000 youth set by the government in five districts, RMoL has trained only 1840 youth due to lack of training Institutions. The PS-L&E directed to utilise the existing school premises in consultation with the office of the Principal Secretary, Primary and Secondary Education. </li></ul>
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  3. 3. Technical Training Institutions & Intake Capacity S. No Type of Institutions Number of Institutions Intake Capacity 1 Polytechnics 71 16150 2 Industrial Training Institutes 134 20032 3 Industrial Training Centers 712 80792 Total 917 1,16,974
  5. 5. Process for Launch of Skill Training <ul><li>Identification of Courses- Meeting with Industrialists, Knowledgeable persons, CII, ASSOCHEM, FICCI, Sector specific industries and Vacancies through daily News Papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of list of courses with duration </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of courses contents and IM </li></ul><ul><li>Costing of Training programme </li></ul><ul><li>Developing criteria for evaluation of training proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of orientation programmes for training providers </li></ul><ul><li>Inviting and sanctioning of proposals from training partners approved for the purpose </li></ul>
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  8. 8. Skill Mapping of the State Demand Rajasthan will have an incremental human resource requirement of 5 to 5.2 million persons by 2015. S.No. Key sectors Current Employment (2006-07) (in 000) Employment by 2015(in 000) Incremental HR Requirement till 2015 (in 000) 1 Construction 500 3188 2688 2 Textile 860 1689 829 3 Healthcare 142 473 331 4 Tourism and Hospitality 170 440 270 5 Food Processing 22 254 232 6 Auto Mechanics 75 280 205 7 Jem and Jewellary 50 188 138 8 Handicrafts 700 837 137 9 Auto and Engineering 37 129 92 10 Banking and Financial Services 76 151 75 11 IT and ICT 6 48 42 12 Mines and Minerals 460 499 39 13 Retail 140 173 33 Total 3238 8349 5111
  9. 9. Industry Sector-wise Number of Courses Offered S.N Sector No S.N Sector No S.N. Sector No 1 Auto. Repair 13 12 IT & ICT 6 21 Wood Work 1 2 Business & Commerce 5 13 Medical & Nursing 8 22 Media 2 3 Beauty Culture & hair dressing 4 14 Plastic Processing 4 23 Food Proces. & Preservation 3. 4 Carpet 8 15 Printing 5 24 Agri. & Hort 12 5 Electrical 6 16 Prod. & Manufa. 6 25 Animal Husb. 5 6 Electronics 16 17 Refrigera. & AC 4 26 Handicraft 1 7 Fabrication 5 18 Retail 3 27 Courier & Logis. 3 8 Garment Making 11 19 Paint 3 28 Textile 2 9 Gem & Jewelery 3 20 Construction 10 29 Travel & Tourism 4 10 Hospitality 13 21 Security 3 30 Multi Skills 15 11 Material Manage. 2 22 Mines & Minerals 1 33 Renewable Energy 3 34 Miscellaneous -2
  10. 10. Courses their Duration & Number S.No Training Duration Number of Courses 1 40 days/240 hours 68 2 50 days/300 hours 43 3 60 days/360 hours 23 4 70 days/420 hours 17 5 80 days/480 hours 29 6 90 days/540 hours 12 Total Courses 192
  11. 11. Guideline Document & Its Contents <ul><li>1 General Information & Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>2 Banner Format ¼1a½ </li></ul><ul><li>3- Format for Completion Report ¼ 2a½ </li></ul><ul><li>4- Format for Application form ¼a3½ </li></ul><ul><li>5- Format for Details of Trainees ¼a4 ½ </li></ul><ul><li>6- Format for Training Coordinator & Others ¼a5½ </li></ul><ul><li>7- Format for Daily Topics Covered with Name of Trainer ¼a6½ </li></ul><ul><li>8- Format for Evaluation of Tr. Prog. </li></ul><ul><li>Towards the End By Trainees ¼a7½ </li></ul><ul><li>9 Format for Summary of Eval. ¼a8½ </li></ul><ul><li>10- Format for Procedure to Purchase of Tools and Distribution ¼9½ </li></ul><ul><li>11- Format for OJT Payment Receipt </li></ul><ul><li>to Enterprize ¼a10½ </li></ul><ul><li>12 Format for Summary of Expenses ¼a11½ </li></ul><ul><li>13- Format for Utilization Certificate ¼a12½ </li></ul><ul><li>14 Format for Certificate ¼a13½ </li></ul><ul><li>15- Format for Using Residential </li></ul><ul><li>Facility ¼a14½ </li></ul><ul><li>16- Format for Participation in Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Tour ¼a15½ </li></ul><ul><li>17- Format for Follow –up Report ¼a16½ </li></ul><ul><li>18- Instruction for Account Submission </li></ul><ul><li>( Appendix-A ) </li></ul><ul><li>19- List of MES/RMoL Courses </li></ul><ul><li>( Appendix-B ) </li></ul><ul><li>20- Soft Skills and EDP Course Contents </li></ul><ul><li>( Appendix-C ) </li></ul><ul><li>21 Motivating Songs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Features of RMoL Skill training Programme <ul><li>Eligibility : Age-16-35 years; Qualification- Varies from course to course( 5 th standard to 12 th standard & graduate). </li></ul><ul><li>No. of Sectors : 34; </li></ul><ul><li>Courses : 192; </li></ul><ul><li>Duration :40(240 hrs.) to 90 (540 hrs.) days/hrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Trainees :25 ( Not less than 18); In some courses the number is less than 18 also. In one case, it is 30. </li></ul><ul><li>Training Fee : Rs. 400/- for General Category youth and Rs.200/- for all other categories youth including women and disabled candidates. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment : By External Assessors through visit during the organization of training programme </li></ul><ul><li>Provision : Tool Kit, OJT, Soft Skills, EDP. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Budget for Skill Training Programmes S.No Non residential with EDP Budget Residential with EDP Budget Duration Rs. Duration Rs. 1 40 days/240 hours 53,833 40 days/240 hours 1,07,833 2 50 days/300 hours 65,184 50 days/300 hours 1,33,584 3 60 days/360 hours 76,536 60 days/360 hours 1,57,536 4 70 days/420 hours 87,888 70 days/420 hours 1,83,288 5 80 days/480 hours 99,240 80 days/480 hours 2,07,240 6 90 days/540 hours 1,10,592 90 days/540 hours 2,32,992
  14. 14. Type of Training Institutions & Their Numbers(Up to August, 2011-12) S.No. Type of Training Institution No. of Institution 1 Government ITI 94 2 KVK-Run by universities, ICAR, NGOs 25 3 General Education Colleges 22 4 ITCs 39 5 RUDSETI + JSS 5 6 DCTC 9 7 Professional Institute 5 8 NGOs 11 9 Large Corporate House Centres 25 10 Mobile+Industry 5 Total 240
  15. 15. Year-wise Dist. Covered, Institutions Involved, Programmes Organized & Youth Trained Year No. of Districts Covered No. of Institutions Involved No. of Skill Training Programmes Organised No. of Youths Trained 2005-06 22 39 57 1340 2006-07 32 150 283 5605 2007-08 32 283 603 13983 2008-09 33 347 1018 24111 2009-10 33 264 621 14538 2010- 11 32 223 570 12540* Total 3152 72117* * Tentative figure
  16. 16. Year-wise Expenditure Incurred on Skill Training Year Budget Utilized( Rs. in Lakhs) 2005-06 38.58 2006-07 160.30 2007-08 455.95 2008-09 794.50 2009-10 800.00* 2010- 11* 500.00* * Accounts to be Settled
  17. 17. Employment Status of Youth Trained(2006-09) For 6688 Youth
  18. 18. Sector-wise Employment Pattern
  19. 19. <ul><li>Total 3152 programs </li></ul><ul><li>340 institutions involved(KVKs, ITIs, ITCs, NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>72117 youth trained </li></ul><ul><li>26% were women </li></ul><ul><li>59% beneficiaries educated class10 th & below </li></ul><ul><li>64.5% beneficiary belonged to SC,ST, OBC categories </li></ul><ul><li>83% beneficiaries belonged to families having monthly income less than Rs. 5000/- </li></ul>RMoL Skill Trainings at a Glance
  20. 20. C- Best Practices in Skill Development
  21. 21. Best Practices of RMoL Skill Development Programme <ul><li>75% of RMoL courses have MES Course Contents of DGET, GOI. 25% courses are local specific developed at the Mission level. </li></ul><ul><li>Value addition to MES courses through incorporation of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) Entrepreneurship Development Module </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) Soft skill Module </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) On-the-job training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) Tool kit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensuring availability of infrastructure (funding for dormitory accommodation in KVKs, strengthening of ITIs by way of Tools and Power Tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Budget released as advance in the range of 100 to 60% of the total ,based on type of institution – government or private. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Best Practices of RMoL Skill Development Programme <ul><li>Each training programme is assessed or supervised once or twice based on duration of the course by a professional available locally. </li></ul><ul><li>Employment data of trainees are collected through follow up reports. </li></ul><ul><li>Guideline document is published every year with necessary changes/modification, which include funds, number of courses, duration of courses, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Data base of skill development programmes is developed and updated regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>RMoL’s skill development programmes are managed by a team of experienced professionals. </li></ul>
  23. 23. D- New Initiatives in Skill Training
  24. 24. Innovations in Skill Trainings <ul><li>Mobile Training Facility : Two mobile vans running in District- Jodhpur and Dungarpur Four more mobile vans fabricated to serve in Tonk , Baran Rajsamand and Barmer. </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning material : Following course materials developed in Hindi. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Household Wiring and repair of Electrical appliances’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Diesel engine and pump set repair’ and </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Repair & rewinding of electrical motor’ </li></ul>
  25. 25. Establishment of New Institutions <ul><li>Rajasthan Institute of Security Education </li></ul><ul><li>Certified training in security education has been initiated. </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 7 division HQ of Rajasthan . </li></ul><ul><li>Three agency i.e. Jaipur Ex- servicemen Welfare Cooperative Society Ltd, SIS, & CAPSI has been conducting the trainings and more than 2332 youth have been trained and placed so far. </li></ul><ul><li>The annual target is 5880 youth to be trained and placed. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Academies </li></ul><ul><li>Established in premises of ITIs of 7 divisional HQ. </li></ul><ul><li>Courses in 3 Trades i.e. Plumbing & Sanitation, Masonry and electrical house wiring has been started in June, 2010 and 200 youth are undertaking training in these courses </li></ul><ul><li>RMoL has been taking professional guidance from National Academy of Construction, Hyderabad , the Key Institution in India for transfer of know how in establishment and running of courses. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Rajasthan Institute of Security Education (RISE)
  27. 28. E- Increasing Outreach
  28. 29. Increasing the Outreach <ul><li>Establishing a variety of specialized Academies /Institutions in PPP mode </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing Skill Development Centres in RIICO industrial areas in PPP mode </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening District Computer Training Centres (DCTC) </li></ul><ul><li>Involving Industries in Offering Industry Specific Courses in OJT Mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing Rajasthan Council of Vocational Education & Training (RCVET) </li></ul>
  29. 30. Increasing the Outreach <ul><li>Ensuring introduction of 3 shifts in all ITIs and ITCs and requesting them to run more short duration courses in second and third shifts for Unemployed youth and on-the-job trained skilled workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Involving all educational and professional institutes to run short courses before and after the working hours </li></ul><ul><li>Requesting general education colleges to start skill training and employment enhancement courses during , before and after the working hours and on week ends. </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>F- Issues & Problems </li></ul>
  31. 32. Issues/Problems in Implementation <ul><li>Non availability of qualified trainers. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of training institutions to offer diversified courses </li></ul><ul><li>Reluctance on the part of industries to establish skill development centre(s) in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the Training Providers do not have Boarding & lodging infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Training and learning materials are not available for majority of the courses. </li></ul><ul><li>RMoL trained youth, willing to set up a small enterprise, have no access to loan facility. </li></ul><ul><li>The mechanism to collect follow-up or tracking of trainees is not very effective. </li></ul>
  32. 33. <ul><li>Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework </li></ul>
  33. 34. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Issues/Problems <ul><li>Absence of Coordinating Ministry or Nodal Ministry for Skill Development. National Skill Development Coordination Board ( NSDCB)is not very effective in doing the Job. </li></ul><ul><li>DGET is making certain interventions through national and international funding in ITIs, but new sectors, where employment opportunities exist, are not expanding viz., hospitality, security, textile, retail, travel & tourism, Business & Commerce, Construction, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Under SDI scheme, DGET has designed and developed more than 1000 modules and released funds to selected Government ITIs, but, the scheme has not taken roots in many states because of cumbersome procedure laid down by DGET and requirement of state share by way of budget and/or manpower. There is no diversity of courses in ITC. </li></ul><ul><li>MHRD has no scheme to offer vocational- short or long duration courses in educational institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>National Skill Development Corporation( NSDC) has moved fast, as far as the number is concerned, without any preparation regarding launch of skill training programmes, hence no impact on the ground. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Issues/Problems <ul><li>Hon’ble Prime Minister wrote a letter to the hon’ble Chief Ministers of the States regarding use of vacant space and off-hours of educational institutions for organizing short duration skill training programmes. But, there is no progress on this aspect because of non availability of funds. Similarly, Hon’ble PM wrote to CM regarding setting up of State Skill Development Missions. Many states have set up SSDM, but in want of budget, no substantial number of skill training programmes could be organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Rural Development ( MoRD) and its lucarative funding pattern under SGSY scheme is coming in the way of expanding skill training programmes by states through private partners. </li></ul><ul><li>The Government has not provided additional funding to various ministries for expanding or setting up new training infrastructure in PPP mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Testing and Certification System for short duration skill training developed by DGET is not effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Development and launch of National Vocational Qualification system is far from over. </li></ul><ul><li>In absence of nodal skill development ministry, best models/practices of vocational education and training available around the world are not seeing light at a modest scale. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Suggestions <ul><li>Set up a Nodal Ministry for Skill Development or make MHRD or MoLE as the Nodal Ministry. </li></ul><ul><li>Make massive investment on developing infrastructure-man, machine and material in existing and new institutions/centers for variety of trades/vocations/sectors throughout the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Select state/city/area wise models / best practices of vocational education and training available throughout the world and develop strategies to launch them. If need be, hire international experts for the purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Set up trainers training institutes for variety of trades/vocations throughout the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop standard courses ( MES Modules designed and developed by DGET under SDI scheme) and instructional materials-print and non-print. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a deliverable mechanism of competency testing and certification. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a system of number of qualifications in same sector, so that one can offer it throughout his/her life. </li></ul>