GSS Session V Dr. Ashok Kumar Gaba

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GSS Session V Dr. Ashok Kumar Gaba

  1. 1. <ul><li>ASHOK K GABA, Ph.D </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Professor </li></ul><ul><li>School of Vocational Education and Training </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVESITY </li></ul><ul><li>Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>4 th Global Skills Summit 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Special Focus: Ideas for the 12 th Five Year Plan </li></ul><ul><li>September 15-16, 2011, Federation House, New Delhi </li></ul>ROLE OF DISTANCE LEARNING INSTITUTIONS IN NVQF
  2. 2. Eklavya 1 st Generation © Gaba/IGNOU
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Out-of–school youth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls and destitute women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economically deprived sections of the society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployed young population, majority of them do not have any kind of skill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically Challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-culture/language people </li></ul></ul>Who will be trained? © Gaba/IGNOU
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Every year 5.5 million students pass out of class X of which 3.3 million go to Class X1, leaving 2.2 million out of the educational system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 2020, about 220 million students will pass out from school, out of which, about 150 million will not enroll for college education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=68291 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of the total employment in the country (459.1 m) out of which 56.8 percent of workforce belonged to self employment, 28.9 percent to casual labor, and 14.3 percent to regular wages. </li></ul></ul>Who will be trained? © Gaba/IGNOU
  5. 5. TARGET GROUPS FOR THE 12 PLAN © Gaba/IGNOU
  6. 6. <ul><li>Present Scenario </li></ul><ul><ul><li>17 Ministries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many NGO’s also provide training to prepare manpower for non-formal sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PPP Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Indian way of training Farmers, Craftsmen, Masons, Weavers, Carpenters, Goldsmiths, Carpet makers etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ODL institutions-IGNOU/NIOS/CCIs/DDE </li></ul></ul>VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROVIDER © Gaba/IGNOU
  7. 7. <ul><li>Some sort of dichotomy seems to exist in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Need to bring homogeneity and rationality in the VET programmes offered by different training providers. </li></ul><ul><li>The framework should guarantee that all workers at all levels of an occupation are trained, assessed and certified based on standards set for NVQ. </li></ul>NEED FOR NVQF
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Revision/addition of course curricula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of modern tool/technology/machinery related to the revised course curricula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-availability of qualified instructor/teacher/faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training to Trainer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society Acceptability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-economic/cultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Perceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people are not interested in getting any kind of certification because they feel they will not be benefited by it. </li></ul></ul>ISSUES © Gaba/IGNOU
  9. 9. Sequencing of Objectives Basic Principle: Simple to Complex Sequencing in Cognitive Domain Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge COGNITIVE PEADGOGY FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION © Gaba/IGNOU
  10. 10. PERSPECTIVE NVQF MODEL Industry NVQ Authority © Gaba/IGNOU
  11. 11. <ul><li>Different pathway other than formal VET system through which NVQF to be operated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work-based VET (Informal training) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open & Distance/Blended Learning based VET </li></ul></ul>ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY © Gaba/IGNOU
  12. 12. DISTANCE TEACHING INSTITUTIONS IN INDIA AS ON TODAY © Gaba/IGNOU
  13. 13. Advantage of ODL <ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible Learning Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>entry qualification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>place, pace and duration of study to students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Credit System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>based on time factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 credit=30 hours:inclusive of all learning activities </li></ul></ul>© Gaba/IGNOU
  14. 14. <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Centres- 67 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner Support Centres-3252 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muliti-media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Registration- About 3 Million </li></ul></ul>IGNOU’S STRENGTH © Gaba/IGNOU
  15. 15. Multimedia approach to instruction http://www.ignou.ac.in <ul><ul><li>Self instructional materials (printed material) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>counselling sessions (F2F and Teleconferencing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>multi-channel learning: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regular two-way audio and one-way video teleconferencing (750 interactive nodes) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>two-way video and two way audio (Satellite Interactive Terminals) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interactive radio counselling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gyan Darshan/Gyan Vani </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>internet-based learning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>face to face counselling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Certificate, Diploma, Degree (Doctorate) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Soft Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- BPO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Vocational Teacher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Engineering and Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Paramedical Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Information Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Security Management and Fire Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ignou.ac.in </li></ul></ul>Vocational Programmes Offered by IGNOU © Gaba/IGNOU
  17. 17. <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Centres- 16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner Support Centres-3910 (1167 vocational) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 2 Million (9% vocational) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: www.nios.ac.in </li></ul></ul>NIOS STRENGTH
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Target Group: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have skill but no formal qualification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have formal Qualification but no Skill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On the job training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blended Learning Approach: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Content to be developed -IGNOU/NIOS/Industry/MoL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Mobile Training Centre- DTIs/Industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Accreditation/Certification- IGNOU/NIOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Research and Training-IGNOU </li></ul></ul></ul>PERSECTPIVE MODEL FOR ODL INSTITUTIONS © Gaba/IGNOU
  19. 19. DTIs Learner Support Learner at his/her working place VEIs Industries/enterprises PERSPECTIVE DISTANCE VOCATIONAL TEACHING MODEL © Gaba/IGNOU
  20. 20. 3 C‘s: 1 C- Capability 2 C- Concern 3 C-Commitment Ready to work in Team Source: KRS (2008), IGNOU
  21. 21. T OGETHER E VERYONE A CHIEVES M ORE ROLE OF DISTANCE LEARNING INSTITUTIONS IN NVQF Source: KRS (2008), IGNOU
  22. 22. Thanks for the Patience Your Comments and Questions?? [email_address] © Gaba/IGNOU

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