GSS Session IV-A -- Mr Roy Newey: Vocational Education in Schools
ROY NEWEY Group Board Director A4e
44% of the world ’s population are young people between the ages of 15 and 24 85 Mill ion ILO estimate of the current unemployed youth 300 Million Youths who live on $2 a day 20 Million who have become discouraged from job search & have withdrawn from the labour market . 13% Global Youth Unemployment Rate The Global Challenge of Youth Unemployment EXCLUSION from Education & Training is the root of C H I L D L A B O U R L O W P A Y P O O R Q U A L I T Y J O B S I N T E R G E N E R A T I O N A L P O V E R T Y S O C I A L E X C L U S I O N
<ul><li>One in five 16- to 24-year-olds is now OUT OF WORK ! </li></ul><ul><li>7.9 % of workers are out of a job. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth unemployment rate at 20.5 % , the highest figures since records began in 1992 . </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 people aged 18 to 24 who have not had a job for two years. This was an increase of 43 % on a year ago. </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCE: Office for National Statistics </li></ul>Youth unemployment in the UK has hit a record level, with nearly 1 million school leavers & graduates out of work! Britain ’s Skills Challenges Those without core skills face the prospect, not only of short-term disadvantage through exclusion from the labour market, but of a lifetime of reduced employment and welfare opportunities Are the streets of the UK Safe?
‘ NEET’ The majority of the rioters where under 25 and unemployed. This does not justify their behavior, but it is a fact we can not ignore. Present NEET rate @ 20% Britain ’s Skills Challenges
Vocational Training An Alternate to Academic Educa tion <ul><li>Vocational training is a credible alternative educational provision to young people in danger of falling into NEET status or not suited to the academic route </li></ul><ul><li>Some young people respond positively to an environment that is different to academic learning, and benefit more from vocational styles of learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational training must be continuously reviewed to ensure that it is responsive to industry needs. Training can be offered in a variety of contemporary sectors and disciplines. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational training can be located in ‘real world’ situations . Youngsters taking part work side by side with businesses and benefit from the knowledge and experience of the people around them. </li></ul>
How Vox Works for Learners. <ul><li>The Vox model works by approaching education from a different perspective to that seen in a conventional school. </li></ul><ul><li>INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN which supports the individual, addresses their obstacles to learning, and guides them in the development of new skills through practical ways of learning which reflect the values of the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve INDUSTRY-RECOGNISED VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION , as well as completing personal & social development courses </li></ul><ul><li>Tutors & student PROGRESS REVIEWS every four weeks (for post 16 learners) or 12 weeks (for pre 16 learners) </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment can be stand alone or within an existing school. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult orientated discipline and order </li></ul>
At the Vox Centre, we provide an alternative approach to mainstream education for young people who are at risk of exclusion or who are simply disillusioned with the normal academic route. The VoX offers an integrated approach to both literacy and work skills by combining the two and offering a learning experience which is fun.
The Vox Centre Construction Retail The trainees get to construct the entire VOX facility under the supervision of trained masters and get a feel of actual work environment. They also perform day to day maintenance tasks within the school. The trainees get to set up and manage a retail store that sells goods/raw materials required for training in other facilities. This gives a first hand experience in dealing with various kinds of customers and managing different kinds of retail – FMCG, Grocery, Tools and equipment, Stationary, etc. The trainees run and maintain the VOX restaurant within the facility that sells the food prepared by the Catering group, allowing the trainees to work in a live environment, dealing with customer demands. The Restaurant opens for all children and staff offering healthy & nutritious food. The trainees cook the meals (breakfast & lunch) for the staff and the students take part of VOX. This experience helps them learn the intricacies of cooking in volumes while keeping the taste and flavor alive. The food cooked by them is served/sold at the VOX restaurant managed by the Hospitality group. Hospitality Catering
Improving Lives… <ul><li>Vox Centres are already proving a popular & highly effective way to train young people, with figures for April 2009 – March 2010 showing: </li></ul><ul><li>92% student retention rate from referral </li></ul><ul><li>to successful progression </li></ul><ul><li>72% achieving at least one qualification at Level 1 </li></ul><ul><li>58% achieving at least two qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>75% progression into education, employment </li></ul><ul><li>or training </li></ul><ul><li>Less crime, less depression, more skills, more jobs. </li></ul>We have hundreds of success stories every year through the Vox Centres and every one is as important to A4e as the next.
Vocational Skills in India Challenges Ahead <ul><li>The rate of enrolment in higher education amongst young people is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13% India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>83% in the US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>57% in the UK. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Just two in five young men and one in three young women complete high school. </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially, over 20 million young people in India require an alternative vocational route to training and further education </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, formal training capacity can accommodate 2.3 million students , leaving a gap of 18.7 milli on young people who are without any provision for formal vocational training. </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic Dividend or Time bomb? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Indian Higher Education system is one of the largest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy rate 15-years and over: 61% </li></ul><ul><li>With 34 % of the illiterate population in the world, India has the largest number of illiterates </li></ul><ul><li>As many as 60 million , children aged 6- 14 are not in school </li></ul><ul><li>90% of the estimated 112 million children attend government schools which are ill-equipped, lack basic amenities and short of qualified teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>India has one of the world ’s most youthful population . There are 310 million people aged 15 – 25 years but only 5% of them have any TVET qualifications </li></ul>Relevance in INDIA The Education System The number India needs to equip who join its labor force every year with higher levels of education and skills to be able to access better-paying jobs, and to benefit from the demographic dividend 12 Million
Why do India's children drop out of school? - Non-availability of schooling facilities account for 10 - 15% of India's out-of-school children. - A much larger percentage of children and/or their parents are simply "not interested". - A large percentage of children stay at home to participate in the basic tasks of the household economy. - ‘Failure to pass examinations’ is one of the reasons for discontinuance of education.
FOR CHILDREN The VoX model offers not only education in terms of language, literacy and numeracy but also skills training that will open up the job market for them. FOR PARENTS It is an opportunity to give ability to their children at a nominal fee, which will help them emerge as a stronger working arm of the family. It gets them the social appreciation and also motivates other students to take up vocational training. FOR THE COMMUNITY It readies a pool of trained, certified and EXPERIENCED plumbers, electricians, masons, carpenters, caterers, hair & beauty therapists, etc manpower which is available locally . FOR ADULT LEARNERS The VoX centre can offer adult literacy program along with skills training in schools in night shifts, which will be their first step to be part of an organised rust collar workforce. Relevance in INDIA VOX in INDIA
C a l l t o A c t I o n CAN WE WORK TOGETHER TO BRING VOCATIONAL EDUCATION TO CHILDREN IN INDIA? “ We are seeking new PARTNERSHIPS in India to implement this global best practice project... ”