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  2. 2. Tourette syndrome Tourette syndrome is a nervous system disorder thatstarts in childhood. This involves unusual repetitivemovements or unwanted sounds that cant be controlled.Person with this syndrome may repeatedly blink their eyes,shrug their shoulders or jerk their head. In some cases, youmight unintentionally blurt out offensive words. Tourettesyndrome typically shows up between ages 2 and 12, averagebeing around 7 years of age. Males are about 3 - 4 times morelikely than females to develop Tourette syndrome. Tourettesyndrome often lessens or become quiet and controlled afterthe teen years.
  3. 3. SYMPTOMS The symptoms, the word Tics isSimple ticssudden, sudden, brief, intermittentbrief and repetitive movements or sounds which one of a sign of Tourettethat involves limited syndrome. Symptoms can rangenumber of muscle from mild to severe. For severegroups symptoms may interfere with communicating and dailyComplex functioning.Tics:coordinatedpatterns ofmovements involveseveral muscle groupsMotor Tics:whichinvolves movementlike; often facial tics,such as blinkingusually happen beforevocal tics do. Peopleexperience is differentand no typical case.
  4. 4. Causes The causes I found that are the reason for Tourette syndrome isn’t known and a way to prevent it. It’s caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. But there are two theories what it’s caused from. 1st Theory 2nd Theory First is Second is Brain Genetics, it Abnormalities; could be an which certain inherited chemicals in the disorder. brain transmitSpecific genes nerve impulses may be may play a role.involved; one (Dopamine & genetic serotonin)mutation hasbeen identifiedas a rare cause of it
  5. 5. Risk FactorsFamily history:Having a family history or other tic disorders may increase the risk Being Male:Males are 3-4 time more likely than females. The complications are is it may increase your risk of learning, behavioral and social challengeswhich harms your self-image.Also in addition most likely they have related conditionsare: ADHD, OCD, Learning Disabilities, Sleep disorders,Depression and Anxiety disorders.
  6. 6. Test/DiagnosisFor Diagnose and test for thissyndrome, there are nospecific test that can diagnosedoctors rely on the history ofthe symptoms. The Diagnosticand Statistical Manual ofMental Disorders (DSM)determines the criteria for adiagnosis. The criteria to diagnose are both motor and vocal ticsthat happen nearly every day for more than a year. Diagnosismay be delayed because of families and doctors are unfamiliar with the symptoms. Doctors do order blood test, neuroimaging studies, such as MRI.
  7. 7. Treatment/DrugsThere’s not cure for Tourette syndrome. Treatment is to help control tics that interfere with everyday life activities and functioning, but if tics are severe treatment may be unnecessary. For medications it is to eliminate symptoms and side effects which are related condition such as ADHA, OCD etc. Medications include: Drugs that block or deplete the neurotransmitter dopamine in thebrain is Fluphenazine, Pimozide. Botulinum (Botox) Helps forSimple Vocal Tics, helps muscle relieve the tics. Stimulants,increase attention and concentration. Central Adrenergicinhibitors, help impulse control problems, & anti-depressants.Lastly there are therapies includes: Psychotherapy, Behavior,and deep brain stimulation