Hmi 107 ch.9 disorders

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Hmi 107 ch.9 disorders

  1. 1. AtrophyWasting of muscle tissue resulting in inability to useVaginal AtrophyThinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to a decline in estrogenSigns:VaginalDryness, Burning with urination,VaginalBurning,Urgency with urinationCauses: Decrease in estrogen production. Less circulating estrogen makes your vaginaltissuesthinner, drier, less elastic and more fragile.Risks: Smoking; impairs blood circulations. Never giving birth vaginallyTests: A pelvic exam, A pap test, & urine testTreatments: Mild symptoms may be relieved by use over the counter lubricant ormoisturizer, Creams(Etrace,Premarin,Others.), Tablets (Vagifem)CrampInvoluntary muscle contractionMenstrual Crampsare dull, throbbing or cramping pains in the lower abdomenSigns: Dizziness,LooseStools,Nausea, Pain lower back and thighsCauses:UterineFibroids,Endometriosis,Cervical StenosisRisks:Age younger than 20,Heavy Bleeding, never having delieverd a baby, SmokingTests:Ultrasound,Hysteroscopy,LaproscopyTreatments:NSAIDS drugs relieve pain, Hormonal Birth control,SurgeryFibromyositisCaused by Muscle strain or tearSigns:Dryeyes,Headaches,Dizziness,Diffculty concentrating.Causes:Causes are under investigation but includes stress,trauma,infection,Sensitivity to pain,injury to upper spineRisks:FamilyHistory,Exposure to damp or cold,poornutrition,overworkTest:Treatments: No cure but to relieve pain would be non-steroid drugs (NSAID)FibromyalgiaChronic pain/tenderness in joint and surrounding soft tissuesSigns:Aches, Fatigue and sleep disturbances,Anxiety,Depression,Causes:Infections,Genetics,Physical and emotional traumaRisks:Moredignosed more often in women than in men, Familyhistory,rheumatic diseaseTest: Complete blood count,Thyroid Function Tests
  2. 2. Treatment:Analgesics,Antidepressants,Anti-SeizureDrugsMuscular DystrophyGroup of disorders with progressive degeneration & weakening of skeletal musclesSigns:troublerunning,waddling gait, large calf muscles,frequent fallsCauses:Muscular dystrophy occurs when one of these genes is defectiveRisks: Most common in younger boys,Family History.Tests: EnzymeTests,Muscle BiopsyTreatments: Medications (Prenisone),TheraphyFrozen ShoulderPainful, Stiffness of the shoulder causing (ROM)Signs: Thawing Stage, Frozen Stage, Painful StageCauses: When capsule thickens and tightens around the shoulder joints.Risks:People 40 or older,immobility or reduced mobilityTests:PhysicalExam:Backscratch,opposite shoulder, & hands up.Treatments:Medications for pain,Therapy,Surgical&procedures.HypertoniaMuscle tone cause rigiditySigns:Causes:Risks:Tests:Treatments:HypertoniaMuscle tone causing flaccid musclesSigns:Causes:Risks:Tests:Treatments:

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