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ระบบเครือข่ายคอมพิวเตอร์

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ระบบเครือข่ายคอมพิวเตอร์

  1. 1. "HomeNetwork LAN ( Local AreaNetwork)1.(2.3.
  2. 2. HomeNetwork Home Office4.ADSL231. LAN (Local Area Network)102. MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)3. WAN (Wide Area Network)World Wide
  3. 3. Media)( dial-up / Leased line / ISDN) (lntegratedService Digital NetworkPeer To PeerPeerTo Peer Distributed System)Peer To Peer Windows for WorkgroupPersonal NetwareClient / ServerDistributed Processing
  4. 4. LAN TopologyBus 1Node(Node A)Node C)Node C NodeCRingRingIBM Token RingIBM
  5. 5. Star HubHubUTP Fiber OpticHub Repeater)SwitchHybridBus,Ring Star
  6. 6. Hybrid NetworkHierarchical TreWireless LAN)(LAN)Access Point
  7. 7. Protocol)NetBEUIWindowsWindows for Workgroup3.11TCP/IP (TransmissionControl Protocol / Internet Protocol)TCP/IPHome Network TCP/IPTCP/IP "IP AddressTCP/IP
  8. 8. TCP/IP4192.168.0.1Home Network 192.168.0.11192.168.0.2 2 192.168.0.2192.168.0.254254Fast EthernetFast Ethernet 100 Mbps( 1000 Mbps 1 Gbps( 10 GbpsHome NetworkLAN Peer to PeerUTP
  9. 9. 192.168.0.1IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) EIA(Electronics Association)3• ARCnet• Ethernet• Token Ring• ARCnet Attached ARCnet Resource Computing NetworkData Point1977 Transmission Permission"Bus Star2.5 Kbps (2.5
  10. 10. Ethernet Xerox1970 CSMA/CD(Carrier SenseMultiple Access With Collision Detection)(Collision)CSMA/CDListen before-Transmiting?Ethernet IEEE 802.3Bus Star CoaxialUTP = Unsheild Twisted Pair)10 Mpbs (10100 Mbps2.8Machestes Encodeb Digital Base band0-1Ethernet 3• 10 Base T
  11. 11. • 10 Base 2• 10 Base 510 Base T 10"10 Base"Base band "T"Twisted Pair ( 10 Base TTwisted Pair 10 MbpsBase band UTP (UnshieldTwisted Pair) 8 410 Base 2 Coaxial 1/4Thin Coaxial 18010 Base 5 Coaxial1/2 Thick CoaxialTranscever AUI500Token Ring IBMIEEE 802.5 Token-Passing
  12. 12. Ring Star-----4/16 MbpsCollision)IBM TokenToken-Passing Ring• TokenToken• TokenToken• TokenTCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
  13. 13. 1969ARPANET (AdvancedResearch Project Agency Network)WANTCP/IPWindowsUNIX Netware LinuxNetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended Use Interface)NetBIOS 1985LAN10-200 NetBEUIRouteLANWAN Windows NTWindows 2000IPX/SPX (Intenetwork Packet Exchange/Sequanced Packet
  14. 14. Exchange)XNS Protocol ( XeroxCorporation NovellLANWAN NWLinkIPX/SPX Compatible Transport ProtocolNetwareSQL Server Windows NTSNA MainframeIBMDLC (Data Link Control)IBMIBM,AS/400SNA (System Network Architecture)
  15. 15. 2, ,, , ,Network Card)NIC (Network Interface Card)IBM PC 15ISAISAIRQ. Address2.1 ISARJ-4,BNC Au RJ-4BNC T-Connector Terminator (
  16. 16. ISA, PCI, PCMCIA USBPort Compact FlashPCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect)ISAPCI 133IRQ,DMA, Memory AddressPCIPCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card InternationalAssociation)Notebook
  17. 17. USB Port (Universal Serial Bus)100
  18. 18. Media)Bus Coaxial, StarUTP 3Coaxialshield)2 thick)hin) Ethernet 2 terminatorUTP Coaxial thin)185 Repeater)UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) CAT (Category) 84 shield)RJ-45UTP Hub 10/100MbpsCAT 5 10-100 Mbp
  19. 19. STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) 2 shield)UTP3 BNC, RJ-45 AUIBNC CoaxialBNCerminator ( 50 2
  20. 20. RJ-45 CAT (Category) 5 UTP8 4 RJ-45 2Peer to peerTIA/EIA 568Beer to peer 2 UTPRJ-45 UTPRJ-45
  21. 21. TIA/EIA 568BTP RJ-45BUSEthernet Bus Coaxial StarUTP) Bus 10Base2Coaxial ( ? Thin
  22. 22. oaxial 180Coaxial RG-58 ( 50T-Connector BNCTerminator2.13 Coaxial T-Connector0.5 TerminatoBus 10
  23. 23. Hub)Ethernet 10BaseT LAN TopologyStarUTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) CAT5RJ-45 Repeater)(Data Detection) Receive Sent Data,abbers, Collision Data, Short Frames
  24. 24. 10 Mbps (Mega Bit per sec.) 100 mbps4 4 port (8 port, 12 port,16 port4 port)10 Mbps 10 Mbps10 Mbps 10 Mbps10 Mbps 10 Mbps Uplin10 100 Mbps 2.15StarStar 10BaseT Twisted Pair
  25. 25. 10/100 Mbps Base band UTP (Unshielwisted Pair) 8 4100 8050-100Bridge, Switch, Switching Hub RouterBridge)Repeater)
  26. 26. EthernetToken-Ring 2.17( 2-4 A , B,C, D)PacketFrameMAC (Media Access Control)AddressSAT (Source address Table)Swith)
  27. 27. EthernetCollision Domain)----------22--MAC Address
  28. 28. 2.191. D FF2. DVirtual Circuit DF3. C AA
  29. 29. Router)CoaxialUTP, , WAN,ATM, ISDN,X25

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