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Data Center Cooling Strategies

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Data Center Cooling Strategies for Efficiency - Techniques to Reduce Your Energy Bill by 20-80%

Data center cooling is a hot topic. When you consider the challenges of cooling the latest generation servers, growing cost of infrastructure equipment, and ever growing concern around energy efficiency, it's easy to understand the focus.

To view the recorded webinar presentation, please visit, http://www.42u.com/cooling-strategies-webinar.htm

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Data Center Cooling Strategies

  1. 1. 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Cooling Strategies for Efficiency – Techniques to Reduce Your Energy Bill by 20-80% September 19, 2008 ________________________________
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Business Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Data Center Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  3. 3. Efficiency Drivers <ul><li>Rising Energy Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mandates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C-Level Need for ‘Green’ Message </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  4. 4. Energy Cost Projection 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: Uptime Institute
  5. 5. Data Center Strategy <ul><li>Virtualization </li></ul><ul><li>Blades </li></ul><ul><li>Application Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Power Management </li></ul><ul><li>Air Handling Infrastructure </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  6. 6. Planning Considerations <ul><li>Hot/Cold Aisle Arrangement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feasibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rack Density Design Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< 15 kW = Supplemental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> 15 kW = Close Coupled </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  7. 7. Efficiency Strategies <ul><li>Variable-Speed Fans </li></ul><ul><li>Power Design </li></ul><ul><li>Modularity </li></ul><ul><li>Airflow Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perforated Tile Configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanking Panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor Grommets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Containment </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  8. 8. Energy Consumers <ul><li>45% of Power Consumption Goes to the Cooling Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>50% More than to the IT Equipment </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: The Green Grid, Guidelines for Energy-Efficient Datacenters
  9. 9. Functional Limitations <ul><li>CRACs Are Reaching Their Functional Limits </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: Aperture, Managing Today’s Data Centers, Avoiding the Impending Crisis
  10. 10. Rack kW Trend <ul><li>10 kW of Load Becoming the Norm </li></ul><ul><li>Continued Increasing Density </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: IDC, The Impact of Power and Cooling on Data Center Infrastructure
  11. 11. Cooling Efficiency <ul><li>Hot/Cold Aisle </li></ul><ul><li>Density Distribution Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: APC, Ten Cooling Solutions, #42
  12. 12. Confirmation of Fundamentals <ul><li>Impact of a Single Blanking Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent Results For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor Leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tile Arrangement </li></ul></ul>Top of rack Middle of rack 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  13. 13. Density Distribution <ul><li>Close-Coupled Cooling </li></ul><ul><li>High-Density Checkerboard </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Supplemental Equipment </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: APC, Ten Cooling Solutions, #42
  14. 14. Airflow Containment <ul><li>30-49% Increase in CRAH/ CRAC Capacity </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: Accenture/LBNL Air Flow Study 2007
  15. 15. Hot Aisle Containment <ul><li>Saves 40% Fan Energy </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: Accenture/Oracle Data Center Air Flow Management – Hot Aisle Containment
  16. 16. Cold Aisle Containment <ul><li>Saves 75% Fan Energy </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: Accenture/LBNL Air Flow Study 2007
  17. 17. Technology Alternatives 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Close Coupled Rear Door Ambient Air Supplemental In-Row Active Air 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW Chip + Enclosure
  18. 18. Ambient Air <ul><li>Low Density </li></ul><ul><li>Hot/Cold Aisle </li></ul><ul><li>Raised Floor Plenum </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Ambient Air 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW
  19. 19. Rear Door <ul><li>Hot/Cold Aisle Alternative </li></ul><ul><li>Low Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated Dense Cabinets </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Rear Door 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW
  20. 20. Active Air <ul><li>Air Handling Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Containment Alternative </li></ul><ul><li>Not Additional Cooling </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Active Air 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW
  21. 21. Supplemental In-Row <ul><li>Hot Spot Control </li></ul><ul><li>Supplements CRAC Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Next-Level Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>In-Row or Overhead </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Supplemental In-Row 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW
  22. 22. Close Coupled <ul><li>Closed Loop </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Close Coupled 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW
  23. 23. Chip-Level <ul><li>Extreme Density </li></ul><ul><li>Customized Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Research Environments </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide 10 15 20 28 35 40 kW Chip + Enclosure
  24. 24. Close Coupled Cooling 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide + = Cooling Server Cabinet High-Performance Solution top view
  25. 25. Redundancy <ul><li>Configurable To Meet Need </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide C O O L I N G M1 M2 M3 C O O L I N G C O O L I N G C O O L I N G
  26. 26. Footprint Reduction 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide 40kW 3 Rack Space 20kW 30 – 40 KW 40kW 10 Racks 4kW 4kW 4kW 4kW 4kW 4kW 4kW 4kW 4KW 4kW 4kW C O O L I N G C O O L I N G 20kW 40kW 2 Rack Space C O O L I N G C O O L I N G 40kW
  27. 27. Close Coupled TCO Example <ul><li>10K Square Feet Reduced to 5.6K </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$129K-195K Annual Real Estate Savings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$69K-302K Annual Energy Expense Reduction </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  28. 28. Economizers <ul><li>Use Environment for Cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Air-Side Inherently More Efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Water-Side Results In Considerable Savings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance with Reservoir for Off-Peak Cooling </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  29. 29. Water Side Potential 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  30. 30. Planning Considerations <ul><li>Create a Comprehensive Design </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the Entire Facility </li></ul><ul><li>Examine Alternative Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Standards </li></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  31. 31. Efficiency Checklist <ul><li>Reduce Your Electric Bills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20-50% for No/Low-Cost Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% for Systematic Efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Funding Phased Plan </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide Source: The Green Grid, Guidelines for Energy-Efficient Datacenters
  32. 32. Summary <ul><li>Consider the Big Picture </li></ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul><ul><li>Airflow Containment </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency Improvement Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C-Level Value </li></ul></ul>42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide
  33. 33. Q&A 42U Confidential ©2008 42U All rights reserved Slide For More Information Contact Your 42U Data Center Efficiency Consultant: 1-800-638-2638 or www.42U.com For a Copy of Today’s Presentation Email: [email_address] Thank You

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