Alice Frost


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  • Numbers in bubbles are the % of academics engaging in that mechanism at least three times in the last three years for problem solving, people based and public space and community activities; for commercialisation mechanisms, it is the % engaging at least once in the last three yearsSource: Adapted from PACEC/CBR (2009) The Evolution of the Infrastructure of the Knowledge Exchange System, a report to HEFCE
  • Alice Frost

    1. 1. UK approach to university- business/user links Alice Frost Stanford, USA November 2012
    2. 2. Models and Missions for Transfer Offices Gilles Capart, Proton Europe, and Jon Sandelin, Stanford OTL 2004 • The Open Science Model: academics publish and industry patents • The Licence Model: universities license to industry • The Innovation Model: universities form part of innovation eco- system
    3. 3. ‘It is relatively more difficult to license out a university invention in Europe than in theUS. The European market is much more fragmented ..and the density of technology-based companies is less important. Many licenses from European universities areactually executed with US groups, and do not benefit the European economy.The innovation model is comparatively more developed in certain Europeancountries, notably the UK, Scandinavian countries, Netherlands and Belgium, than inthe US. The potential benefits for the public and for the university will also be largerand more regional in character. The basic difference is that European universitieshave to be more directly involved in the innovation process than their UScounterparts for achieving the same result. Models of, and Missions for, Transfer Offices from Public Research Organizations by Gilles Capart and Jon Sandelin (2004)
    4. 4. Critical Functions Existing stock of knowledge / technologies / patents of HEIs in the Innovation System Higher Education Base Graduating students, re Research Education search Innovation publications conditions of place• Policy framework University Knowledge Exchange• Local leadership• Labour market• Access to expertise• Access to finance Other Firms Technology (customers, competitors,• Enterprise culture intermediaries suppliers, etc.)• Innovation infrastructure• Attract inward investment FIRM Absorptive capacity INNOVATION• Attract talent Innovation value chain• Quality of area © PACEC 2011 4
    5. 5. Nature and scale of knowledge exchange mechanismsbetween academics and external organisations
    6. 6. HEFCE: Transition from Technology Transfer to Knowledge ExchangeWhere we have come from… Where we are going to…STEM focus All disciplinesSimple ‘transmission’ model of knowledge Dynamic exchange model (engagement, not outreach)Wealth creation Innovation, productivity, quality of life, cultural enrichment, civic dev, community regeneration etc.Large, multi-national businesses Spectrum from global to local/ regional and all users
    7. 7. Evolution of HEFCE Knowledge Exchange Funding 160 HEIF 4 HEIF 2011-15 140 120 Total KE funding Maintained £150(£ millions, constant 2009/10 prices) million in cash terms Knowledge exchange funding 100 HEIF 80 60 40 20 Other HEFCE KE funding 0 Total KE income HEIF funding Other KE income 7
    8. 8. Strong growth in knowledge PACECexchange income
    9. 9. Leadership, Strategy and Institutional Structures Leadership and Organisational systems Strategy Institutional PACEC Incentives and rewards governance culture Building internal capability within the HEI KE staff Academics Internal / external courses Best practice networks Internal courses Mentoring Recruitment Workshops / seminars Informal networksFacilitating the research Skills and human Knowledge Exploiting the physical exploitation process capital development networks / diffusion assets of the HEIAccess points for external orgs CPD / short courses Provision of public space Business development Lifelong learning Alumni networks Science parks Technology transfer Careers services KE professional networks Incubators Work placements / project Staff exchanges Consultancy support Facilities / equipment experience Academic – external Contracts / legal support Joint curriculum development organisation networks Patenting / IP advice Corporate Relations Entrepreneurship and Supporting the community / public engagement Press / communications enterprise education Outreach Widening participation Investment funds Social enterprise Volunteering Awareness raising / knowledge Marketing diffusion Enterprise and Social cohesion / communityExternal fundraising for research entrepreneurship training regeneration Involving public in research Economic andAcademic knowledge Academic societal benefits
    10. 10. Knowledge Exchange SupportInfrastructure: HEIF investments• Total HEIF investment: £150 million per annum over 2010/11 – 14/15 Share (%) of HEIF by expenditure Share (%) of HEIF by infrastructure type category Exploiting physical assets 6% Dedicated KE Community Other costs 7% staff 28% 53% Diffusion 10% Entrepreneursh ip 10%Academic staff Skills Research 19% development exploitation 14% 53% 10
    11. 11. Other Sources of Funding KnowledgeExchange (% strategies)Research exploitation Skills development Knowledge diffusionHEIF: £318 million HEIF: £84 million HEIF: £62 millionOther funds: Other funds: Other funds:Reinvesting KE income 78% Reinvesting KE income 44% Core research 33%RCUK 55% Core teaching 42% Core teaching 30%TSB 50% Course fees 32% Reinvesting KE income 25%European funding 45% RDA 28% RDA 20%RDA 40% European funding 26% RCUK 18%Entrepreneurship and Exploiting physical assets Civic / communityenterprise educationHEIF: £63 million HEIF: £34 million HEIF: £41 millionOther funds: Other funds: Other funds:Core teaching 42% Reinvesting KE income 52% Reinvesting KE income 36%European funding 30% RDA 30% RDA 27%RDA 27% European funding 25% HEFCE 26%Reinvesting KE income 24% RCUK 21% Donations / alumni 23%Donations / alumni 22% Internal resources 16% Core teaching 19% 11
    12. 12. Thank you for listening
    13. 13. HEFCE weblinks • KE policy: • HEIF: • HE-BCI Survey: • Evaluation: • Research working papers: m