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Misc: Non millimeter Wave (mmWave) 5G

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A short presentation explaining the difference between mmWave 5G and Non millimeter Wave 5G

Published in: Technology
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Misc: Non millimeter Wave (mmWave) 5G

  1. 1. Non millimeter-Wave (mmWave) 5G @3g4gUK
  2. 2. ©3G4G Before we start If you don’t understand frequency & spectrum. Watch our most popular Tutorial
  3. 3. ©3G4G Too many articles equate 5G to millimeter- Waves (mmWave)
  4. 4. ©3G4G Too many articles equate 5G to millimeter- Waves (mmWave) But that’s simply not true
  5. 5. ©3G4G
  6. 6. ©3G4G Electromagnetic Spectrum covers Electromagnetic Waves with frequencies ranging from below 1 hertz to above 1025 hertz
  7. 7. ©3G4G The Radio Spectrum is part of spectrum from 3Hz to 3000GHz (3 THz)
  8. 8. ©3G4G 5G is only looking at frequencies from 450 MHz to 52.6 GHz
  9. 9. ©3G4G 5G is only looking at frequencies from 450 MHz to 52.6 GHz 3GPP has devided 5G frequencies in 2 parts: • Frequency Range 1 (FR1): 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz • Frequency Range 2 (FR2): 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz
  10. 10. ©3G4G Technically mmWave starts from 30 GHz
  11. 11. ©3G4G Technically mmWave starts from 30 GHz But people refer to all frequencies in FR2 as mmWave
  12. 12. ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz Non-mmWave 5G
  13. 13. ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  14. 14. Popular Frequency bands for different Technologies ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2G, 3G, 4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 5G FR1 (450 MHz – 7.125 GHz) 5G FR2 (24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz)
  15. 15. Popular Frequency bands for different Technologies ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2G, 3G, 4G Non millimeter wave 5G Millimeter wave 5G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 5G FR1 (450 MHz – 7.125 GHz) 5G FR2 (24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz)
  16. 16. Popular Frequency bands for different Technologies ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2G, 3G, 4G Non millimeter wave 5G Millimeter wave 5G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2.4GHz Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. 5GHz Wi-Fi Up to 6GHz 802.11ax 5G FR1 (450 MHz – 7.125 GHz) 5G FR2 (24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz) 802.11be EHT (1 GHz – 7.125 GHz)
  17. 17. Popular Frequency bands for different Technologies ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2G, 3G, 4G Non millimeter wave 5G Millimeter wave 5G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz 2.4GHz Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. 5GHz Wi-Fi WiGig – 60GHz Wi-Fi Up to 6GHz 802.11ax 5G FR1 (450 MHz – 7.125 GHz) 5G FR2 (24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz) 802.11be EHT (1 GHz – 7.125 GHz) 802.11ad / 802.11ay (57.24 GHz – 70.20 GHz)
  18. 18. Summary: Popular Frequency bands for different Technologies ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz Millimeter wave 5G 2.4GHz Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. 5GHz Wi-Fi WiGig – 60GHz Wi-Fi Up to 6GHz 802.11ax 5G FR1 (450 MHz – 7.125 GHz) 5G FR2 (24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz) 802.11be EHT (1 GHz – 7.125 GHz) 802.11ad / 802.11ay (57.24 GHz – 70.20 GHz) 2G 2G/4G3G 4G Non-mmWave5Gnon-mmWave 5G 10 GHz0 GHz
  19. 19. 5G Needs Different Frequency Bands ©3G4G Coverage Layer Sub-1GHz Capacity Layer 1GHz – 7.125GHz High Throughput Layers 24.25GHz – 52.6GHz
  20. 20. 5G Needs Different Frequency Bands ©3G4G Coverage Layer Sub-1GHz Capacity Layer 1GHz – 7.125GHz High Throughput Layers 24.25GHz – 52.6GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G Non-mmWave 5G
  21. 21. Importance of Frequency selection ©3G4G 2.1GHz 900MHz Higher frequency means faster decay
  22. 22. Importance of Frequency selection ©3G4G 2.1GHz 900MHz Higher frequency means faster decay Lower frequency means more number of users in a given cell
  23. 23. Importance of Frequency selection ©3G4G 2.1GHz 900MHz Higher frequency means faster decay Lower frequency means more number of users in a given cell Higher frequency gets reflected from walls and have poor penetration Lower frequency gets attenuated from walls but still penetrates
  24. 24. Most Popular 5G Frequency Bands ©3G4G 600MHz (2x35MHz) 24.25-24.45GHz 24.75-25.25GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.6–3.8GHz 3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 26.5-29.5GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 26.5-28.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 39GHz 3.6–4.2GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 600MHz (2x35MHz) 27.5-28.35GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 26.5-27.5GHz 3.55- 3.7- 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 3.55-3.7 GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 5GHz4GHz3GHz<1GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz 3.45- 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55GHz Source: Qualcomm Licensed Unlicensed/shared Existing band New 5G band Red highlights frequencies not approved for ITU study
  25. 25. Most Popular 5G Frequency Bands ©3G4G 600MHz (2x35MHz) 24.25-24.45GHz 24.75-25.25GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.6–3.8GHz 3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 26.5-29.5GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 26.5-28.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 39GHz 3.6–4.2GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 600MHz (2x35MHz) 27.5-28.35GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 26.5-27.5GHz 3.55- 3.7- 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 3.55-3.7 GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 5GHz4GHz3GHz<1GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz 3.45- 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55GHz Source: Qualcomm Licensed Unlicensed/shared Existing band New 5G band Red highlights frequencies not approved for ITU study Non-mmWave 5G Coverage Layer
  26. 26. Most Popular 5G Frequency Bands ©3G4G 600MHz (2x35MHz) 24.25-24.45GHz 24.75-25.25GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.6–3.8GHz 3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 26.5-29.5GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 26.5-28.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 39GHz 3.6–4.2GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 600MHz (2x35MHz) 27.5-28.35GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 26.5-27.5GHz 3.55- 3.7- 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 3.55-3.7 GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 5GHz4GHz3GHz<1GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz 3.45- 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55GHz Source: Qualcomm Licensed Unlicensed/shared Existing band New 5G band Red highlights frequencies not approved for ITU study Non-mmWave 5G Capacity Layer
  27. 27. Most Popular 5G Frequency Bands ©3G4G 600MHz (2x35MHz) 24.25-24.45GHz 24.75-25.25GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz 3.6–3.8GHz 3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 26.5-29.5GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 26.5-28.5GHz 3.4–3.7GHz 39GHz 3.6–4.2GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 600MHz (2x35MHz) 27.5-28.35GHz 64-71GHz 37-37.6GHz 37.6-40GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 26.5-27.5GHz 3.55- 3.7- 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 3.55-3.7 GHz 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 700MHz (2x30 MHz) 5GHz4GHz3GHz<1GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz 3.45- 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55GHz Source: Qualcomm Licensed Unlicensed/shared Existing band New 5G band Red highlights frequencies not approved for ITU study mmWave 5G High-Throughput Layer
  28. 28. ©3G4G Most 5G Deployments are Non-mmWave 5G
  29. 29. ©3G4G Most 5G Deployments are Non-mmWave 5G Let’s look at examples
  30. 30. UK: Only non-mmWave 5G right now ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  31. 31. USA: Mix of mmWave & non-mmWave ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  32. 32. Switzerland: Only non-mmWave 5G right now ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  33. 33. Italy: Both non-mmWave & mmWave 5G ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  34. 34. Finland: Only non-mmWave 5G right now ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  35. 35. South Korea: Both non-mmWave & mmWave 5G ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  36. 36. Japan: Both non-mmWave & mmWave 5G ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  37. 37. Australia: Only non-mmWave 5G right now ©3G4G 0 10 GHz 20 GHz 30 GHz 40 GHz 50 GHz 60 GHz 70 GHz 80 GHz 90 GHz 100 GHz FR1: 450 MHz – 7.125 GHz FR2: 24.25 GHz – 52.6 GHz Non-mmWave 5G mmWave 5G
  38. 38. ©3G4G In Summary: Most 5G Deployments Today are Non-mmWave 5G
  39. 39. ©3G4G In Summary: Most 5G Deployments Today are Non-mmWave 5G And mmWave 5G will Only be Available in Dense Areas, not Everywhere
  40. 40. Thank You To learn more, visit: 3G4G Website – http://www.3g4g.co.uk/ 3G4G Blog – http://blog.3g4g.co.uk/ 3G4G Small Cells Blog – http://smallcells.3g4g.co.uk/ Operator Watch - http://operatorwatch.3g4g.co.uk/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/3g4gUK Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3g4gUK/ Follow us on Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/3g4g Follow us on Slideshare: https://www.slideshare.net/3G4GLtd Follow us on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/3G4G5G ©3G4G

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