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Antennas: A Collection

A look at different types of mobile antennas and deployments

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Antennas: A Collection

  1. 1. Antennas A COLLECTION @3g4gUK
  2. 2. Single operator, single frequency omnidirectional antenna Located between M56 J10 & 11 in Cheshire. Single operator can be shared, single frequency band, x-pole with 3 cell sectors. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 2
  3. 3. Three cellular sites on fake trees Source: Andy Sutton 3
  4. 4. Spot the cell site... This site is in Dorset, close to Blandford Forum. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 4
  5. 5. Multi-band 2G, 3G & 4G cellular base station disguised as a tree. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 5
  6. 6. 2600 Antennas hidden behind fake brick panels Mayfair, London Source: Telecoms Stuff ©3G4G 6
  7. 7. "New Trees" German fine art photographer Robert Voit's "New Trees" seem like everyday plants at first glance, but when one looks closer it's apparent they aren't trees at all. They're cell phone towers disguised (one might say badly) by telecom companies in an attempt to blend in with their urban and rural environments. Anton Sister Park, Las Vegas, Nevada Source: CBS ©3G4G 7
  8. 8. "New Trees" Desert Mountain, Scottsdale, Arizona Robert Voit has worked on the series "New Trees" since 2003 in the U.S., Great Britain, South Africa, and Germany among other countries. Anton Sister Park, Las Vegas, Nevada Source: CBS ©3G4G 8
  9. 9. "New Trees" Santa Cruz, California The camouflage includes deciduous trees, palms, pines and cacti. Source: CBS ©3G4G 9
  10. 10. “New trees” Mono Lake, California "The artificiality of these "new trees" readily declares itself--they are necessarily taller than most trees, their antennae are often visible through the leaves, or the trunks may be marked with warnings to keep away--and even without these clues they stick out from their surroundings as "not quite right," like Stepford wives of the arboreal world," according to Christoph Shaden who wrote the forward for the book, "New Trees.“ Source: CBS ©3G4G 10
  11. 11. Antennae disguised as fake date trees near Koutoubia mosque, Marrakech Source: 3G4G Blog ©3G4G 11
  12. 12. ‘Stealth' tower A cellphone tower inside the bell tower, rear right, is seen over the Resurrection Lutheran Church in Ankeny, Iowa. As wireless companies fill gaps in their networks, many have sought to camouflage the ungainly outdoor equipment that carries the nation’s daily diet of calls, text messages and data. Source: USA Today 12
  13. 13. Mobile Phone/Church Bell Tower in LaVista, New England Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 13
  14. 14. Mobile Phone mast disguised like a Church Cross in Lake Worth, Florida. Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 14
  15. 15. Mobile Phone antenna concealed to look like brick exterior of a house in Sopot, Poland. Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 15
  16. 16. Mobile Phone tower flagpole, College Station, Texas. Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 16
  17. 17. Mobile Phone Cactus mast in Tucson, Arizona. Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 17
  18. 18. Constructing a Mobile Phone tower Cactus in Tucson, Arizona. Source: Global Thots Blog ©3G4G 18
  19. 19. Cell site on a church Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 19
  20. 20. Modern art and a cellular antenna Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 20
  21. 21. The digital highway, powering the 21st Century Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 21
  22. 22. Busy cell site with stacked antennas Started life with 1 cabinet then went to 3 and now it's 5. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 22
  23. 23. A multi- technology cell site …blending in with lighting columns in the area Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 23
  24. 24. Tri-sectored column with legacy Ericsson RBS 2106 (GSM) and & Fredo cab with Nokia 3G Flexi NodeB Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 24
  25. 25. O2 column Older style O2 column with new Huawei 3900AL and legacy O2 cab. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 25
  26. 26. Hutchinson Engineering Jupiter Column A short but heavy duty street-works column, large cabinets too. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 26
  27. 27. Ex-cell site cabs removed, column retained for lighting. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 27
  28. 28. When is a telegraph pole not a telegraph pole? When it's a cell site. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 28
  29. 29. Cellular columns A row of cellular columns - 3 (now MBNL), O2 then Vodafone - O2 column has been upgraded, likely the new CTIL site. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 29
  30. 30. Tri-sectored flagpole Multi-band tri-sectored flagpole antenna installation with feeders from cabin & ALU RRH for 2100MHz. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 30
  31. 31. Monopole 2G, 3G & 4G from street-works monopole providing additional capacity in area of high demand. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 31
  32. 32. Cellular street- works site Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 32
  33. 33. Cellular panel antennas Close up of new cellular panel antennas & MHA/LNA. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 33
  34. 34. Cell site Cell site built as a farm silo, careful choice of materials for cellular and microwave radio propagation. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 34
  35. 35. Antennae Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 35
  36. 36. Hutchinson Engineering column Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 36
  37. 37. Feeder entry Feeder entry to indoor base station equipment plus a microwave link Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 37
  38. 38. Busy rooftop A busy rooftop in Liverpool, CTIL & MBNL installations. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 38
  39. 39. 2 sets of space diverse flagpole onmi antennas Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 39
  40. 40. 3 cell sector site Limited visual impact from this 3 cell sector site on a church. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 40
  41. 41. Cell site One example of the diverse range of radio cell site designs, this site is GSM (2G) only . Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 41
  42. 42. WiFi - Hawaiian style Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 42
  43. 43. Antenna disguised as Palm tree in Hawaii Source: Andy Sutton 43
  44. 44. Two cell sectors Two cell sectors on a lighthouse in Hawaii. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 44
  45. 45. Monopole A heavily loaded monopole on Hawaii's Big Island - a real mix of older and modern equipment. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 45
  46. 46. Busy rooftop A busy rooftop in Hawaii, an example of how complex site design is with multi-operators, multi-RATs & multi- bands... Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 46
  47. 47. Omnidirectional Cross-Polar Vodafone G09 Monopole Installed in the late 90s as part of Vodafone/Nokia 'Northern Turnkey Project' Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 47
  48. 48. Omnidirectional Vodafone G09 'pitchfork' Mast. Cross-Polar Vodafone G09 Monopole Having previously been rather common, now a rare sight due to the high speed data revolution. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 48
  49. 49. Orange PCS 1800MHz 2G 'flagpole' and Vodafone 900MHz 2G panels 'hidden' on a Lighthouse in Withernsea, East Yorks. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 49
  50. 50. The Belmont transmitter A huge mast at more than 1000ft, located in beautiful rural Lincolnshire Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 50
  51. 51. Water Tower Had a hotel room with a view, all 4 mobile network operators on this water tower Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 51
  52. 52. Microcell antennas Three microcell antennas providing cellular capacity in a dense urban area Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 52
  53. 53. Cellular & backhaul at Liverpool airport. Example of planning/site providers moving from minimising visual impact to maximising capabilities Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 53
  54. 54. Cellular site in the South of France Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 54
  55. 55. One is never far from a microcell in central London Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 55
  56. 56. GSM1800 microcell part of the journey to our connected society. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 56
  57. 57. Microcells Microcell spotting in London Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 57
  58. 58. Microcell sites Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 58
  59. 59. Microcells One is GSM900 only while the other is GSM1800/UMTS2100 Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 59
  60. 60. MBNL & CTIL street- works supporting 2G, 3G & 4G radio access technologies Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 60
  61. 61. Macro towers Network consolidation is obvious on the old Mercury one2one tower on the left. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 61
  62. 62. Switch site tower Switch site tower with multi-operator radio access and loads of microwave. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 62
  63. 63. Shared tower Example of an 1800MHz GSM omni site installation among the others on this shared tower. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 63
  64. 64. Macro-cell tower An early evening sunset and a macro- cell tower supporting 2G, 3G & 4G. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 64
  65. 65. A unique looking tower Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 65
  66. 66. 2G (GSM) cell on gasometer Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 66
  67. 67. A multi-operator rooftop site supporting 800MHz, 1800MHz and 2100MHz (2600MHz ready antennas). Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 67
  68. 68. 3 sector 2100MHz flagpole now replaced by short sectored panels for multi-band operation Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 68
  69. 69. Omnidirectional Vodafone G09 'pitchfork' mast Having previously been rather common, now a rare sight due to the high speed data revolution. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 69
  70. 70. Cellular lamp post Yelverton, Devon. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 70
  71. 71. Local Access Antenna WISP using Ubiquiti Rocket 5GHz APs with Sectored Local Access Antennas and a Licensed Backhaul Microwave link. National Avenue, Hull. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 71
  72. 72. EE+3 temporary mast EE GL18 Huawei BTS3900a. EE/3 U21 from a Nokia Flexi Stack Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 72
  73. 73. Beacon Hill mast in Devon VodafoneUK 3G and 4G. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 73
  74. 74. 4G mast Woodbridge meadows, Guildford. ECI-e-utran 456450. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 74
  75. 75. New mobile antenna Source: DD4CD ©3G4G 75
  76. 76. The Port St Mary Mast Located at Port St Mary, Isle of Man. With Cellular. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 76
  77. 77. The Union Mill Mast Isle of Man. A UHF PSB TV relay of Douglas on channels 46, 43 and 40. It also carries Sure and Manx Telecom signals. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 77
  78. 78. Weymouth Transmitter UHF TV: 3PSBs at 400W BBC RADIO Vodafone: 900MHz 2G/3G, 2100MHz 3G, O2: 900MHz 2G/3G, 2100MHz 3G, EE: 1800MHz 2G/4G, 2100MHz 3G, 3:2100Mhz 3G Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 78
  79. 79. Marlbororugh Transmitter Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 79
  80. 80. Sudbury Transmitters Located near Sudbury, Suffolk. The two Sudbury transmitters. Sudbury B on left and A on right. Sudbury B only broadcasts the 3 COMs and only has half its top section of transmitting antennas. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 80
  81. 81. Emley Moor Freestanding Transmitter tower A 336m freestanding (not guyed) transmitter tower in Yorkshire. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 81
  82. 82. Plympton UHF Relay Mast The Plympton TV mast is on the left, whereas the right one appears predominantly cellular. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 82
  83. 83. Hannington Transmitter UHF DTV, Microwave, reserve DTV aerials, FM, Microwave, GSM antennas (possbily Vodafone). Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 83
  84. 84. 4G server The existing 4G server for the Isle of Portland, near DT5 1RA. VF and O2 on top stack with segregated GU as per early Cornerstone. Source: Peter Clarke ©3G4G 84
  85. 85. EE mast in Ashmore Park, by Linthouse Lane Source: Connor Graham ©3G4G 85
  86. 86. Monopole MBNL mast Source: Connor Graham ©3G4G 86
  87. 87. Redhill, Telford, Shropshire Source: Chris Wheats 87
  88. 88. Cell tower disguised as lamppost, Milton Keynes, UK Source: Rhizome Blog ©3G4G 88
  89. 89. BTS disguised as bricks, Lincoln, UK Source: Rhizome Blog ©3G4G 89
  90. 90. Cell tower disguised as pine tree, Stafford, UK Source: Rhizome Blog ©3G4G 90
  91. 91. Cell tower disguised as flagpole, Gorseinon, Wales Source: Rhizome Blog ©3G4G 91
  92. 92. Microcell installation Network consolidation is obvious on the old Mercury one2one tower on the left. Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 92
  93. 93. Legacy CSA vertical polarisation 1800 MHz antenna with Forum LNA, with a dedicated DC power feed, no bias-T Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 93
  94. 94. Phone tower for multiple bands, microwave backhauls, tetra and GPS timing receive antennas. Source: UHF Satcom ©3G4G 94
  95. 95. Microcell Recent mcirocell upgrade, 2G refresh and LTE1800, single sector 2G/3G/4G Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 95
  96. 96. Wray Castle Wray Castle's Facebook page. Look closely to spot 2 sets of omni antennas, one 900MHz, the other 1800MHz Source: Andy Sutton ©3G4G 96
  97. 97. EE tethered, powered Helikite The Helikite (Helium = kite) and Drone solutions are designed to provide temporary coverage not only in case of emergency but also in case of floods, power failures, fiber breaks, etc Source : 3G4G Blog 97
  98. 98. AT&T’s ‘flying COWs’ AT&T ‘s LTE-enabled drones. To be deployed if networks go down in the event of a disaster, to assist in scenarios like forest fires, or for large events like concerts. Source: ZDNet ©3G4G 98
  99. 99. Project Loon Project Loon could be a model for relief during future natural disasters, with the potential to increase connectivity and communication when it's needed most. Source: Mashable 99
  100. 100. EE Temporary Mast and Rapid Response Vehicle Source: EE ©3G4G 100
  101. 101. EE temporary mast At Glastonbury UK music festival Source : Pedroc 101
  102. 102. Autonomous and portable LTE solution Source: Telefonica ©3G4G 102
  103. 103. Thank You To learn more, visit: 3G4G Website – 3G4G Blog – 3G4G Small Cells Blog – Follow us on Twitter: Follow us on Linkedin: ©3G4G