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10 Principles of 3D Printing: The Promise & Peril of a Machine that can Make (Almost) Anything


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Where will 3D printing technologies take us? 3D printing technologies offer great promise. They shrink traditional barriers of complexity, skill and design constraints, enabling new business models, novel products, and a new aesthetic. 3D printing technologies will unleash new perils, such as thorny intellectual property issues, DIY crime, and threats to consumer safety. This talk offered a glimpse into the future by examining ten core principles that make 3D printing a disruptive technology.

From the 2013 Taking Shape Summit: Additive Manufacturing: 3D Printing--Beyond Rapid Prototyping.

Published in: Business, Technology
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10 Principles of 3D Printing: The Promise & Peril of a Machine that can Make (Almost) Anything

  1. 1. Keynote Melba Kurman Author, FABRICATED
  2. 2. Ten Principles of 3D printing: the promise and peril of a machine that can make (almost) anything Melba Kurman Co-author, Fabricated: the New World of 3D Printing Triple Helix Innovation
  3. 3. Coming soon Japanese, Arabic, German, Hebrew
  4. 4. • • • • • When complexity gets cheaper Ten reasons why 3D printing is disruptive Risks & challenges (the perils) 3D printing applications & market size New business models (the promise)
  5. 5. When complexity gets cheaper
  6. 6. Complexity = time and money 3D printing technologies shrinks the cost of • • • • Geometric complexity Design prototyping Assembly Customization Complex customization becomes cheaper
  7. 7. Changing the equation Image source Enrico Dini
  8. 8. Cheap power
  9. 9. Cheap calculations & communications
  10. 10. Why now? A perfect storm Design software Cheap computing power Compressed product design cycles Fast and ubiquitous Internet Secrecy to defeat counterfeiting New materials Medical imaging Cheap hardware
  11. 11. Ten reasons why 3D printing is a disruptive technology Earl Stewart
  12. 12. Manufacturing complexity is free Oak Ridge Laboratories
  13. 13. Variety is free Adjunct Engineering, LLC
  14. 14. No assembly required Image Objet/Stratasys
  15. 15. Manufacturing footprint is small and versatile Sendero Group Travel Blog
  16. 16. Shorter lead time to product-in-hand Made in Space
  17. 17. Skill lies in the design file, not the human operator CADSpan, Inc. CADSpan, Inc.
  18. 18. Less waste by-product Northwest Polytechnic University
  19. 19. Print materials in infinite blends Image: Cornell Creative Machines Lab
  20. 20. David Own, Natasha Ganjee Rip, mix and burn the physical world
  21. 21. New design possibilities Custom Bone Implants,
  22. 22. Risks & Challenges
  23. 23. No manufacturing standards (yet)
  24. 24. Consumer safety “Consumer 2 Consumer” manufacturing Taylor Alexander
  25. 25. Intellectual property
  26. 26. Jonathan Butcher, Cornell New ethical challenges
  27. 27. Printed weapons 3D printed weapons 3D printed gun parts. Photo by Michael Thad Carter for Forbes
  28. 28. Market & Applications
  29. 29. Today: How industries use 3D printing Source: Wohlers Associates, 2013
  30. 30. Applications for 3D printing Data source: Wohler Associates, 2012
  31. 31. Where from here? 3D printed manufacturing $2.3 billion WW in 2012* Global manufacturing $20 trilllion U.S. manufacturing $3 trillion *Wohlers Report, 2012
  32. 32. New business models
  33. 33. University of Nevada, DeLaMare Library
  34. 34. Shapeways Michael Mueller
  35. 35. Ultimaker “The fast, easy to use, Open-source 3D printer”
  36. 36. Align Technology Invisalign, Align Technology
  37. 37. KingThink $1,086.25. “The ZBOT 3D Printer will let you be a leader in the Third Industrial Revolution.”
  38. 38. Nervous System
  39. 39. What’s next?
  40. 40. As barriers of cost, skill & time fall away… Businesses designing and selling… • Low cost, custom printed living tissue • Parts optimized for performance that are designed with computer algorithms • Product trials that are launched in direct response to customer demand, that “Scale up from one” • Custom biomedical devices • Printed circuits and oddly shaped batteries • Custom products, on-demand, aimed at a market-of-one • Services to manage digital rights and authentication • And … You fill in the rest….
  41. 41. Thank you Melba Kurman
  42. 42. Appendix
  43. 43. 3D printing technologies reduce cost and time barriers “In the past, performance worked against speed: the more tests you did to get that optimal performance, the longer it took. When complexity is free, the design-to-test-to-refineto-manufacture process for some components is being reduced from two years to a week.” -- Thomas Friedman, New York Times