CONTENT1. Group Members Name2. Overview of Australia3. Underlying Philosophy4. History/evolution of system5. Comparison of Types of Child Care System6. Availability7. Accessibility8. Role of ECE/training9. Bibliography
GROUP MEMBERS Kazi Taslima SultanaNazmun Naher Begum Amna Mohammed Nur Shova PuriWaheda BegumAfshana Banu
OVERVIEW OF AUSTRALIAAustralia is located in southeast of Asia, betweenthe Pacific and Indian oceans, the worlds smallestcontinent, is almost completely surrounded byocean expanses Capital of Australia is Canberra Area – 7.7 million sq km Population – 22 million Australia is Democratic republic Primary language English Currency – Australian Dollar
UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY Australia Canada- Respect children and - Montessori diversity -The thematic approach- Support parents involvement -The behaviorist Approach-Expectation for children - High scope-Reflective practice -Bank street module- Children right is important -Reggio Emilia-Equity and inclusion -Emergent (the practise- Respect Australia aboriginal curriculum in Canada) and Torres strait islanders cultures- Health and safety of children- (EYLF), (NQF), (NQS)
HISTORY/EVOLUATION OF SYSTEM Australia Canada1938: Australian Pre-school 1920-1930: The institute of child study isAssociation began. founded . .1966: To increase the Day Care facility 1939-1945: 28 Pre school & 42 schoolworking Committee formed. aged centre started.1970: 560 Private child care centre 1946: The Day Nurseries Actopened. established.1979: The establishment of child care 1966: Canada Assistance Actcenters recommended. introduced.
HISTORY/EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM Australia Canada1993: Introduced child care quality 1981: Ontario coalition for Betterassurance. Child care established.2008: National Partnership 2003: Universal Child Care formed.Agreement on BCE endorsed byGovernment. 2006: UCC replaced by Universal Child Care Benefit.2010: The National Quality Standardestablished.
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaLong Day Care Regulated Child Care• Care for children from birth to school age • Regulated child care refers to child care• They are open eight hours a day services that are regulated by provincial and• Run by Private operators, local councils, territorial licensing or monitoring standards community organizations and non-profit such as Child Care Centre organizations • Regulatory body provide licenseFamily Day Care Private Child Care Centres are independently• Home based care for children aged up-to managed by the owner/operator of the 12 years service.• Care provided by registered caregivers at Most of them are controlled by regulatory caregiver’s home. board.• Monitored by Local FDC coordination unitsPre-school Nursery Schools• Planned educational program for • They offer preschool children 2 to 5 years children between 3 and 5 years. of• Operation hours 9:00am and 3:00pm age with an introductory learning• Most of them run by government and experience, some are run by private sector either in the morning or afternoon.
Comparison of Types of Child Care System Australia CanadaBefore / After School Care Public Child Care• Provide supervised care and recreation Public child care run municipal and regional for primary school children. governments in Ontario such as after school• Hours of operation is 7.00 – 9.00 am and 3.00 – 6.00 pm After School and Recreation Care• Run by community, private organizations • It is unlicensed programs for children aged 6 and Government to 12 years offered by Toronto Parks, Forestry and Recreation.Occasional Care Service Licensed Home Child Care• Provide short periods of care for children • They offer early learning birth to under school age. and care, in approved homes, for children• Hours and days of operation varies. from 0 to 12 years.• Run by Community and non-profit organizations, and local councils.Nanny Unregulated child care in Canada include• Employed by the family on either a live-in or • Informal parental care, a live-out basis for care of children. • Care by relatives, and• This service may be or not registered. • Care within or outside the family home by caregivers such as babysitters and nannies.
AVAILABILITY Canada Australia•There are about 4,000 licensed •Around 250,000 childrenchildcare centres attended both formal care and• there are 140 licensed private informal carehome care agencies in Ontario •About 2 million children had no• subsidies are available for usual child care arrangementsworking and low income family •Demand for child care is set to increase in the future is projected to grow by around 500,000 children by 2020. •Subsidies are available for Long day care and family day care services
AVAILABILITY Canada Australia●There are about 4,600 ●Around 250,000 children licensed childcare attended both formal care and informal care centres ●About 2 million children had●There are 140 licensed no usual child care private home care arrangements agencies in Ontario ●Demand for child care is set to increase in the future is●Subsidies are projected to grow by available for working around 500,000 children by and low income 2020. family ●Subsidies are available for Long day care and family day care services
ACCESSIBILITY Australia Ontario► 871,107 children in approved ► In Toronto 20000 children receive childcarechild care in 2009 ► Budget cut for childcare in 2012►Early childhood education and carefunding doubled in recent years ► Financial supports► Financial supports ●Canada Child Tax Benefit●Child care benefit ● OCCS ( Ontario Child Care Supplement )● Child care Rebate ●OCB ( Ontario Child Benefit )☺New benefits to come● Occasional care service●JET Child care fee assistant● Childcare service support
ROLE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS Australia OntarioEarly Years Learning Framework: Assesses children’s developmental Provides a direction to work for ECE needs & stages in all developmental about intent, pedagogy & outcomes domains for children’s learning. Design curriculum to address children’s Responsible for implement EYLF identified needs & interests Assessment, document, reporting on Plans programs and environments for children’s outcomes. play and activities to help children’s developmental progress Provide an active learning environment for children. Maintain healthy, emotional and social learning contexts for children Provide a variety of experiences & activities to develop motor skills, Reports to parents and supervisors on cooperative social skills, confidence children’s developmental progress and understanding. Promote language development. Observe nutritional health, welfare and safety needs of children Discuss Childrens progress with parents
TRAINING OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORTwo types of Formal education Academic Requirement: & Training: ●Diploma or degree of early● VES (Vocational Education and childhood education Training) ●The program must be at least 4● Certificate III in children’s semesters in length Services ●Graduate need to register with the●Diploma Of Children’s Services College of Early Childhood Educators (Early Childhood Education and Care) ●General Education Requirement:●Advanced Diploma of Children’s ● Consists of 3 course Services ●Approximately 45 instructional hours:● HE(Higher Education) Civic life:● University and Non-university Cultural understanding: higher education Personal development:●Three & Four years’ education Social understanding: with an early childhood Science: specialisation Work and economy:●Qualifications by registered training organisations (RTOs)