Centennial College Early Childhood Education ProgramThe Healthy Development of the Whole child (ECEP – 103) Section: 002 The Virtual Child (Infant and Toddler) Submitted To: Chris Cadieux Submitted by: Farhana Yeasmin Student ID: 300648850 Date of Submission: Nov.07, 2011
The Infant Years (0-4 Months) How does your baby’s physical, social/emotional and intellectual domains compare to the developmental milestones patterns? Is it typical?Developmental Answer Prove It (give examples Example (give examples from the book) Domain (Your original thoughts) from your reports) (cite your references) (Cite your references) My baby Aman After 8 hours of When a fetus is in distress, a doctor might want to remove it from was born by C- labor, Aman got the mother’s uterus surgically by performing a Caesarean section. section and she is distress. The (Children A chronological approach, P. 98) Physical typically a healthy doctor did a C- baby. She is cection. After ten A score of 7 or more indicates a baby in good physical condition. meeting her minutes Aman was (Children A chronological approach, p.100) developmental born. Her Apgar milestones. score was 7- By 3 or 4 month age, babies have the perceptual skills that allow 8.(virtual child them to begin to distinguish individual faces. (Children A reports, 0 months) chronological approach, p.142) Aman is able to focus her eyes on you. She spends a lot of time studying your face and the faces of anyone
who comes close to her. (virtual child reports, at 3 months) I felt a hormonal After only a week Crying is actually the newborn’s first attempt to communicate with connection with with Aman. You others. When a baby cries, it tells its parents that its hungry tired, Aman. She is can already feel a angry, or hurt. (Children A chronological approach, P. 101) Social / developing her hormonalEmotional expressional connection when skills. She cries Aman cries, you when she is begin lactate. hungry. She (virtual child smiles when she report, 0 months) feels happy. Aman smiles at familiar people and toys. (my virtual child report, 3 months) She is showing typical age At the three month An infant might smile when she hears the family dog collar because appropriate activities. She of age, Aman is she knows the dog is coming to play with her. (Children A is getting more interested showing more chronological approach, P. 162)Intellectual about her surroundings. intense interest in
her surroundings. She laughs at surprising funny things (such as a little dog), and is developing lots of cute little habits. (virtual child reports, 3 months) The Infant Years (5-8 Months) How does your baby’s physical, social/emotional and intellectual domains compare to the developmental milestones patterns? Is it typical?Developmental Answer Prove It (give examples Example (give examples from the book) Domain (Your original thoughts) from your reports) (cite your references) (cite your references) Aman’s motor skills are She is crawling, sitting up, Locomotion chart (Children A chronological approach, P. 127) typical for her age. and standing up, but not walking yet. ( virtual child Physical report, 8 months)
It seems Aman is acting as Aman is sometimes a little a typical baby when she reluctant to part from you Baby’s first day in daycare. - gets a separation from me at daycare and starts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rATauyZj2BM&feature=related Social / or her dad. crying. She usually getsEmotional over it quickly after you leave. (virtual child report, 8 months) Aman demonstrates by Aman is able to find a At 8 months, infants search for objects, but their understanding of her attitude that she loves hidden object… she really object permanence remains in complete. (Children A chronological to play search for object likes this hiding game and approach, P. 155)Intellectual which is a very typical for shows by her interest that 8 months old baby. For she wants it repeated. the object permanent However if you hide the
test, she strongly searches object in the same place in the old place for object repeatedly, and then like all other babies. change the hiding place, Aman has a strong tendency to look in the old hiding place, and get confused about where the object is, or forget about it. (This curious error was first discovered by Piaget). (virtual child report, 8 months) The Infant Years (9-12 Months)How does your baby’s physical, social/emotional and intellectual domains compare to the developmental milestones patterns? Is it typical?
Developmental Answer Prove It (give examples from your Example (give examples from the book) Domain (Your original thoughts) reports) (cite your references) (cite your references) Aman’s physical growth is Her pediatrician’s report said Aman is As children cannot get all of their typically normal physically healthy. The doctor nutritional needs met after six months of recommends a greater variety of baby age from breast milk alone, solid foods Physical food. (virtual child 9 months pediatrician’s should be introduced. (Children A report) chronological approach, P. 115) Her social emotional expression is She likes me or my partner’s attachment, Attachment between infant and mother typical. but become very careful when meet new usually occurs by 8 or 9months of age, but people. “Aman has an obvious attachment the can take different forms. (Children A Social / to you over other people, but seems to chronological approach, P. 187 ) Emotional have fun playing with your partner. She was cautious at first with the nurse and doctor, a normal reaction to strangers at this age,”(9 months old pediatrician’s report) Aman is typically interested in Children in secure attachment
other children. I think she is When we visit in a local park Aman and relationships have higher-quality growing up in a secure other children are interested in each friendships and fewer conflicts in their attachment relationship. other. (virtual child report, 12 months) friendships than children with insecure attachment relationships. (Children A chronological approach, P. 190 ) Aman typically becomes more When I am hiding the object in front of her At about 12 months, rather than accepting confident and perfect in hiding and switching places she searches in both that the object has just disappeared, objects game. places. “When you switch it to the second infants know it is still in existenceIntellectual hiding place, she no longer has the somewhere. (Children A chronological problem you saw earlier of searching at approach, P. 155) the more common of the two hiding places.”(virtual child report ) Aman is showing that she is quite intellectual according to her age. She began to understand a few words and When the ability to produce sound is point to something she wanted. She coupled with the 1-year-olds advanced clearly understand couple of dozen of ability to perceive speech sounds, the words. “In face, Aman just recently stage is set for the infant’s first true pronounced her first clear word and words. Soon after their first birthday, most pointed at the object in question.” (virtual infants begin to talk. (Children A child report) chronological approach, P. 170)
The Toddler Years (2 Years old) How is your child progressing based on typical toddler development? Give specific examples in the areas of Physical, Social / Emotional and Intellectual domains.Developmental Answer Prove It (give examples from the report Example (give examples from the book) Domain (Your original thoughts) (cite your references) (cite your references) Aman is typically experimenting She pushes her bath toys under water at In piaget’s view, children formulate a with the things in her surrounding various depths and delightedly watches grand, comprehensive theory that environments like a scientist. how high they pop back above the surface. attempts to explain an enormous variety Physical (virtual child report, 15 months) of phenomena – including reasoning about objects, people, and morals – within a common framework. More recent views maintain the idea of children as theorists but propose that children, like scientists,
develop specialized theories about much narrower areas. (Children A chronological approach, P. 156) Aman is showing some complex Past few months she smiles when asked to Complex emotions depend on the child’s Social / emotion in her behavior, and I be in photographs, looking guilty when she reflexive understanding of the self, whichEmotional think this is very normal for a breaks something and embarrassment typically occurs between 15 to 18 months baby in her age. when she has a potty accident. (virtual children feel guilty or embarrassed, for child report, 2 years) example, when they have done something they shouldn’t have done. (Children A chronological approach, P. 182 - 183) I think Aman is meetings her She acts shy when looking in the mirror, We don’t need to rely solely on the mirror milestones of self-concept which uses the word “me” a lot, and wants to do task to know that self-awareness emerges is really very typical for an 18- things herself. (virtual child report, 18 between 18 an 24 months. During thisIntellectual month-old baby. month) period, toddlers look more at photographs of themselves than at photos of other children. Like Meagan in the vignette, they also refer to themselves by name or with a personal pronoun, such as “I” “me”.
(Children A chronological approach, P.She tries to copy action or word 199) normally like other babies. Aman is able to imitate actions or words that she has seen or heard days before. This greatly expands her ability to learn new things. (virtual child report)
The Infant Years (Birth to 12 Months Old) Example: Identify specific health and safety considerations that you will have to consider during the infant years. How will you address these issues? Hand washing: Proper hand washing is essential tokeeping infants healthy as their immune system is low. “Hand washing is the most important health practice that parents /educators and children must implement to reduce the spread of infection.”(Pimento, page 129) This is seen when my baby hadmany colds and ear infections within the first year. Although it is common for infants to catch colds and infections, I need to useproper hand washing.Now add your next point…Introducing new food:Breast milk or infant formula is the first food of a baby, but after six month these food is not enough for infant’s health. For theproper nutrition of infants’ body, it is very essential to feed nutritious semi solid food. “Remember that young infants’ primarynutrition comes from the breast milk or formula until they are eating a variety food and in enough quantity to ensure they aregetting the essential nutrients, usually around nine months of age.”(Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 225) Whenmy baby was nine months old her pediatritician recommended a greater variety of baby food and ground up vegetables for propergrowth and nutrition. In that time it is very important for baby to introduce each group of food every day. I will introduce new foodsto my child.
Immunizations:Different types of disease like as polio, rubella, measles etc. can be prevented by Immunizations. It is very important for every childto get immunized. This is a vital moment for infants because immunization starts at infant age. Especially this time infants getscautious about new people like doctor/nurse, and they cries a lot. “Some parents have decided not to immunize their children forreligious, moral, or other reasons." (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 128) This is going to be a big health problemfor child. I will complete vaccination doze properly for my baby.Diapering routines:Maintain the diapering routine properly is an important issue for infant’s healthcare. Children with diaper need an extra monitoringbecause this can be the cause of several health problem or contamination. “Posting a diapering routine by the changing area acts asa reminder for educators and parents. However, regular monitoring of the educator’s diapering technique helps ensure that theroutine is properly implemented all the time.” (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 135) Even though my baby is athome, I will maintain the routine properly to prevent the spread of germs.Cleaning and Sanitizing:Cleaning and sanitizing is very important for preventing of spreading infections. Leak of the cleaning and sanitizing can cause a lot ofhealth problem for infants. “The rationale for the cleaning and sanitizing routines in programs is to have staff focus on objects andsurfaces that pose the greatest risk to children and staff.” (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 139) Infants put toysin their mouth and they try to touch everything so it is really important to clean and sanitize their toys and surfaces every day. I willclean and sanitize my baby’s toys and the surface every day.
The Toddler Years (1-2 years) Food safety practices: This is an important issue for infant’s Identify specific health and safety considerations that you will have to consider during the health. Leak of food and safety toddler years. How will you address these issues? practices can be cause of foodborne illnesses. “Foodborne illnesses areusually caused by bacteria or by toxins produced by bacteria. Some types of foodborne illnesses are very serious (e.g., Clostridiumbotulinum, or botulism, which is rare but can be deadly), whereas others (e.g., clostridium perfringens) produce symptoms such asmild abdominal pain, diarrhea, and nausea and usually last a day or less.” (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 274)So we need to very cautious for food safety practices.Risk of falling:By the age of 1-2 year children start to stand using support and walking. This is very risky time for them. In this time usually they usefurniture to pull themselves while they are standing. So it is really important to make a safe environment for them. I will remove allvulnerable furniture and hanging materials like table cloths, and remove all the staff they can bump on. [ How to Make Your Home Safe andFun For Babys First Steps - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJw9IIutLcM&feature=fvsr ]Germ and infection:
In this age children play lots of sensory motor activities like water and sand play, and they become to the attachment of otherchildren. They can easily get affected by different types of germs, for example, diarrhea, flu, pinkeye etc. “Although the water tableis an important medium for learning, a pool of water can be easily contaminated and spread germs among the children using it.”(Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 141) I will change the water of water table and sanitize it every day. I will alsokeep separate the children from others who have infectious dieses while play in the water or sand table.Hand washing:Hand washing is also a important thing for 1-2 year old children’s health and safety. In this age they touch everything and try to putthose things in their mouth. Hand washing is the effective way to protect the most of the germs. “Just as it is important for us towash our hands, it is equally important for all children to wash their hands. Effective hand washing is one of the health habits weneed to develop for a life time.” (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 132) I will maintain hand washing rule properlyfor me and my children as well.Choking hazards:In 1-2 years children try to feed themselves. In this time they try to pick anything they see on the floor and put in their mouth. So itdoes really need to be careful about the things with they are eating of playing. The toys which are very small and can pass throughthe hole of toilet paper rolls can be the cause of choking. The size of food pieces is also a great cause of choking for children. “Therisk of choking is high whenever children are given foods that are not developmentally appropriate. All children must be supervisedwhen they are eating.” (Healthy Foundations in early childhood settings – P 274) I will keep those small sized toy away from her andserve food that are appropriately chopped, and also supervise her well while she is eating.
Risk of Drowning:This is the age when children love to toddle around. Sometimes they skip mom or caregivers eyes and play alone with bucket full ofwater or water pool, and can drown in to the water.Caregivers need to have a high quality CPR training so she /he can save the life. To protect this type of accident I will use supervision,remove all hazards (bucket full water), and put fence on the pool to protect child from entrance, and I will also complete my CPRtraining. [ baby drowning - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MU7_C7zQOS8 ] The preschool/school Years
Think ahead to what might happen to your virtual child in the preschool and school-age years, why do you think thesemight happen? Predict their development in the physical domain, social/emotional domain and the cognitive language domain. Explain why you think this might happen and link to your book and other resources.Developmental Answer Prove It (give examples Example (give examples from the book) Domain (Your original from your reports) (cite your references) thoughts) (Cite your references) My virtual child will According to her2 year’s “In addition, preschooler children become develop her gross old virtual child report, much more proficient at coordination the motor skills. “her gross motor skills motions of their arms and legs.” (Children A Physical were typical for her age. chronological approach, P. 218) The specialist recommended more outdoor activities and games of all types.” She is going to develop her gross motor skills in by those “Preschool children become much more activities. dexterous, able to make many precise and delicate movements with their hands and She is doing well at “She is above average in fingers.” (Children A chronological approach, P. working with pencil. I copying shapes with a 219) think she will develop pencil.” (virtual child her fine motor skills report)
in that age. Aman will develop “Aman was generally not [Mariah will not put up with this! - her group work very aggressive, but at the http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6pRv4ry- activities with other one point became Mc&feature=related ] Social / children in the somewhat aggressive overEmotional preschool / school a favorite toy, and had to age. be reminded by the group leader to share.”(virtual child report) Aman’s language “Aman’s scores on “By the time children enter the preschool development is measures of language years, an extraordinary amount of cognitive typical to her age. It is comprehension and development has taken place.” (Children ACognitive going to be increase production were in the chronological approach, P. 237)language in preschool/school average range” (virtual
age. child report) The specialist Aman’s problem recommended that help solving skills is Aman “talk through” thetypically average her step in solving problem. [Language for Learning: Preschoolers- uncaptioned age. Now she can (virtual child report) -solve more than two http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5AL1IDGCVAo ] steps and grouping objects together in categories. She will building up more problem solving ability inpreschool/school age.
Bibliography Barbara Pimento & Deborah Kernested, Healthy Foundations in Early childhood Settings (Fourth Edition): Nelson Education, 2010 Robert V. Kail & Theresa Zolner, Children A Chronological Approach (Third Canadian Edition): Pearson Canada, Toronto, 2010 Ages and Stages: A brief Overview Birth to 12 years National Network for child care