GROUP MEMBERS:SYED ABDUL REHMANSHOAIB AHMED PITAFIRANA WAQAR ALIIRFAN SAIFULLAHPRESENTED TO: APERNA KUMARI<br />
BHAGAT KABIR<br />Bura Jo Dekhan Main Chala, Bura Naa Milya KoyeJo Munn Khoja Apnaa, To Mujhse Bura Naa Koye<br />न मैं जप मैं, न मैं तप मैंन मैं बरत उपबास मैं<br />
Dukh Mein Simran Sab Kare, Sukh Mein Kare Na KoyeJo Sukh Mein Simran Kare, Tau Dukh Kahe Ko Hoye<br />
Bhagat Kabir was a revolutionary saint-poet of the Bhakti Movement. He placed emphasis on the equality and fraternity of all mankind. Once Bhagat Kabir was going to sell cloth he had made himself. He met some Sadhus on the way to whom he gave the entire cloth free of cost. <br />
<ul><li> Saint Kabir Das (kabir, Arabic for "great", dasa, Sanskrit for "slave" or "servant"), is widely acknowledged as one of the great personality of the Bhakti movement in North India. He was as is widely acknowledged born in Year 1398 A.D.Kabirpanthis (followers of Kabir) say that he lived upto the age of 120 years and give date of his death as 1518, but relying on the research of Hazari Prased Trivedi, a British Scholar Charlotte Vaudenville is inclined to lend credence to these dates and has prooven that 1448 is probably the correct date of Saint Kabir's demise.</li></li></ul><li>"I am a sacrifice to You, O my True Guru.You have cut through all my confusion and doubt."<br />Kabir is a very important figure in Indian history. He is unusual in that he is spiritually significant to Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims alike. Kabir openly criticized all sects and gave a new direction to the Indian philosophy. Kabir touches the soul, the conscience, the sense of awareness and the vitality of existence in a manner that is unequalled in both simplicity and style.<br />मो को कहां धुंढ़े रे बंदेमैं तो तेरे पास मैं<br />
<ul><li> Kabir Many legends abound about the birth, life and death of Kabir, one of India's most quoted poets and mystics. His birth itself is shrouded in mystery, some say he was the son of a Brahman widow, others that he was of virgin birth, what is known though is that he was brought up in a family of Muslim weavers. He was never formally educated and was almost completely illiterate. According to legend, the only word that he ever learned how to write was "Rama".early in his life Kabir became a disciple of the Hindu bhakti saint Ramananda. It was unusual for a Hindu teacher to accept a Muslim student, but tradition says the young Kabir found a creative way to overcome all objections</li></li></ul><li>Legend says that he reliquished his body when he was about 120 years old. There is a famous legend about his death; When he died, his Hindu and Muslim followers started fighting about the last rites. When they lifted the cloth covering his body, they found flowers instead. The Muslim followers buried their half and the Hindu cremated thier half. In Maghar near Gorakhpur., his tomb and samadhi still stand side by side.<br />न मंदीर मैं, न मस्जिद मैंन काबे कैलास मैं<br />Kabira Khara Bazaar Mein, Mange Sabki KhairNa Kahu Se Dosti, Na Kahu Se Bair<br />
The famous gurbani by Bhagat kabir ji:<br /> “Gagan Damama Baajooh pariho nishaan-e- ghao, khet jo maandyo surma aab jujhan ka tao, Sura so pahchaniye jo lare deen ke het, purja purja kate marhe kabho na chhade khet”.<br />
NELSON MANDELA<br />"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. " <br />- Nelson Mandela <br />
<ul><li> Nelson Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918.He was the son of a local tribal leader of the Tembu tribe.
As a youngster Nelson, took part in the activities and initiation ceremonies of his local tribe. However, unlike his father Nelson Mandela gained a full education, studying at the University College of Fort Hare and also the University of Witwatersrand. Nelson was a good student and qualified with a law degree in 1942.</li></ul>During his time at University Nelson Mandela became increasingly aware of the racial inequality and injustice faced by non white people. In 1994, he decided to join the ANC and actively take part in the struggle against apartheid.<br />
<ul><li> During his time in prison, Mandela became increasingly well known throughout the world. Mandela became the best known black leader and opposition to the apartheid regime.
Largely unbeknown to Mandela, his continued imprisonment led to world wide pressure for his release. </li></ul>From the mid 1980s, the apartheid regime increasingly began to negotiate with the ANC and Mandela in particular.<br />On many occasions, Mandela was offered a conditional freedom. However, he always refused wishing to put the political ideals of the ANC above his own freedom.<br />
Nelson Mandela Quotes<br />" I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people. Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today. I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands.“<br />From Nelson Mandela’s speech on the day of his release Cape Town, 11 Feb 1990<br />
ZULIFKAR ALI BHUTO<br />Born:5-Jan-1928Birthplace: Larkana, PakistanDied:4-Apr-1979Location of death:Rawalpindi, PakistanCause of death:ExecutionRemains: Buried, Garhi Khuda Baksh, Larkana, Pakistan<br />
<ul><li> Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928, in Larkana, a small town in the province of Sind. Although he came from a major landowning family in Larkana, he was brought up in cosmopolitan Bombay, away from the feudal environment of his ancestral home.
After completing his high school education in Bombay, he proceeded to the University of California at Berkeley from which he graduated in 1950 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science.
At Berkeley he became interested in socialism and delivered several lectures on the feasibility of socialism in Islamic countries--a theme which would dominate his party's manifesto 20 years later. Bhutto continued his education at Oxford, where he studied law.</li></li></ul><li>Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979), Pakistan's president and then prime minister, mobilized his country's first mass-based political party around a socialist ideology and highly independent foreign policy<br />
Pakistan had been under military rule by a government headed by Ayub Khan since 1958. Bhutto, who served as minister of foreign affairs until asked to resign in 1966, realized that the toleration of the people for repressive government was diminishing. He felt that this adverse situation presented an ideal opportunity for him to assume leadership of Pakistan. In December 1967 Bhutto formed his own political party, the Pakistan People's Party, whose manifesto promised to alleviate the lot of the urban and rural workers and advocated an equitable distribution of wealth. His program not only appealed to the lower income groups but was supported by the urban intelligentsia which was seeking an end to the military regime and felt that Bhutto offered a new and dynamic plan and a necessary alternative to traditional religious parties<br />
<ul><li>Pakistan's defeat in the 1971 war with India led to the creation of Bangladesh. Bhutto, with the strongest party in the remaining western wing of the country, replaced Gen.
Mohammad Yahiya Khan as president. In April 1973 Bhutto became prime minister under a new constitution. His six years in office were marked by extensive nationalization of industries, banks, and educational institutions.</li></ul> Bhutto's policies, aimed at reducing the power of such traditional economic forces as major businessmen and feudal landlords, were well intentioned but lacked sufficient consideration of economic realities.<br />His government's economic policies were implemented hastily by bureaucrats who did not have the requisite management skills and background. Consequently, the economy became chaotic and left most sections of society disaffected with the policies.<br />
While Bhutto's policies in the domestic sphere were harshly criticized, his foreign policy won him some acclaim. He was intent on asserting Pakistan's role in international affairs and strove to fulfill his earlier ideal of Pakistan as a leader of developing countries. <br />He attempted to pursue a foreign policy independent of both superpowers, which brought him into considerable conflict with the United States, especially over the issue of Pakistan's nuclear program<br />
“I have no hesitation in saving that my most passionate love affair, my most thrilling romance has been with the people.<br />There is an indissoluble marriage between politics and the people. That is why ‘Man is a political animal’ and the state a political theatre.”<br />
Bhutto’s lines had been written for a statesman and a demagogue – once in the character of a prisoner, he found no appropriate speech. On one hand, he wrote My Dearest Daughter, a political testament for the young Benazir Bhutto that, although affecting and exalted in tone (“What gift can I give you from this cell out of which my hand cannot pass? I give you the hand of the people.”)<br />ZULIFKAR BHUTTO’S DAUGHTER<br />BENAZIER BHUTTO<br />
He was deposed in a bloodless coup by Gen. Zia ul-Haq on July 5, 1977. Several charges were brought against him, including the murder while in power of a political opponent's father. He was sentenced to death and was hanged on April 4, 1979, despite appeals for clemency by world leaders and international organizations.<br />
The sentence was carried out today in 1979. At the last moment, Bhutto tried to write his will but, finding the burden of historic last words too heavy, burned the result. <br />
MOTHER TERESA<br />Mother Teresa, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, attained world wide fame for her life dedicated to serving the poor and destitute.<br />"It is not how much we do, but how much love we put in the doing. It is not how much we give, but how much love we put in the giving."<br />
<ul><li>Mother Teresa was born (1910) in Skopje, capital of the Republic of Macedonia. Little is known about her early life, but at a young age she felt a calling to serve through helping the poor.
At the age of 18 she was given permission to join a group of nuns in Ireland. After a few months of training Mother Teresa travelled to Calcutta, India where she formally accepted the vows of a nun.</li></ul>"Love cannot remain by itself -- it has no meaning. Love has to be put into action, and that action is service ."<br />
<ul><li> In her early years she worked as a teacher in the slums of Calcutta, the widespread poverty made a deep impression on her and this led to her starting a new order called “The Missionaries of Charity”.
The primary objective of this mission was to look after people, who nobody else was prepared to. Mother Teresa felt that serving others was a key principle of the teachings of Jesus Christ. She often mentioned the saying of Jesus,</li></ul>"Whatever you do to the least of my brethren, you do it to me."<br />
Awards Mother Teresa :<br />The first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize. (1971)<br />* Kennedy Prize (1971)* The Nehru Prize –“for promotion of international peace and understanding”(1972)* Albert Schweitzer International Prize (1975),* The Nobel Peace Prize (1979)* States Presidential Medal of Freedom (1985)* Congressional Gold Medal (1994)* Honorary citizenship of the United States (November 16, 1996), <br />
When Mother Teresa received the prize, she was asked, <br />"What can we do to promote world peace”?<br />Her answer was simple: <br />"Go home and love your family .“<br /><ul><li> Over the last two decades of her life, Mother Teresa suffered various health problems but nothing could dissuade her from fulfilling her mission of serving the poor and needy. Until her very last illness she was active in travelling around the world to the different branches of "The Missionaries of Charity"</li></li></ul><li>“Mother Teresa was a living saint who offered a great example and inspiration to the world”.<br />