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The Private Sector and Sustainable Development: Friend or Foe?

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The Private Sector and Sustainable Development: Friend or Foe?

  1. 1. The Private Sector and Sustainable Development: Friend or Foe? Dr. Julia Glidden 21c Consultancy Astana Economic Forum Astana, Kazakhstan 21-22 May 2015
  2. 2. .Sustainable Development Goals….
  3. 3. Rooted in a Vision of the Past….
  4. 4. Where People Came First…
  5. 5. Private Sector Goals
  6. 6. Rooted in a Monetised Vision of the ‘Future’.
  7. 7. Locked in Constant Battle….
  8. 8. There are Some ‘Sustainability’Exceptions….
  9. 9. • Silo picture But Isolated, Fragmented, Subsidised….
  10. 10. The Question is….
  11. 11. A New Meeting Point…
  12. 12. With Millions of Citizen Sensors
  13. 13. Unleashing Innovation Everywhere….
  14. 14. Collecting Data about Everything, Everywhere
  15. 15. …With the Consumer is the Driver
  16. 16. …And the Sustainable Community at the Centre
  17. 17. The ‘Sharing’ Revolution Says Yes….
  18. 18. Where Less is More….
  19. 19. No New Stores….
  20. 20. No New Hotels….
  21. 21. No New Cars…..
  22. 22. Movie Theatres, TVS, CDS…
  23. 23. The Challenges are Real…
  24. 24. But with New Forms of Public-Private Partnership
  25. 25. And Smart Cities Leading the Way
  26. 26. Toward a More Sustainable Sharing Economy
  27. 27. The Possibilities are Endless….
  28. 28. For a Sustainable Paradigm Shift
  29. 29. Disruption is Coming….
  30. 30. Are We Prepared??? Need New Ways of Thinking: • Use government as a ‘Sustainability’ platform • Collaborate with Citizens & Private Sector • Disrupt 20th Paradigms • Support innovation • Think Sharing not Re-Producing!

Editor's Notes

  • The UN Post-2015 Sustainable Development Strategy aims to advance six central elements: ‘(a) dignity: to end poverty and fight inequality; (b) people: to ensure healthy lives, knowledge and the inclusion of women and children; (c) prosperity: to grow a strong, inclusive and transformative economy; (d) planet: to protect our ecosystems for all societies and our children; (e) justice: to promote safe and peaceful societies and strong institutions; and (f) partnership: to catalyse global solidarity for sustainable development.’

    Within this framework the strategy aims to advance 17 key goals that collectively focus on eradicating poverty, hunger and inequality in a manner that promotes the sustainable use of the planet’s resources.

    http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/69/700&Lang=E
    https://docs.google.com/gview?url=http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/1579SDGs%20Proposal.pdf&embedded=true
  • Communal living
    Local consumption
    Only using the resources we need
  • Conventional wisdom sees a constant battle between the private sector and Sustainable Development goals
  • Wind Farms, Solar etc….
  • A far cry from a holistic public-private approach to long-term Sustainability
  • Whether this vision of conflict is inevitable or are we actually in the midst of a ….
  • Fueled by: Mobile, Data/APIs, Geolocation

    As the online world becomes Mobile, Laptop sales decrease in favour of Tablets
    Almost half a billion tablets will ship in 2013 and 2014 alone

    Worldwide sales of smartphones exceeded those of feature phones in early 2013.
    As of July 2013, 90% of global consumer handset sales are attributed to the purchase of iPhone and Android smartphones.

    Mobile: ‘Smart Phones are Smart and they are getting Smarter’ Always on, always active – with web apps overtaking social media and sms accorging to a Google Home Grown study on advanced mobile trends - http://www.gstatic.com/ads/research/en/2011_Advanced_Global_Mobile_Trends.pdf

    APIS – Sharing, data - Without APIs, more than “half of the major technological trends could not be possible. That is important. That tells you something,” Krohn said.

    GeoLocation: CIO Magazine’s Next Software Frontier – enables immediate personalisation and identification
  • Geolocation:The next frontier for software development may just be geolocation. Or the identification of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar, mobile phone or an Internet-connected computer terminal. (November 2012) http://www.cio.com/article/721854/How_Mobile_Apps_Developers_Can_Best_Target_Geolocation

    Ordinary people become spatial sensors or reporters

    Millions of potential sensors
  • Nearly 60 percent of smartphone users employ apps that access their location data (April 2012) http://www.cio.com/article/703411/


  • APIs enable businesses to hit the ground running::
    Speed to market: You want to do it now. APIs facilitate consumer expectations for rapid fulfillment.
    Leverage: With APIs, a small startup can do as much as a large company, and sometimes even more.
    Silos are Ripped Down: Data is mixed and remixed everywhere.
    Productize & Profit: Businesses can deliver their core assets or services far more easily. The API is a portal, but data delivery is really at your core
    Source: http://nordicapis.com/how-apis-are-disrupting-the-way-we-think/
  • Use mobile to locate and order goods and services as well as to co-create these services and significantly – deliver them

    ‘Smart Cites’ & Smart Slums’ – What3Words providing addresses to slums enabling local business to join the global marketplace

    Social networking theorist Brian Solis once wrote that “technology evolves faster than our ability to adapt.”
    Still we are adapting faster and faster ie the decades it took society to adapt to the telephone vs the number of years it’s taken to adopt smartphones as a way of life
  • Local Live – ‘Whilst the internet has for years been about reaching out beyond virtual and real borders, our smartphones are the key to unlocking local opportunities, experiences and information’ - http://www.gstatic.com/ads/research/en/2011_Advanced_Global_Mobile_Trends.pdf
  • Policies for Shareable Cities: A Sharing Economy Policy Primer for Urban Leaders.
  • Amazon’s disruption began with the decimation of brick-and-mortar bookstores — shutting the doors of Barnes&Nobles and Borders— but they didn’t stop there
    If you want a new server today, don’t go out and buy one. You can create one very quickly online and run it on Amazon’s clouds.
  • AirBnB owns no hotels yet has more rooms in its inventory than the entire Hilton Hotel Chain
  • Uber owns no cars yet valued at $40 billion

    12 car shares can take 28-154 cars off the road
  • Bloxkbuster once had 9,000 video stores – now defunct

    Netflix now responsible for more than 34 percent of all Internet traffic during peak U.S. usage timeetflix, who are now responsible for more than 34 percent of all Internet traffic during peak U.S. usage time

    Through its use of APIs, Netflix has disrupted the entire television industry
  • Outdated Regulation, Insurance, Health & Safety, Competition Policy

    Quality Control -> from government to people via crowd sourcing (but still need standardised reputation systems)

    Unintended Macro Economic Impact of Surge Pricing: Neighbourhoods, Affordable Real Estate
    Black Market Imitations

    Need for new public procurement guidelines to promote sharing

    ‘’In many places, laws do not allow you to insure a car that you rent to a neighbor, sell vegetables grown in your backyard, create a for-payment ridesharing service, or rent out a room in your home for short stays. The list goes on and on. So, the sharing movement must do something much more difficult than building anew to obsolete the old — it must hack the law to make sharing easy and legal.’’ http://www.shareable.net/blog/policies-for-a-shareable-city
  • How the public and private sector can partner together to drive holistic sustainability across the planet

    From macro initiatives to micro ones – ie maker movement, crowd funding, 3D printing
  • Imagine: Breakfast with the guest you rented your spare room to. Ride in a shared car to your job. During lunch participate in a public transportation flash mob. After work you swing by a tool sharing center to finish a project. Once home, a community meal at your neighbor’s apartment. Evening packing for a trip using borrowed luggage that you found via your smartphone.

    Where: Seoul, South Korea
  • ‘’Shareable was founded on the idea that sharing is key to solving the triple crises of environment, economy, and social division’’ http://www.shareable.net/blog/policies-for-a-shareable-city
  • Policies for a Shareable City: A 15-Part Series with the Sustainable Economies Law Center and others:
    Car Sharing and Parking Sharing
    Ride Sharing
    Bike Sharing
    Shareable Commercial Spaces
    Shareable Housing
    Homes as Sharing Hubs
    Shareable Neighborhoods
    Shareable Workspaces
    Recreational and Green Spaces
    Shareable Rooftops
    Urban Agriculture
    Food Sharing
    Public Libraries
    The Shareable City Employee
    How to Rebuild the City as a Platform
    http://www.shareable.net/blog/policies-for-a-shareable-city
  • Objectives: ‘where the common wealth in cities is made accessible to all residents; where the free flow of resources among citizens is aided by law, … and where citizens are free to co-create great lives for each other in a vivifying cooperative framework.’’
    http://www.shareable.net/blog/policies-for-a-shareable-city
  • Source: PwC Analysts
  • Stop thinking in silos

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