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Improving Innovation Through Open Data - Construction Excellence Annual Conference

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Improving Innovation Through Open Data - Construction Excellence Annual Conference

  1. 1. Innovation Through Open Data Dr. Julia Glidden 21c Consultancy Excellence in Construction London, UK 11 November 2015
  2. 2. Information Explosion
  3. 3. Changing Way We Understand Our World
  4. 4. Open Data as Innovation Fuel…
  5. 5. o • A McKinsey report from 2013 estimates the value of the open data marketplace at $3-5 trillion per year [1] Open Data: The Wave of the Future • Open Data is already helping established companies around the world to • Segment markets • Define new products and services • Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operations. • A Lateral Economics study commissioned by the Omidyar Network estimates that open data policies by G20 nations could contribute 1.1 per cent to GDP growth
  6. 6. Governments Using OPEN Data to Drive Innovation...
  7. 7. Solve Complex Challenges Chicago uses ‘Windy Grid’ to give City Administrators the ability to detect infrastructure problems in real-time Barcelona uses Open Data to cut out lengthy email requests & let local staff find information they need fast India uses Open Data to enforce accountability and regulatory compliance in the mining industry
  8. 8. Improve Transparency Uganda’s School Funding Data helped fight corruption to increase the proportion of allocated funds reaching schools from 20% to >90% The UK’s Open Data Portal helped They Work for You become a trusted resource for citizens with over 300,000 monthly visits by citizens South Korea’s Open Spending Data site reduced the perception of local government corruption from 68% to 53% within 1 year
  9. 9. New Businesses Are Using OPEN Data to Drive Innovation….
  10. 10. Create New Services & Products…
  11. 11. And Modernise Traditional Industries
  12. 12. But What About Traditional Ones like Construction?
  13. 13. Good News…
  14. 14. Challenging News…
  15. 15. Hindering Emergence of a Vibrant Open Data Ecosystem
  16. 16. Open Data for Healthier Buildings
  17. 17. Open Data for Building Permits
  18. 18. Open Data for Happier Schools
  19. 19. And Ultimately Happier Communities!
  20. 20. Any Questions ? @21cData @JuliaGlidden 21cconsultancy.com

Editor's Notes

  • Data is now produced by everything from our mobile phones to our traffic lights, energy-consumption readings, health records
    The amount of data produced has grown exponentially as computers have permeated all areas
    The Data explosion has left us with masses of new information about everyday life.
    2.7 Zetabytes of data exist in the digital universe today. (Source)
  • Increasingly, data is the way we understand the world
    When put into the form of attractive visualisations, data lets us:
    gain a new perspective on familiar situations
    understand complex evidence
    deepen our understanding of how we live.
    Everything from life-logging applications to track your health to data about how we use our mobile phones has created a new generation of people for whom data is a key to understanding the world.
  • Open data is data that can be freely used, shared and built-on by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose. – OKF soo5

    Companies, governments, and NGOs have begun to release and share vast amounts of information. However, the extent to which information is truly open varies in four ways: accessibility, machine readability, cost, and rights for reuse and redistribution.

    Open data can be local, regional, and global in scope—from procedure costs at a single hospital to city-level water use to revenues from national tax collection.
  • [1] http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/open_data_unlocking_innovation_and_performance_with_liquid_information
  • The data held by governments has the potential to:
    drive new services
    inspire completely new solutions
    improve the way we live our lives.
    Data opened to creative people fuels new discoveries
    Open Data innovation at a pace and scale far larger than government could hope to achieve alone.
  • Open Data lets Chicago find out where utility problems are happening and re-assign engineers in real-time

    Barcelona paid for their entire Open Data programme in 6 months through reducing the time staff spend searching for information between departments

    India couldn’t police the mining industry effectively because overstretched staff couldn’t keep on top of the huge amounts of data. By opening up the information the public, India enlists an army of citizen regulators to scrutinise activities and report suspected infringements, helping staff do their job more effectively

    Sources

    Chicago – (Source – 2014 Case Study) - http://www.mongodb.com/press/mongodb-powers-city-chicago%E2%80%99s-windygrid-platform
    Barcelona – (Source 2015 Open City Data Workshop) – Testimonial from Brian Ablett of Leeds)
    India – (Source – 2013 Case Study) - http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/teri
  • Uganda found that by making school budgets Open data they dramatically reduced corruption by officials and raised the money going to the schools from 20% to more than 90%

    The UK ‘They Work for You’ site publishes Open data about MPs voting records and receives more than 300,000 visitors a month

    South Korea’s spend data helped catch and reduce the percentage of people who viewed local government as corrupt from 68% to 53% in 1 year

    Sources

    Uganda - (Source – 2004 Case Study) =- http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/119/2/679.short
    UK – (Source – 2012 Report) - www.mysociety.org%2Ffiles%2F2011%2F06%2FTheyWorkForYou_research_report-2011-Tobias-Escher1.pdf
    South Korea – (Sourge OGP Case Study 2013) - www.opengovpartnership.org%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2FKorea_comments_received.pdf
  • The data held by governments has the potential to:
    drive new services
    inspire completely new solutions
    improve the way we live our lives.
    Data opened to creative people fuels new discoveries
    Open Data innovation at a pace and scale far larger than government could hope to achieve alone.
  • Parkopedia is an innovative open data company which fuses location and other local data. A small UK based business, it uses live data from local authorities to help drivers idfentify free car parking sapces. Parkopedia has grown to become worlds leading source of parking information covering more than 20 milion spaces in 25 countries!

    GeoLytix is a startup specialising in geospatial data and consultancy. It uses data from Transport for London, the Land Registry, OpenStreetMap and various Whitehall departments to create ‘geodata products’ such as maps, boundary data and points of interest.
    It then releases some of these products as open data, including processed census data, workplace data, supermarket locations and postal sector boundaries.

    Aidin is dedicated to helping hospital patients find better post-hospitalization care.
    CEO and founder Russ Graney saw the need for Aidin when his uncle was discharged from the hospital with nothing but a typed list of healthcare providers for guidance.
    Now Aidin provides in-depth information to help patients and their families choose their best options

    Red Spotted Hanky – Launched in 2010, is an online ticket retailer aims to offer customers and easier way to book without any administration or payment fees.
    It relies on data from the rail industry to offer customers low cost advance bookings and has loyality scheme with Tesco and price promise for customers.
  • Crédit Agricole France: Launched own app store - CA store - 2102 [1]
    29 Apps on the CA store allow the customer to change the currency their account is displayed in
    30 to see the location of their transactions on a map
    31 to manage healthcare expenses
    32 and even turn saving into a game

    Capital One, USA: Offers 4 public APIs
    3rd parties can authenticate customer identity and integrate with Capital One’s Digital Deals and Rewards programmes
    Capital One is keen to extent it’s API programme further

    Garanti, Turkey: Opens up APIs to partners to integrate with them.
    Has a large range of applications for customers
    Apps mix those built in-house with others designed by third parties.

    Banks not public yet, Nigeria: Currently deploying Open Bank Project API
    Will provide customers with full API access to their data
    Will offer a readymade ecosystem of more than 100 applications
  • Construction is, by its nature, a data-driven craft.

    From the exact measurements of a building to the numerous regulations that govern every aspect of a project, construction is a quantifiable business.

    Computers have slowly replaced ink and paper on the desks of designers. The tools have reached a level of sophistication that computers do not only provide an aid to drawing, i.e. an image of reality, but they can generate an accurate model of content, context and object of construction, i.e. a fully integrated virtual reality. Modelling is key to understand how system works and to simulate the social, economic and environmental impact of projects before putting resources at risk.

    Open data will not only allow software developers to produce new applications, but it could also enable the construction industry to standardise their data format, allowing them to share modelling reference information. When testing the potential impact of a proposed development, both private and public proponents could benefit from a single, open source dataset of contextual information. The more openly we make data available, the more accurate our models will be.

  • The UK industry has also made giant leaps forward in recent years through the introduction of the Building Information Management Task Group.
    Meeting last year wit BIM’s Chairman, recently, what became clear was just how much work has gone into standardising the data of this industry. The rigorous models of a building BIM has created mean that everything in a neighbourhood or a city can be mapped, calibrated and explored using a single interface; a great leap forward for a data-driven industry.
    BIM Standards provide:
    ConsistentMethodology
    ReliableSystemsforSuppliers and Manufacturers to Safely Disclose Information
    EasilyAccessible,meaningful Product Data
    Launch of Digital Built Britain (Feb 2015) the UK Level 3 Building Information Modelling program aims tol build a digital economy for the  construction industry in support of dramatically improving delivery, operations and services provided to citizens.

  • Most work still going on in silos
    And where it is, many of most accessible available examples are not from Britain or even the Europe but the US
  • So here is my suggestion to the construction industry: Create a system-level model of your next project, based on BIM standards, and then start filling in the gaps with Open Data from government and crowdsourced information from the general public. (21c Leaders)

    Bringing the sectors together
    Business in all industries can now find relevant open data and use it to improve their production and services.
    Leading companies are now publishing their own data to improve customer and supplier interconnectivity.
    Citizens produce and use the data

  • So it is no surprise to find Google – which does not do anything in halves – at the heart of one of the most innovative Data Driven projects in the construction industry

    Realised that healthy buildings contribute to healthier employees And healthier employees contribute to healthier profits

    Saw CHALLENGES facing designers who seek building materials with the least human health and environmental impacts:
    inconsistency,
    incomprehensibility,
    inaccessibility,
    closed practices. - See more at: https

  • Building permits are often viewed as “municipal exhaust” – less immediate and visceral than other kinds of open data like crime data and restaurant health scores.
    But building permit data can provide huge insights to those working to understand and improve communities.
    Permits data can be used as a proxy for economic activity and allow for insights into how an upswing (or downturn) in the economy plays out at the community level – helping to drive better decision making at the future planning level
    It might show the changing character of neighborhoods, and how construction is playing out in cities –helping to make business case for new builds

    Nine US localities -- at  both the city and county level -- have committed to a set of open data building and construction permit standards, a move primed to boost insights into the housing market and propel civic app development.
    The standard is available on GitHub and via the BLDS collaboration site at Permitdata.org.
    Participating cities and counties include San Diego County; Alameda, Calif.; Deschutes County, Ore.; Bernalillo County, N.M.; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Tampa, Fla.; Fort Worth, Texas; and the cities of Seattle and Boston
    Open Data offers huge potential savings in planning, executing and promoting new projects.
    Use of Planning Data that is being now released by many councils could build a system for identifying where in the country similar projects have been successful and what the common characteristics of their applications have been.
    The data provides a clear, evidence-based jumping off point for making smart planning applications.
    Whilst simultaneously slashing the overheads on lawyers and consultants needed to vet, shape and hone each application.





  • BIM Oratory Pilot
    Using sensors in existing schools to identify where students are the happiest
    Found it was open and communal spaces
    And least happy
    Found it was closed corridors and stairwells
    Use resulting data to build happier schools, which lead to happier students which leads to better results

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