Gmo foods

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Gmo foods

  1. 1. GMO FOODS Get in the Know About 1
  2. 2. WHAT IS A GMO?  A genetically modified organism is an organism whose genetic material has been altered via the artificial mutation, insertion or deletion of genes using genetic engineering techniques  Organisms that have been modified include bacteria, yeast, insects, plants, fish and mammals 2
  3. 3. GMO FOODS  Not the same as traditional cross-breeding  Enables scientists to breach species barriers created by nature  Mainly used to make crops resistant to pesticides and herbicides  Thousands of genetic modifications are being developed 3
  4. 4. GMO FOOD HISTORY 1982 – First GM plant (antibiotic-resistant tobacco) 1987– First Field trials (Bt tobacco) 1994– U. S. approval of first GMO food crop (FlavrSavr tomato – fish genes injected into tomato) 1995– U.S. approval of first pesticide producing GMO food crop (Bt Potato) 1996– U.S. approval of multiple GMO food crops 1997– Europe requires mandatory labeling of GMO foods 2003 - First GMO-resistant pests appear 2004–Mendocino County, CA bans GMO cultivation 2005 – Switzerland becomes first country to ban GMO crops – many follow 2011 - Study finds Bt toxins in blood of pregnant women 2013 – Three states pass GMO labeling laws (CT, VT & ME) OR governor bans GMO canola production 4
  5. 5. PREVALENCE 165 million acres worldwide 75% of processed foods contain GMO ingredients “I can’t even find non-GMO seeds now” – WI farmer Percent of crops that are GMO Corn 88% Cotton 95% Canola 90% Sugar beets 95% 5
  6. 6. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES & POLICIES 6
  7. 7. WHY THE FUSS?  Health concerns  Environmental concerns  Impact on non-GMO crops  Impact on soil, water, plants and animals  Corporate servitude 7
  8. 8. PEOPLES’ HEALTH  Infertility  Immune dysregulation  Accelerated aging  Dysregulation of genes assoc. with cholesterol synthesis  Asthma  Allergies  Inflammation  AAEM  Lost nutritional value Detailed research findings in “GMO Myths & Truths” at www.nongmoproject.org 8
  9. 9. HEALTH CERTAINTIES Not enough evidence either way now but who wants to be a science experiment? 9
  10. 10. IMPACT ON NON-GMO CROPS  Airborne pollination  Insect pollination  Lost organic certification  Import refusal from non-GMO countries 10
  11. 11. IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT  Superweeds  22 states with glyphosate-resistant weeds  Increased use of Round Up ( Glyphosate) causing malformations in frog and chicken embryos  Pesticide resistance  Bt-resistant rootworms in Iowa & IL  Declining bee and butterfly populations  Altered bacterial communities in soil  Glyphosate in air and rainwater  Glyphosate toxic to earthworms 11
  12. 12. CORPORATE CONTROL Monsanto  90% of GMO seeds  300%+ increase in seed price over ten years  Difficult to stop using GMO seeds once started  Patenting the source of life  Writing the regulations 12
  13. 13. MONSANTO’S GOVERNMENT TIES 13
  14. 14. GMO SALMON  Imminent FDA approval  Fears of wild species extinction 14
  15. 15. LABEL IT 15

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