Instructional strategy

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Instructional strategy

  1. 1. INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY Researcher : Roger T. Johnson and David W. Johnson Yi-Pei Chen EEX 4066
  2. 2. COOPERATIVE LEARNING  When students are provided with opportunities to interact with each other in a variety of ways their learning is enhanced. These activities support the ideas that there should be a variety of criteria to group students; that there should be formal, informal and base groups and that the size of learning groups should be continually monitored.
  3. 3. INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION  Interactive instruction relies heavily on discussion and sharing among participants. Students can learn from peers and teachers to develop social skills and abilities, to organize their thoughts, and to develop rational arguments.
  4. 4. INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION (CON’T)  The interactive instruction strategy allows for a range of groupings and interactive methods. It is important for the teacher to outline the topic, the amount of discussion time, the composition and size of the groups, and reporting or sharing techniques. Interactive instruction requires the refinement of observation, listening, interpersonal, and intervention skills and abilities by both teacher and students.
  5. 5. INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION (CON’T)  The success of the interactive instruction strategy and its many methods is heavily dependent upon the expertise of the teacher in structuring and developing the dynamics of the group.
  6. 6. CRITERIA FOR EFFECTIVE COOPERATIVE LEARNING GROUPS INCLUDE:  Students understand that their membership in a learning group means that they either succeed or fail—together. (Deutsch, 1962).”  Positive interdependence" includes mutual goals, joint rewards, resource interdependence (each group member has different resources that must be combined to complete the assignment), and role interdependence (each group member is assigned a specific role).
  7. 7. CRITERIA FOR EFFECTIVE COOPERATIVE LEARNING GROUPS INCLUDE (CON’T):  Students help each other learn and encourage individual team members' success.  Individuals in the group understand that they are accountable to each other and to the group as a distinct unit.  Interpersonal and small-group skills are in place, including communication, decision making, conflict resolution, and time management.  Members are aware of the group's processes. Individual members talk about "the group" as a unique entity.
  8. 8. APPLYING INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION  Content: Math  Subject: Geometry  Grade Level: 1st Grade  Lesson Objective: 1st Grade students will recognize the following two-dimensional shapes: triangle, rhombus, parallelogram, trapezoid and hexagon They will combine triangles to form those shapes 90% accuracy within one class period.
  9. 9. APPLYING INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION (CON’T)  Sunshine State Standards: MACC.1.G.1.2: Compose two-dimensional shapes (rectangle, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half- circle, and quarter-circles) or three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape.
  10. 10. APPLYING INTERACTIVE INSTRUCTION(CON’T)  Overview:Practice combine triangles to form new shapes. Work in group of three. Each group will come up with four different shapes and two same types of shapes with different size that are composed with triangles. Trace the outline of all six shapes on the same piece of paper and write the name of each shape next to the shape you made and the number of triangle within that shape. The first group to finish composing triangles into four different shapes and two same type of shapes with different size then draw the outline of all shapes with the name next to it is the winner. This group will have the opportunity to explain how they form the shapes.
  11. 11. REFERENCE  NETC (2005). Cooperative Grouping. Retrieved from http://www.netc.org/focus/strategies/coop.php  TLTGUIDE (n.d.). Integrating Technology into the Classroom using Instructional Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.tltguide.ccsd.k12.co.us/instructional_tool s/Strategies/Strategies.html#coop  OLC (2013). Instructional Strategies Online. Retrieved from http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/DE/PD/instr/intera.html

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