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Resilience Policy: Some Notes From Ethiopias PSNP


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May 16 in Parallel Session 3A "Vulnerability & Volatility: Dealing with Local & National Shocks". Presented by Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, IFPRI.

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Resilience Policy: Some Notes From Ethiopias PSNP

  1. 1. Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) May 2014 Resilience Policy - Some Lessons from Ethiopia’s PSNP
  2. 2. Outline  Premise and aim;  The PSNP – a brief description, impact;  Key lessons;
  3. 3. Introduction  Policy  Goals – objectives or targets that are to be attained or promoted;  Instruments – means deployed to achieve policy goals or targets;  Causal framework – summarises the expected link between instruments and goals;  Resilience  the capability to anticipate risk, limit impact, and bounce back rapidly through survival, adaptability, evolution, and growth in the face of, sometimes considerable, change.  Resilience policy
  4. 4. Premise and aim  Premise  Significant commonalities in East Africa - chronic food insecurity and attendant causes and consequences;  Lessons can be distilled from country-level experiences;  These lessons may inform other initiatives at the country and/or regional levels;  Aim  highlight key lessons from the PSNP for future resilience- related interventions; particularly those involving cooperation between donors, governments, and other stakeholders;
  5. 5. The PSNP  Motivation  the drought of 2002-03;  New Coalition for Food Security in Ethiopia (2003)  Features  Coordination and commitment – donors (9), government;  Predictability - multi-year planning and financing;  Combine transfers with asset building – PW plus direct support ;  Integrated with the broader development agenda;  Large o Beneficiaries - Up to 8 million persons, nearly 300 woredas (40%); o Cost - US$1.5 billion (2005-09); US$2.1 billion (2010-14)
  6. 6. The PSNP  Impact  Five years (2006-2010) of participation in the PSNP-PW: o reduced the length of the last hungry season by 1.29 months; o raises livestock holdings by 0.38 tropical livestock units;  Impact of access to the PSNP along with the OFSP/HABP is even higher: o length of the last hungry season lower by 1.5 months per year; and o livestock holdings higher by 0.99 TLU; o fertilizer use rose, investments in agriculture increased, and crop yields increased  Note: these impacts occurred against the background of rising food prices and widespread drought
  7. 7. Key Lessons  Crisis can be an opportunity – 2002-03 drought and PSNP;  Principles:  Ownership – Government program;  Integration – part of the national development effort/plan;  Coordination – among donors, donors and government, within government;  Complementarity – addressing emergency, enhancing resilience, and promoting development (E.g. Drought Risk Financing (DRF))
  8. 8. Key Lessons  Process  Dialogue – genuine;  What and how – implementation strategy;  Monitoring and evaluation  a part of the initial design and mutual understanding;  independent but collaborative – government, donors, the national statistical agency, external evaluators;  interim rigorous evaluations – three so far; o Create opportunities to learn and adjust (Payroll and Attendance Sheet System (PASS), Client cards ) o Help bridge results-based budgeting and longer term programming designed to achieve impact