ELD in Niger

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May 15 in Side Event "Building Resilience for the Poor Through Sustainable Land Management". Presented by Ephraim Nkonya, IFPRI and Bokar Moussa, INRAN.

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ELD in Niger

  1. 1. ELD in Niger Bokar Moussa Ephraim Nkonya
  2. 2. The Sun is Rising in Niger 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1990 1995 2000 2005 2013 GHI(index),IMR(%) GHI IMR
  3. 3. Why is the sun rising?
  4. 4. There is significant improvement in Government effectiveness -1.40 -1.20 -1.00 -0.80 -0.60 -0.40 -0.20 0.00 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Niger, Government Effectiveness Trend GE Index: -2.5 (weak) to 2.5 (strong)
  5. 5. Niger’s investment in natural resource & production increasing but expenditure on markets is low Ag expenditure as % of agGDP National Agricultural Investment (NAI) allocation, % of total NAI 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 20032004200520062007200820092010 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
  6. 6. Niger, Forest Planted Area Increasing 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1990 2000 2005 2010 000ha Planted forest (000ha) Planted forest (000ha)
  7. 7. Comparison of Niger and other countries 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Niger Kenya Nigeria Uganda Deforestation rate (%), 2000-10 Deforestation rate (%), 1990-00 % planted forest, 2000-10
  8. 8. Cost of land degradation as % of GDP>8% 0.11 2.1 2.71 2.91 Rice Millet Overgrazing Sorghum
  9. 9. Challenges • Decentralization still relatively weak Source: Nkonya et al 2013
  10. 10. GDP consistently growing, but long- term per capita GDP falling 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 196019621964196619681970197219741976197819801982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012 Per capita GDP GDP constant 2005 US$billion
  11. 11. Challenges • Market connectivity is low – Logistics performance index of Niger among the lowest in the world • Low adoption of agricultural production technologies Kenya Niger % of farmers ISFM 33.0 0 Manure 68.0 1.0 Fertilizer 36.4 0.1 Improved fallow 4.9 0.6 Rotational grazing 7.5 0.4 Water harvesting 17.2 0.4

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