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Refraction of light

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Refraction of light

  1. 1. Refraction of Light By: Julissa Ortiz & Carlos Hernandez
  2. 2. Objectives: ● Recognize situations where refraction will occur. ● Identify which direction light will bend when it passes from one medium to another.
  3. 3. Introduction: ● We will discuss what refraction is and look at different examples. ● We will talk about the change of mediums, and how it deals with refraction. ● Also, we will touch on Snell’s Law and the index of refraction.
  4. 4. What is Refraction? ● The bending of light as it travels from one medium to another. ● Refraction occurs when light’s velocity changes.
  5. 5. Refraction ● There are different speed of light for every material. ● Some are more dense than others.
  6. 6. Transparent Media
  7. 7. Air v.s Glass ● Air is less dense than glass. ● So when light moves from air to glass the light is being bent to the normal. ● However when light moves from glass to air the light is being refracted away from the normal.
  8. 8. Direction
  9. 9. What Occurs? ● The wave fronts changes. ● The wavelength is shortened as the speed of light is reduced in the slower medium. ● The frequency does not change.
  10. 10. Wavelength
  11. 11. Objects Appear to be in Different Positions
  12. 12. Snell’s Law ● Developed in 1621 by Williebrord Snell. ● Snell’s Law determines the angle of refraction.
  13. 13. Index of Refraction n=c/v ● n is the index of refraction ● c is the speed of light in a vacuum. ● v is the speed of light in a medium.
  14. 14. Index of Refraction ● Every substance has a different indices of refraction.
  15. 15. Index of Refraction ● The speed of light and the index of refraction are inverses. ● You can use this to find Snell’s Law. ● Wavelength affects the index of refraction.
  16. 16. Examples ● A pencil in a cup ● A marching band going from concrete to a field. ● Eyeglasses ● Prisms
  17. 17. Questions 1.What is refraction? 2. What is more dense air or glass? 3. How do you see an object when it is in water? 4. What does Snell’s Law do? 5. What affects the index of refraction?
  18. 18. Bibliography Nave, C. R. (n.d.). Refraction of Light. Refraction of Light. Retrieved October 17, 2013, from http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu/hbase/geoopt/refr.html Davis, D. (n.d.). Refraction. Reflection and Refraction. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from http://www.ux1.eiu.edu/~cfadd/3050/Ch16R %26R/RefR.html
  19. 19. Bibliography Serway, R. A., & Faughn, J. S. (2009). Refraction. Holt Physics (pp. 488-492). Austin: Holt, Rinehart, Winston. Changing the Speed of Light. (n.d.). Optics For Kids. Retrieved October 18, 2013, from http://www.optics4kids.org/home/teacherspar ents/articles/the-refraction-of-light/

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