Appreciative Supervision.Effects of AppreciativeSupervision on the SocialPractices           Stefan Cojocaru, PhD       Al...
Executive summaryl    The paper analyses the way the results obtained by social      workers are influenced by appreciati...
Executive summaryl    The results showed that desired changes can be brought      about more easily when using appreciati...
Experimenting appreciativesupervisionl  six-month period, during which time we  verified the results obtained by applying...
Experimenting appreciativesupervisionApplied the Assessment Grid for Child Abandonment Risk and, depending on the    score...
Experimenting appreciative supervisionl    In pairing the cases, the main criterion was the      similitude of the situat...
Experimenting appreciative supervisionl    During the six months of the experiment, each pair of      cases was managed b...
Experimenting appreciative supervisionl    The social workers were not informed about the      different approach in supe...
hypotheses1.    The style in which supervision is organised      influences the way case management takes      place, due ...
results             Classical supervision Appreciative                                   supervision             Differenc...
Evolution of the average reduction of child abandonment risk inthe supervised cases                               Classica...
Evolution of level of abandonment risk within thestudied group            900                                             ...
Conclusions1.    The principles of AI can be adapted and      used in the process social work      supervision and in the ...
Conclusions2. When the appreciative supervision was applied,    the studied cases showed better results    compared to the...
Conclusions3. In general, the cases that had been    supervised classically showed a degree of    decrease in vulnerabilit...
Conclusionsl  Inthe situation of the cases that had been   supervised appreciatively, the significant   decrease of the v...
Conclusions5. In the case of services aimed at preventing child     abandonment, it can be seen that the classical     int...
Conclusions4. The parallel process in supervision can be    directed by the supervisor towards the    social workers and t...
Conclusions6. Focussing on problems in social work    and the attempt to solve them may    sometimes not result in their r...
Thanks for your appreciatively attention.         AMAI………………..            Stefan Cojocaru    Email: contact@stefancojocaru...
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Appreciative Supervision

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Paper presented at the #2012waic conference - Ghent, Belgium

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Appreciative Supervision

  1. 1. Appreciative Supervision.Effects of AppreciativeSupervision on the SocialPractices Stefan Cojocaru, PhD Alexandru Ioan Cuza University Department of Sociology and Social Work Iasi, Romania 28/04/12
  2. 2. Executive summaryl  The paper analyses the way the results obtained by social workers are influenced by appreciative supervision;l  We initiated an experiment through which we aimed to measure the results of their activities with clients.l  The results were tested using two different approaches: one focused on the problem and the other centered on appreciation.l  We chose a pair of similar cases in terms of the childs risk of abandonment and we managed each of them differently, according to opposing views on supervision; 28/04/12
  3. 3. Executive summaryl  The results showed that desired changes can be brought about more easily when using appreciative supervision.l  Apart from measuring the advantages of using appreciative supervision, the experiment highlights the disadvantages of focusing on the problem, the effects obtained through the latter approach being less substantial.l  The research results help us identify new visions of social intervention designed to solve social problems, refine language and achieve the desired results. 28/04/12
  4. 4. Experimenting appreciativesupervisionl  six-month period, during which time we verified the results obtained by applying two different supervision models, problem- oriented supervision and appreciative supervisionl  we identified ten cases with various degrees of risk in child abandonment. 28/04/12
  5. 5. Experimenting appreciativesupervisionApplied the Assessment Grid for Child Abandonment Risk and, depending on the score, five pairs of social cases were determined, as follows:Pair 1:l  Case 1, with a vulnerability score of 438 pointsl  Case 2, with a vulnerability score of 459 pointsPair 2:l  Case 3, with a vulnerability score of 812 pointsl  Case 4, with a vulnerability score of 826 pointsPair 3:l  Case 5, with a vulnerability score of 765 pointsl  Case 6, with a vulnerability score of 778 pointsPare 4:l  Case 7, with a vulnerability score of 652 pointsl  Case 8, with a vulnerability score of 671 pointsPair 5:l  Case 9, with a vulnerability score of 553 pointsl  Case 10, with a vulnerability score of 562 points 28/04/12
  6. 6. Experimenting appreciative supervisionl  In pairing the cases, the main criterion was the similitude of the situations, quantified through the risk assessment grid, and the goal was to experiment this form of intervention management (appreciative supervision).l  In order to check the way the situations of the ten clients had evolved, the assessment grid for child abandonment risk (the same instrument used originally) was applied every three months.l  The application of the same instrument at different moments and to all clients was a strong basis for the objective evaluation of the modifications that had occurred throughout the experiment. 28/04/12
  7. 7. Experimenting appreciative supervisionl  During the six months of the experiment, each pair of cases was managed by a social worker.l  The cases were selected from the social workers list of active cases.l  In this period case supervision was provided to the five social workers managing the ten cases included in the experiment.l  Each social worker had one case that was supervised in the conventional manner and one case that was supervised appreciatively.l  The idea was to check whether appreciative supervision has any influence on the effectiveness of case management and to what extent it can be applied. 28/04/12
  8. 8. Experimenting appreciative supervisionl  The social workers were not informed about the different approach in supervision, in order to verify the validity of the parallel process theory in supervision; in other words, we tried to see whether changing the supervision approach at the supervisors initiative can result in the change of the way the case management takes place.l  On the other hand, no other independent variables were introduced, such as additional material support for the managed cases, other types of activities etc. 28/04/12
  9. 9. hypotheses1.  The style in which supervision is organised influences the way case management takes place, due to the parallel process developing in supervision.2. The parallel process in supervision can be directed by the supervisor at his initiative and influences the results of the intervention at client level.3. The social workers and the clients effectiveness and results depend on the style of supervision. 28/04/12
  10. 10. results Classical supervision Appreciative supervision Difference in Average of Difference in Average of absolute difference absolute difference values across values across the five cases the five casesAssessment -3 0.6 -117 23.4at threemonthsAssessment -356 71.2 -1090 218at sixmonths 28/04/12
  11. 11. Evolution of the average reduction of child abandonment risk inthe supervised cases Classical supervision Appreciative supervision General Score average according Score average average of all to the assessment grid according to the the supervised (cases 1,3,5,7,9) assessment grid cases (points) (cases 2,4,6,8,10)Initial 651.6 644 659.2assessmentAssessment 639.6 643.4 635.8at threemonthsAssessment 507.0 572.8 441.2at six months (11,5 %) (33,7%) 28/04/12
  12. 12. Evolution of level of abandonment risk within thestudied group 900 826 812 765 778 800 790 781 761 759 652 671 700 683 664 645 553 562 600 683 601 553 549 459 520 519 500 438 430 426 516 400 412 396 416 362 300 200 100 0 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) S S S S S S S S S S (P (A (P (A (P (A (P (A (P (A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 se se se se se se se se se se a a a a a a a a a C C C C C C C C C a C initial 3 month 6 month 28/04/12
  13. 13. Conclusions1.  The principles of AI can be adapted and used in the process social work supervision and in the process of case management.The experiment demonstrates the usefulness and effectiveness of appreciative supervision by comparison to the problem-centred supervision. 28/04/12
  14. 14. Conclusions2. When the appreciative supervision was applied, the studied cases showed better results compared to the cases that were supervised classically;in our opinion, this shows that appreciative supervision is more effective also due to the parallel process in supervision that influences case management. The characteristics of appreciative supervision were reproduced in case management. 28/04/12
  15. 15. Conclusions3. In general, the cases that had been supervised classically showed a degree of decrease in vulnerability risk due to the clients accessing resources within the community; the accent was placed on supplementing resources and on filling a financial need. 28/04/12
  16. 16. Conclusionsl  Inthe situation of the cases that had been supervised appreciatively, the significant decrease of the vulnerability risk was due to a number of factors connected to the improvement of the relationship with the childrens father and with the extended family, and to the finding of a job.accent on making the most of opportunities based on relationships 28/04/12
  17. 17. Conclusions5. In the case of services aimed at preventing child abandonment, it can be seen that the classical intervention, lasting less than three months, has no positive effect on the clients situation.This practically means that in such circumstances, the financial, human and material resources used for an intervention that lasts less than three months are wasted without significant results. 28/04/12
  18. 18. Conclusions4. The parallel process in supervision can be directed by the supervisor towards the social workers and the clients actions. This process does not influence just the supervised social worker, but also, through diffusion, the clients situation.Awareness of this process in supervision helps the supervisor orient the social workers actions and results in his/her direct work with the client. 28/04/12
  19. 19. Conclusions6. Focussing on problems in social work and the attempt to solve them may sometimes not result in their resolution;the orientation towards identifying deficiencies and dysfunctionalities yields poorer results than the appreciative intervention and preserves the problem. 28/04/12
  20. 20. Thanks for your appreciatively attention. AMAI……………….. Stefan Cojocaru Email: contact@stefancojocaru.ro 28/04/12

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