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English notesANALYZING A POEM:
What the poem does:What does poem do? Expresses the poet‟s feelings Creates feelings in the reader. Makes the familiar ...
Effects of poemWhat is the purpose of poetry? To persuade To make us look differently at familiar things and ideas To s...
Poetic techniquesHow does a poem work? We need to discover what the “engine parts” of the poem  are. We usually refer to...
Poetic techniquesCan be roughly grouped this way: Language (diction, syntax, repetitions and patterns,  titles, figurativ...
 Language (diction, syntax, repetitions and patterns,  titles, figurative language) Sound effects Contexts and traditio...
ImageryTypes of Imagery Symbol: reference to two, often commonly  associated things Simile: two things compared, using t...
Sound effects Sound effects are created by: RHYTHM Rhythm is created by: repetition, stressed and unstressed syllables,...
RHYME Two or more words that sound alike, usually, (but not always) at the end of a line. The function of rhyme is to cre...
Repetition of WORD-SOUNDS A poet can put the sounds of words to good effect, especially if their sound imitates the thing...
PUNCTUATION Punctuation (commas, full stops, exclamation marks, semi-colons, etc) can often affect the pace of a line of ...
Contexts and traditions What historical events have a bearing on the poem? Context Who wrote this poem? What historica...
Traditions What form does the poem take? Poems can take the form of, for example, a sonnet, or a lyric, or a dramatic mon...
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English notes

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English notes

  1. 1. English notesANALYZING A POEM:
  2. 2. What the poem does:What does poem do? Expresses the poet‟s feelings Creates feelings in the reader. Makes the familiar unfamiliar , and thereby draws our attention to the ideas and feelings the poet wishes to share.
  3. 3. Effects of poemWhat is the purpose of poetry? To persuade To make us look differently at familiar things and ideas To shock To amuse To entertain To experiment To make us understand Most of all, a poem seeks to express and create an EMOTION. Our task is to find out HOW.
  4. 4. Poetic techniquesHow does a poem work? We need to discover what the “engine parts” of the poem are. We usually refer to these engine parts as “poetic techniques”. Then we need to find out how these techniques make the poem “work”. In other words, or task is to show how technique makes meaning. Like an engine, a poem has components that make it work.
  5. 5. Poetic techniquesCan be roughly grouped this way: Language (diction, syntax, repetitions and patterns, titles, figurative language) Sound effects Contexts and traditions.
  6. 6.  Language (diction, syntax, repetitions and patterns, titles, figurative language) Sound effects Contexts and traditions.
  7. 7. ImageryTypes of Imagery Symbol: reference to two, often commonly associated things Simile: two things compared, using the phrase „as … as‟ or the word „like‟. Metaphor: comparison of two dissimilar things
  8. 8. Sound effects Sound effects are created by: RHYTHM Rhythm is created by: repetition, stressed and unstressed syllables, punctuation. The purpose of rhythm is to provide unity and coherence; to fulfill or defeat expectations; and to create a mood or feeling. It is in its use of rhythm that poetry most resembles music
  9. 9. RHYME Two or more words that sound alike, usually, (but not always) at the end of a line. The function of rhyme is to create unity, to join ideas or concepts together.
  10. 10. Repetition of WORD-SOUNDS A poet can put the sounds of words to good effect, especially if their sound imitates the thing they are describing.
  11. 11. PUNCTUATION Punctuation (commas, full stops, exclamation marks, semi-colons, etc) can often affect the pace of a line of poetry. Absence of punctuation can create a smooth, flowing effect. An abundance of punctuation can have the opposite effect.
  12. 12. Contexts and traditions What historical events have a bearing on the poem? Context Who wrote this poem? What historical events have a bearing on the poem? Who is reading this poem?
  13. 13. Traditions What form does the poem take? Poems can take the form of, for example, a sonnet, or a lyric, or a dramatic monologue. Does the form of the poem affect our understanding of it? (Note: we expect certain forms of poetry to do specific things)

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