Self-concept: Picture or perception of ourselves/ a
person's mental model of his or her abilities and attributes
Self Efficacy: The set of beliefs that one can perform
adequately in a particular situation.
Self-ideal: The way we would like to be
Self-actualization A concept in personality psychology referring
to a person's constant striving to realize his or her potential and to
develop inherent talents and capabilities.
Self-awareness The top level of consciousness; cognizance of
the autobiographical character of personally experienced events.
Self Esteem: Feelings we have about
Self Esteem: A realistic respect for or favorable
impression of one self; Self respect
What is Self Esteem?
Self + Esteem
The total, essential, or particular being of a person;
the individual: +Worth, Value, Opinion ,judgment
Self-Esteem…What’s it made of?
Your self-esteem is
made up of all the
had in your life.
Everyone you’ve ever
met has added to or
taken away from how
you see yourself!
Self-esteem refers to the way
we see and think about
Self esteem is your opinion of
High self esteem is a good
opinion of yourself and
low self esteem is a bad
opinion of yourself.
What Self Esteem is Not
Self Esteem is NOT dependant upon what other people
think of you
Self Esteem is not
egotism, arrogance, narcissism/selfishness, or a desire to
feel superior to others
Self Esteem is not temporary euphoria
Development of Self Esteem
A person develops his/her self esteem throughout the life
In this regard childhood experiences play an important
role in shaping self esteem.
Factors that develop High and Low Self Esteem
High Self Esteem
If you are being praised
If you are listened to
If you are being spoken
If you are getting
Having trust worthy
Low Self Esteem
Being expected to perfect
all the time
Being Ignored or made
Having physical or
Why Self Esteem is important?
Having a healthy self – esteem
creates confidence, self-
reliance, and overall happiness in
Self esteem increases your confidence. If
you have confidence you will respect
yourself and then you can respect
others, improve your relationships and
become happier....this is not a selfish goal
as you will contribute more and share
yourself with the world and those around
Types of Self-Esteem
They like to meet new people.
They don’t worry about how others will
They have the courage to express
They are nicer to be around.
They are magnets to positive opportunities!
Factors affecting on high and low self esteem
Your self esteem depends on many questions:
Is your job worthwhile? Do others respect what you do? Do
Do you believe you are successful?
How do you see yourself (your self image)?
- Improve your self esteem
- Boost your self confidence
How do you feel about your strengths and weaknesses?
What do you think of your social status?
How do you relate to others?
Can you make your own decisions? A lack of choices leads to
low self esteem.
I personally chose self-esteem as a topic
mainly because of my diverse group of
friends. As a whole they are lovely human
beings, but there are incidences where they
themselves don’t realize that and don’t give
their minds or bodies the self-respect that
they deserve. You can always tell the
difference between someone with low or high self-
esteem, especially inside the classroom.
Risks of Low Self Esteem:
• Vulnerable to peer pressure
• More likely to make unhealthy decisions
• More likely to be critical of self and others
• Increased risk of depression and suicide
Benefits of High Self Esteem:
•Increased respect for yourself
•Increased ability to reach goals
•Increased willingness to try new things
•Increased feelings of value
Why a high self-esteem?
Persons with high
self-esteem like and
Persons with high
self-esteem do not
feel that they are
perfect or better than
people, rather, they
are aware of their
limitations and work
One of the indicators of
good self-esteem of a person
is the feeling of self-
actualization, understood as
the effect of satisfying the
highest need in the hierarchy
of human needs
In the same way, a
healthy self-esteem can
force/propel a person to
achieve his/her full
5 Steps to build Self-
Forgive yourself for your past mistakes.
Follow the example of successful people.
Be a self talker.
Practice your talents.
Focus on your positive attributes.
How to Build Self-Esteem
1. Think Positively
A positive attitude can open
your mind to learning
experiences and inspire you to
One way to create positive
attitude is through positive self-
• Stop negative talk in tracks
• Pay yourself a compliment”.
• Replace words of obligations with
words of personal intent –
I should I choose to
I’ll try I will
No one can
Make you feel
You are a unique individual. No one else is like you in
the whole world. This makes you special already!
Our time in this world is limited. Make it happen for
you so you leave your mark in history!