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Smarter Cities | IET Talk on the Built Environment in 2050

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Talk organised by The IET (Institution of Engineering & Technology) at Imperial College, London, on 27 November 2009.
- Build Environment Technologies sub-group:
http://kn.theiet.org/communities/betnet/

The talk commences with example startling data to seek audience attention & participation. Cities are a fulcrum of ever growing population migration, this presents various issues that must be faced promptly so as to allow the next generation an opportunity to define their own built environment (for living, working, and playing). The ecosystem of groups involved is presenting new opportunities for entrepreneurs and new partnerships. The talk ends with a brief look-back at the technology that has been developed over the last 50 years, before posing a set of new questions and opening for discussion.

Event Speakers:
- Hoare Lea (Huw Blackwell)- Sustainable Homes
- Arup (Duncan Wilson) - The future of the workplace
- IBM (Alexis Biller and Chris Phillips) - Smart Cities and Urban Informatics

Link to this presentation using: www.bit.ly/smartC
(IBM internal link http://ibmurl.hursley.ibm.com/20V2)

Published in: Technology, Business

Smarter Cities | IET Talk on the Built Environment in 2050

  1. 1. Alexis Biller & Chris Phillips, IBM Hursley 26 November 2009 IET Event The role of engineering in the built environment Smarter Cities
  2. 2. A planet of smarter cities: 1900 < 20% world population lived in cities, 0.3 billion people 2007 > 50% population lived in cities, 3.3 billion people 2050 > 70% will be city dwellers, 6.4 billion people
  3. 3. Question What is contribution of IT to Global CO 2 emissions?
  4. 4. The Bad News: IT accounts for 2% of global CO 2 emissions The Good News: IT can significantly contribute to control and reduce the 98% of CO 2 emissions caused by other activities and industries Sources: Gartner, Green IT, October 12, 2007; “The Green Road Less Traveled” by Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times, July 15, 2007, http://bit.ly/greenroadlesstraveled “… you can’t make a product greener, whether it’s a car, a refrigerator or a traffic system, without making it smarter — smarter materials, smarter software or smarter design.” - Thomas L. Friedman
  5. 5. In 2007 data centres used energy roughly equal to the total electricity consumption of the entire country of Mexico
  6. 6. Buildings and their construction account for half of global energy consumption ⅔ of buildings needed by 2050 are not yet built
  7. 7. Definition of smart cities - Audience proposal <ul><li>The voices of the audience… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of smart cities – IBM University Jam Embedded Intelligence Make information available to people to decide Co-Evolution Adaptable, people participation “ a place where collective intelligence is enabled; residents have the power to continuously fix or improve things given a voting ” – Dr Ismail Ari of Ozyegin University, Turkey Source: Jam Report 2009, IBM “ allow people to live healthy and fulfilling lifestyles” “ allow people to live healthy and fulfilling lifestyles” – Student of Indiana University
  9. 9. Definition of smart cities – Wordle style Source: http://www.wordle.net/
  10. 10. Perhaps nowhere besides the city can we simultaneously increase the efficiency and sustainability of these systems to create the most livable environment for the greatest number of people.
  11. 11. The city is a microcosm of the major challenges and opportunities facing the planet today—intensified and accelerated Public Safety Government Services Education Healthcare Transportation Energy and Utilities Telecommunications Man-made systems come together and interact with each other
  12. 12. Smart instrumented interconnected intelligent Cities
  13. 13. We now have the ability to measure, sense and monitor the condition of almost everything. By 2010, there will be more than 1 billion camera phones in existence. 1 billion By 2010, 30 billion RFID tags will be embedded into our world and across entire ecosystems. 30 billion Nearly 85% of new automobiles will contain event data recorders by 2010. 85 % Instrumented Interconnected Intelligent
  14. 14. People, systems and objects can communicate and interact with each other in entirely new ways. There will be an estimated 2 billion people on the internet by 2011. 2 billion There are an estimated 4 billion mobile phone subscribers worldwide. 4 billion Soon, there will be 1 trillion connected devices in the world, constituting an “ internet of things.” 1 trillion Instrumented Interconnected Intelligent
  15. 15. We can now respond to changes quickly and accurately, and get better results by predicting and optimizing for future events. Every day, 15 petabytes of new information are being generated. This is 8x more than the information in all U.S. libraries. 15 petabytes Scientists are working to prevent influenza pandemics by modeling the viruses with a supercomputer that can operate at one petaflop, or one quadrillion operations per second. 1 petaflop New analytics enable high-resolution weather forecasts for areas as fine as 1 to 2 square kilometers. 1 square kilometer Instrumented Interconnected Intelligent
  16. 16. Smart Energy from Oil Production Efficiency <ul><ul><li>Working Smarter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart wireless sensors for subsurface monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time data access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smarter Business Outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2X the industry production average </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% reduction in maintenance costs </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. IBM Case Study – I ntelligent B uilding – St. Regis Hotel Shanghai <ul><li>Only Intelligent Building from 33 five stars hotels in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for 5.1% energy cost to revenue, achieves 4.9% all other 5 star hotels average 8% </li></ul><ul><li>40% reduced energy cost / revenue vs. other 5 Star hotels </li></ul>Client Reference
  18. 18. Intelligent buildings ecosystem Enterprises Metering Sensing & Networking Architects, Engineering & Construction Engineering & OEM s Integrated Building Management Solutions Property Managers and Owners (Owner Operators) Governments Software Developers Consultants NGO’s Industry Groups Market Insights
  19. 19. Changes are looming for citizens Mixed transport Alternative energy supplies for vehicles, keeping pace with flow of traffic; less polluting at peak times Gaming our lives Augmented reality, 3d worlds to involve citizens in planning their use of city resources; try ideas + Smart evacuation Reduce loss of life by individually directing people to safety; coordinate emergency response
  20. 20. Smarter Cities - Solutions <ul><li>Analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing overall health of the community vs. national indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Establish goals and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Dashboards </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring progress against goals </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying improvement areas </li></ul><ul><li>Public Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Crime information warehouse </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>Digital surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Energy & Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Smart grid </li></ul><ul><li>Building efficiency assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Water management </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Road user charging </li></ul><ul><li>Fare management </li></ul><ul><li>Transport info management </li></ul><ul><li>Metro Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>EHR Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Home health services </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Smarter Classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation in Research </li></ul><ul><li>Government Services </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen centered design </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Permits and licenses </li></ul><ul><li>Land registries </li></ul>
  21. 21. Smarter transportation: City transformations <ul><li>Stockholm implemented an intelligent toll system in the city center, which resulted </li></ul><ul><li>20% less traffic </li></ul><ul><li>40% lower emissions </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 new users of public transport </li></ul>Hampshire ROMANSE real-time transport monitoring. Notification of delays to commuters: cars, trucks, buses (accidents, road closures). Active control of traffic lights when bus running behind schedule.
  22. 22. Engineering Smarter Cities SMARTER IS … Reducing a city’s traffic congestion and emissions through road usage tolls And today we are … SMARTER IS … Getting real-time line of sight across the transportation supply chain Stockholm, Sweden: An intelligent toll system in the city center resulted in 20% less traffic, 40% lower emissions and 40,000 additional users of the public transportation system. SMARTER IS … Knowing where your in-process components are on the factory floor BMW: Implemented RFID container tracking system improving utilization by 10-20%. SMARTER IS … Knowing real-time about inventory changes in your supply chain
  23. 23. Focus on economic health and welfare of citizens and businesses Public Businesses <ul><li>p roviding needed services creating an economically sound environment improving the quality of life for all </li></ul>
  24. 24. Consider the innovations from the last 50 years <ul><li>50 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>ARPANET commissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre optics created </li></ul><ul><li>Computer mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Halogen Lamb & Colour TV </li></ul><ul><li>45 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Ethernet & Ethernet </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic timing introduced at Tokyo Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>30 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Dyson vacuum cleaner </li></ul><ul><li>20 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Considering how to connect businesses </li></ul><ul><li>No thought of home Internet … </li></ul>
  25. 25. Many questions remain to be answered Source: Urban Land Institute, The City in 2050, published November 2008
  26. 26. Cities of our Future: What ideas do you have?
  27. 27. Let’s Build a Smarter Planet Let’s start with our own city Let’s start with our own home Let’s apply it in our life
  28. 28. IBM has a long history of environmental tradition and leadership. Collaborating to develop solutions … 1971 : T. J. Watson Jr. issued IBM’s first corporate policy on environmental protection 1976 : Think!, the company magazine, devoted an entire issue to IBM’s energy conservation and environmental programs 1989 : IBM offers its first product take-back program 1987 - 2006: Reduction in hazardous waste generation since the 1987 base year of this pollution prevention metric 95% 2007 : Invested in Intelligent Utility Networks, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Project Big Green 2006 : IBMers “Jam” on innovation for a better planet, and IBM invests in Big Green Innovations 2006 : Amount of IT product and product waste processed by IBM’s product End-of-Life Management operations that was reused or recycled 96% 1990 - 2006: Between 1990 and 2006, IBM’s global energy conservation actions reduced or avoided CO 2 emissions equal to 44% of its 1990 emissions 44% 1990 : Think! Devoted an entire issue to IBM’s environmental programs – beginning IBM’s annual Corporate Environmental Reporting 1991 : Established IBM’s Product Stewardship Program 1992 : IBM becomes charter member of Energy Star Program 1994 : Established Global Materials Recovery Center Network for product re-use and recycling 1997: IBM becomes the first major multi-national to earn a single global registration to the ISO 14001 environmental management system standard
  29. 29. + + = An opportunity for cities to think and act in new ways.

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