TYPES OF TOURIST BY: Mr Samukelo Innocent Luyanda Nkonyeni UJ B Ed 3rd year student
Definition of what a tourist and an excursionist is 15 Different types of tourist How to draw tourist profiles
What is a Tourist?• Is a person who travels away from home for leisure, business or other purposes for longer than a day e.g. 24 hours but less than a year. An excursionist is a person who arrives at the destination and departs on the same day. Tourists are classified, according to their needs and their reasons for travelling, into four broad categories: business and professional tourist leisure and holiday tourists tourists travelling to visit friends and relatives (VFR) Youth tourists, including backpackers and gap year travellers. The tourism industry tries to meet the needs of all types of tourists by providing suitable facilities and services for each category.
• Business tourist: travel is related to business and the world of work. MESE which stands for meetings, exhibitions and special events. These are all part of the business world. All major cities have conference centres that cater for the needs of business tourists. An example of a business tourist would be a salesman who travels to another city to attend a trade show and promote the products he sells. • Education tourists: travel to attend a place of learning in another town, city, or country, in order to study for or improve a qualification. They may also be people that attend workshops to learn new skills or improve existing ones. A clinic nurse who travels to another province to attend a workshop about infectious diseases is an example of an educational tourist. • Incentive tourists: are people who are rewarded in the form of a company paid holiday for their hard work, or for achieving goals set by their company. This incentive to travel motivates employees to work harder, improves work relationships, and builds team spirit. A salesman who receives a holiday package for achieving the most sales in the company is an example of an incentive tourist. • Health or medical tourist: travel because they want to visit a holiday spa, needs medical special treatment that is only available away from home, undergo procedures that are cheaper in another country, or are recovering from an illness in a healthier climate. Many tourist come from oversees countries to South Africa to have plastic surgery.
Adventure tourist: want an unusual and exciting experience. They want to participate in activities that may be dangerous, such as rock climbing, river rafting, skydiving, shark cave diving and bungee jumping. Cultural tourist: want to experience different cultures, such as San rock art, or cultural related festivals such as the National Art Festival in Grahams-town, or the International Jazz Festival in Cape Town. They would also want to experience the World Heritage Sites in the country. Eco-tourists: travel to experience nature such as traveling to Bonita Gardens in Bloemfontein South Africa Leisure tourist: want to rest and relax and have a break from the usual routine Examples of this type of tourism are a cruise on a cruise liner, a trip on a Blue train, attending a special music special music performance or relaxing on the beach.
Religious tourist: want to see and experience places of religious importance. There are many religious destinations in the world such as the Hajj in Mecca, Jerusalem in Israel, Varanasi in India, and the Vatican in Rome. During Easter the largest Christian pilgrimage to Zion City, Moria, Limpopo, takes place. More than a million pilgrims travel to Moria to every Easter. Shopping tourist: travel to shopping malls, shopping centres, factory shops, crafts market, festivals, and touring shopping routes such as the Midlands in KwaZulu-Natal. Their main purpose is to buy items. Special interest tourist (STI): have particular interest such as bird watching, food and wine, flowers, fishing during the Sardine Run, or attending the Cape Town Book Fair. Sport and recreation tourist: participate in or watch sporting events. Popular events include the Soccer World Cup, Winblendon Tennis Championship, Comrades Marathon, and Fisher River Canoe Marathon. Surfing, mountain climbing, cricket, swimming, golf and tennis are popular sports.
Tourist visiting friends and relatives (VFR) want to stay in contact with friends and relatives and travel away from home to visit them. These tourist may travel to attend a wedding, funeral, or birthday celebration of friends or relatives.
Backpacking or youth tourist: generally have little luggage, are on a budget, want to experience adventure and excitement, tend to travel independently, enjoy meeting other traveller, and have flexible travel schedules. A group of young tourists on a weekend walking tour in the mountains, or a student touring around the country by bus are examples of this group of tourist. Gap year travellers: do not study further or enter job opportunity after school, instead they take break called a gap year. They travel, work and earn money, learn new skills or do volunteer work in another country. During this time they gain skills and life experience before starting tertiary education. These young people are also known as “gappers”.
To make sure that the needs of all types of tourist are met it is important for travel agents to draw up tourist profile. This is a summary of facts about what tourists want and expect form the travel experience.
name nationality age contact details such as address and telephone number occupation need and preferences, for, example, adventure, sport, one education specific requirement such as accommodation, transport, or food and the length of the trip, and arrival and departure date. Travel agents prepare tourist profiles of their clients and use the information when arranging trips for them. This will ensure that the specific needs of the tourist are met.
1 Explain the following 2 Match the type of tourist with tourism experience: acronyms used in tourism Tourist interest Tourism experience SIT (1) Loves wildlife (A) A wetland sanctuary MESE (2) Enjoys nature (B) Run the Comrades VFR (3) Keen on sports (c) Shark cage diving (4) Keen on adventure (D) The White Lions of Timbavati
3 Describe each of the following by giving an example: Cultural tourist Eco-tourist Incentive tourist Gap year traveller
John Brown, from Sydney, is visiting South Africa for ten days to celebrate his 24th birthday. He wants to experience as many adventure attractions as he can before he returns home on Christmas day. He is a sports science consultant, does not eatmeat, and wants to taste some South African food. He wants to take photographs of wildlife and the new friends in the hostels in which he will stay. His back contains all his clothes and sleeping bag. He does not have enough money for fancyrestaurant or expensive gifts. He forgot his international driver’s license at home.
1. 3 A) Cultural Tourist: want to experience different cultures, such as San rock art, or cultural related SIT: Special Interest festivals such as the National Art Festival in Graham-stown, or the International Jazz Festival in Tourist Cape Town. They would also want to experience the World Heritage Sites in the country. MESE: meetings, B) Eco-tourist: want to travel to experience the natural environment and experience different exhibitions and special cultures. The sustainable of resources is important to these tourists. An example of this type of this events tourism would be visiting the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in Kwa-Zulu Natal. VFR: Visiting Friends C) Incentive tourists: are people who are rewarded in the form of a company paid holiday for their hard and Relatives work, or for achieving goals set by their company. This incentive to travel motivates employees to work harder, improves work relationships, and builds2 team spirit. A salesman who receives a holiday package for achieving the most sales in the company D is an example of an incentive tourist. D) Gap year travellers: do not study further or enter A job opportunity after school, instead they take break called a gap year. They travel, work and earn money, learn new skills or do volunteer work in another B country. During this time they gain skills and life experience before starting tertiary education. These C young people are also known as “gappers”.
Name Mr. John BrownNationality AustralianAge 24Contact details 2 Boundary Road, Bondi Beach Sydney (Learners may supply made up contact detail)Occupation Sports Science ConsultantNeeds and preferences • Accommodation – hostel • Sport – watch local rugby • Photography – trip to a game reserve • Food – visit to township restaurant. Mr Brown is a vegetarian so make sure vegetarian food is availableSpecific requirements • Transport- bus, for journeys between cities, minibus taxi in and around towns, air for the long flight • DietaryBudget Low to middle
Brown, D. Holomisa, T. Kota, l, et al (2011). Via Afrika Tourism Grade10 teachers Guide. Types of tourist and tourist profile (pp.7-9). Heerengracht: Cape Town