The FINAB Concept1. Air Bases are a Fatal Liability2. Maneuver Air Support must Move with Groundmaneuver units
Air Bases are a Fatal Liability1. Aircraft cannot fly 24/7/365 so spend most of timeon ground2. Aircraft on obvious air basses easy to spot, hit anddestroy by vertical attack of enemy aircraft, missiles,rockets, bombs etc.3. Aircraft on obvious air bases easy to destroy byhorizontal enemy ground attacks4. Airbases with thousands of Americans causecivilians to rebel against our presence5. Air bases subsidize overly complicated, costlyaircraft creating “death spiral” of lesser and lesserquantities to point of defacto disarmament
Maneuver Air Support must Move with Ground maneuver units1. Since aircraft can’t fly 24/7/365if they are stuck at air base, as ground maneuverunits go forward aircraft must fly farther and fartherand have less time on station2. Ground units must have overhead air observationand attack 24/7/365: aircraft must be co-located3. STOL aircraft do not need paved runways; simpleaircraft do not need air bases4. Aircraft that can be carried in ISO shippingcontainers can be moved by land, sea or air w/obeing flown. Ground mobility avoids bad weatherfrom keeping aircraft from moving w/maneuver units
To prepare for the fast-moving battlefield situations of WW2, the German Army had WW1 Ace Fieseler design a small, light fixed-wing airplane that could land without need of runways to co-locate itself with their blitzkrieg tank forces (panzers). The Fi-156 “Storch” to this day is a remarkable plane that can take off in under 150 feet and land in under 50, the world’s first STOL aircraft! The Fi-156’s wings could fold so it could be towed on a trailer or using its own landing gear. Fi-156s were so great they were built after the war, too! The 3,000 German Fi-156s gave Rommel a birds’ eye view of his battles, saved downed pilots, rescued Mussolini in a commando raid, flew wounded men back to hospitals, in desert, mud, snow... Fi-156 Storch F-8 BearcatAfter the war, the French built Fi-156s and towed folding wingfighter-bombers into action in Indo-China for air support
Phase I: Killer BD-17-In-a-Box (KBINAB)GOAL: Get U.S. Army Brigades to own/operatetheir own O/A UP-CAVs with artillery units as intimes pastMEANS: Build prototype Killer BD-17 system anddemonstrate to all possible Army units and offerat below-the-political-budgetary-radar-screen
Killer BD-17 is smaller than RQ-1 Predator UCAVsin use by U.S. Army now, but will not have 50% crashrate
U.S. Army realized Fi-156 STOL liaison craft were vital; purchased thousands of STOL planes “grasshoppers” foundL-4 Piper Cub the enemy, directed arty/air strikes, medevaced wounded Soldiers; could land anywhere…Patton thought about crossing Rhine using hundreds On roads On dirt trails On grassy fields
During WW2, Korea and Vietnam, U.S. Army/marine forces had light liaisonaircraft that could be co-located with them on the ground with folding wings andcould be towed by trucks (today UAVs move by trailer), were very simple tomaintain to fly continuously overhead and report back enemy activities forartillery barrages, aircraft strikes and their own decisive “Maneuver Air Support”(MAS) with light weaponry before enemy could flee; Cessna (L-19) O-1 BirdDog light plane could take off and land in a football field but was slow (100 mph),unarmored, poorly armed to defend self.. U.S. Army Dark Shadow UAVs are transported by trailers but are unarmed to do anything about what they viewHere an Army Grasshopper plane is put on back of a truck andtaken to a ship where it will launch off a small deck for the invasionof North Africa Major Strong’s excellent account of Bird Dogs in Vietnam War: www.strongware.com/23
Modern Bird Dog replacement: “Killer BD-17” MiniCOIN canshort-take-off and land under 300 feet like O-1but powered by safe heavy fuel diesel/JP-8 as groundvehicles use: “Grasshopper” MAS aircraft for modern,non-linear battlefields!Helicopters are difficult to keep flying, noisy, slow; UAVs lack peripheralvision and investigative instinct = result U.S. troops no longer haveManeuver Air Support under their operational control!
Killer BD-17 MiniCOINuses DeltaHawk 160 horsepower Diesel/JP-8 heavy fuel enginefor greater safety and fuel economy! Engine weighs just 327 lbs!http://deltahawkengines.com/diesel00.shtmlhttp://deltahawkengines.com/econom01.shtml
CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN can carry pilot/observerand 2 passengers. Underneath cargo pod carriesFLIR/night vision sensors and data imagery relay suite
CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN is safe: all people insidecan bail-out or entire plane brought to ground by ballisticparachute or STOL land into any open area 100 feet or larger As of May 2005, BRS parachutes have saved 177 lives! http://brsparachutes.com/lifesave.html
Pilot/Observer-Gunner TA-50* Army visored flight ballistic helmet w/radiomicrophone (GFE)* Tan NOMEX flight suit* Nomex gloves* Desert Boots* Jump-capable Camel-Bak for H20* Interceptor Body Armor (GFE) (sit on rear plate)* IBA pouches for 7.62mm mags, SEREkit with water purifier* Butler seat parachute* When operating over remote areas a foldingmountain bike or Darby ATACs carts to carry extra water and/or covergreater distances at less exertion if forced down
Any flat surface at least 100 feet long, allows the MASCH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN to land & take off, to be co-located with ground maneuver units and to act as liaisonwith supported ground units--direct coordination insuresunderstanding Real World Imagery from Iraq
CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN “Mudfighter” Modifications Goal is for CH-801 pilots to confidently land on any rural plowed farm field even if wet/muddy and not have wheels get stuck and crash/flip-over 33. Roll cage will bend/flexand right aircraft even ifit flips over 2 2. Skis around wheels will insure forward sliding movement even if 1 wheels mire into mud and prevent flip-over; snow/ice STOL and water taxi landing capability, sharp edge can cut vegetation if encountered 1 . Dave Hansen’s Track-Wheels Reduce ground pressure to under 2 PSI
CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN is designed to be operated from a fieldenvironment and be ground mobile on trailers and in ISO containers to beresponsive to troops and remain overhead continuously This easy-to-maintain MAS capability is yet to be fully exploited!
Attack: Human Airborne Forward Air Controllers (AFACs)in CH-801s have excellent visibility to investigatesigns of enemy activity and down-link live video imagery toPathfinders below who can coordinate air strikes and/orground maneuver from M113 Gavin light tracked armoredfighting vehicles
As video imagery is fed down to Ground FAC Pathfinders below; objectsof interest can be safely investigated by human observers in the airbefore lethal fires are bought to bear: preventing fratricide “I see a suspicious bus on your video feed, should you attack it?”
“We see a mortar in a courtyard!” “Engage! Its not ours!”
Attack Element can hit enemies before they can run since CH-801 carries light armaments; can also direct GFAC Pathfinders to laser target designate for other strike aircraft with heavier ordnance to be brought to bear…air helps those on ground and ground helps air = TEAMWORK!CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOIN can carry7-rocket M260 pods under its wingswith 14 x 2.75” Hydra 70mm smoke,HE, HEAT, Frag rockets
Each Attack Pathfinder carries a M16 in 7.62mm x 51mm NATO* Solves complaints of 5.56mm bullet not lethal enough in Iraq* Can be mounted as M113 Gavin ground vehicle and CH-801 air vehicleweapons* 20" lightweight contour fluted barrel f/cooling* Adjustable front post and flip rear peep sight* Removable carrying handle to allow for scope mounting w/Picatinny rails* M16A2 type handguards with Picatinny rails* Unloaded weight: 8 3/4 lbs* Can be jumped during bail-out* Folding stock option more compact for firing from Gavins/SparrowHawks* Affordable $1K priceBUSHMASTERwww.bushmaster.com/shopping/weapons/308/bcwa2s30820iz.aspwww.bushmaster.com/le/bushmaster_weapons_system_offers.htm
Heads-Up-Display type weapons sights enable full-auto firing accuracy when Gavin and SparrowHawk vehicle mounted, pin-point and snap shooting accuracy when on foot www.bushmaster.com/shopping/scopes/eot-510.asp Iron Sights retained as back-upWith “heads-up display” technology adapted from F-14 Tomcat Fighters, the Holosight is the first electro-optic sighting system to apply holographic technology to small arms. The HDS uses state of the artdigital electronics design, and is waterproof, fog proof and shockproof. Twenty brightness levels ensureproper brightness control in either low light or bright sunlight. An on-board microprocessor providesautomatic battery check indicator, up/down brightness scrolling and programmable auto shut downfeatures. All electronics are fully encapsulated in shock absorbing resin compound, and the HDS hasbeen extensively tested on recoil simulators that mimic the recoil of a .454 Casull revolver. The sightstubeless design provides an unobstructed field of view and encourages two-eyes-open shooting. Simplylook through the 1/4" thick shatterproof laminate window, place the reticle image on the target and shoot.Retical patterns are instantly visible in even the lowest light, instinctive to center regardless of theshooting angle or position, and remain in view between shots. Additionally, anti-glare coatings on theoptical surface eliminate any muzzle side reflective signature, and a rugged “roll-bar” hood protects thedisplay. Commonly available type N alkaline batteries power the HDS and yield approx. 70 hrs.continuous use at setting 12. The HDS will mount to any 1" standard Weaver dovetail mounting rail andallows access to existing iron sight systems. Flat-top or handle style applications are shown at left - thebi-level handle mount is an optional extra.
RightM113 Gavin wing gunners can attach Lefttheir 7.62mm full-auto M16s behind aprotective gunshield Need Picatinny M16 rail mount to connect lower handguard into gunshield tray
Other Capabilities: CH-801 SparrowHawk MiniCOINs can dropCopterBox supply pods to units in need of ammunition, food, water,radios, and medical items with great precision…can fight waythrough enemy opposition to sustain our men. During Army 3rd ID’s“Thunder Run” into Baghdad this could have helped greatly... Large vertically opening side doors make it easy to drop supplies and/or Paratroopers
Chuck Warren’s CopterBox disposable airdrop resupply A B C . . . CopterBox: A. Kit B. Rigged C. Autorotative descent Low-Cost! Less than $400 per box www.dropmaster.com
Mohawks can also carry 1-3 personnel to rapidly evacuate casualties orinsert/extract Special Forces Commandos During WW2, Alamo Scouts inserted/extracted into the Philippines using Army Grasshopper Liaison aircraft! Patton wanted to put troops across the Rhine river in the same way!
ANTI-UAV: CH-801s can fly continuously to be in position to hunt downand destroy low-flying enemy UAVs to deny enemy the ability to spy on us.Humans are needed in the loop to insure friendly drones are notaccidentally downedhttp://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/nm/20050411/wl_nm/lebanon_israel_dc_3Hizbollah Flies Drone Over Northern IsraelMon Apr 11, 4:47 PM ETBy Hussein SaadTYRE, Lebanon (Reuters) - Lebanons Hizbollah guerrillas flew an unmanned surveillance drone over northern Israel on Monday, thegroup and the Israeli army said."In response to repeated and continuous enemy violations of Lebaneseairspace, the surveillance planeMersad 1 carried out a ]reconnaissance mission in the skies of occupied northern Palestine, flying over several Zionist colonies," a Hizbollah statement said.The flight at 5.15 p.m.(1015 EDT) flew as far south as Acre on the Israelicoast, the statement said.Israelisecurity sources said the small aircraft flew for several minutes over Israeli territory and then returned to Lebanon before Israeli aircraftcould intercept it."A short while ago, a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle)flown by the Hizbollah terrorist organization flew over westernGalilee in Israeli territory," an Israeli military spokeswoman said in Jerusalem.Witnesses said Israeli warplanes broke the sound barrierover the southern Lebanese port city of Tyre and a nearby Palestinian refugee camp just after Hizbollah announced the flight.The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), which monitors the border between Israel and Lebanon, said it was checkingthe report. "There have been a few violations by drones and jets today," a UNIFIL spokesman said. A senior Israeli airforce officialvoiced concern that Hizbollah had sent the aircraft to escalate tensions along Israels border with Lebanon while Syria waswithdrawing its forces from Lebanon after U.S.-led pressure."It is an attempt to harass us and send a message that Hizbollah is still there," the official told Reuters."Hizbollah is aiming for massive disruptions ... Hizbollah understands that Syrias move away (from Lebanon) is a chance to shore up its agenda to fight (Israel)," he said.The U.N. Security Council in September called on Hizbollah, backed by Syria and Iran, to disarm.Hizbollah said in November it had flown a small reconnaissance drone into Israel for the first time in response to repeated Israeliviolations of Lebanese airspace. Hizbollah said the November flight had taken photos of Israeli towns and returned safely to base. Butwitnesses said they saw a drone crash into the sea. The United Nations said in January it was gravely concerned about a flare-up ofviolence between the Jewish state and Hizbollah, which wants to drive Israeli forces from the disputed Shebaa Farms border area.Syria, Lebanon and Hizbollah say the area is Lebanese. The United Nations says it is Syrian land. Hizbollah was one of the mainforces behind Israels withdrawal from southern Lebanon in 2000.
www.strategypage.com/dls/articles/2004111220.aspJames Dunnigan reports:The Lebanese based terrorist group Hizbollah took credit for a small UAV that came downIsraelis Mediterranean coast on November 7th, flew over an Israeli town for 15 minutes and thenflew back into Lebanon. Hizbollah called their UAV "Mirsad 1", but it was probably an IranianAbabil. The Iranians have been developing UAVs for nearly a decade. Their Ababil is a 183pound UAV with a ten foot wing span, a payload of about 80 pounds, a cruising speed of 290kilometers an hour and an endurance of 90 minutes. The Ababil is known to operate as far as120 kilometers from its ground controller. but it also has a guidance system that allows it to fly apre-programmed route and then return to the control by its ground controllers for a landing(which is by parachute). The Ababil can carry a variety of day and night still and video cameras.There are many inexpensive and very capable cameras available on the open market, as is theequipment needed to transmit video and pictures back to the ground. The Israeli air defenseorganization was embarrassed by this undetected UAV flight. In 1987, a Hizbollah commandoflew undetected into northern Israel using an ultralight vehicle (somewhat larger than the Ababil), landed near a military camp, and killed six soldiers before hewas killed. This led to the air defense system in northern Israel being upgradedto prevent that sort of thing happening again. Since then, the Israelis havedetected other ultralights and small aircraft trying to enter Israel, and have stoppedthem. But during the November 7th flight, the UAV moved at an altitude of under300 feet, and was the smallest aircraft the Israelis have had to deal with so far.Nevertheless, the Israeli air defenses were apparently supposed to be capableof spotting something like an Ababil UAV.
KB17-IAB Team Attack Element 6X Flex-Cells ButchWalker’s ANT-ISO or CDK mobilizer wheels moves ISO container with CH-801 Driver Gunner Chief Pilot Observer mechanic mechanic mechanic Pathfinder Element Each Gavin has a power inverter for 110v AC and to charge small NiMH batteries Driver TC/Leader GFAC One Gavin tows a special M149 water buffalo with “Rhino Snot” to seal a 300’ x 20’ STOL runway Gavins that tow KB17-IAB have dozer blades to scrape/flatten out the STOL runway
Joint Attack Pathfinder Team lives in their BattleBoxes when not on dutyin the air in SparrowHawks or on ground in Gavins Twin doors for air flow Insulated walls to hold in heat in winter, cool air in summerBallistic doors have provision to fit A/C unit or SwampCooler fan, must be accessible if BB is below ground;lockable from outside for weapons security in CONUSbut can always open from inside for safety escape Battle Box Interior/Configuration
Removable Kevlar top cover with hard smooth outer and slight peak forces rain water and snow from roof and acts as top insulation layer; G.I. camou net system can cover entire BB to hide from detection from above/far away acIdeal would be a top cover with embedded solar panels to power at leastoverhead lights and fan if not the A/C unit, recharge small batteries fortroops’ night vision devices, radios etc. so there is no noise and fueldemand from generators. Smoke detector and emergency fireextinguisher pull-handle dumps foam to smother anyfire throughout boxBattle Against the Earth
Red/ White overhead light options In addition to solar and battery power, recharging by pedal power... B BB B David Butcher’s Leg crank Wall has row of 12 volt peda-generator keeps deep-cycle batteries to batteries charged power internal overhead lights and fans using RV technology with vents toBattle Against the Earth outside
6 fold up/down bunks can be attached to either wall though should be wall against earth barrier to dodge blast over-pressure Two storage lockers run along bottom of BB to lock weapons, NVDs, ammo and personal itemsBattle Against the Earth
Detachable Standard issue metal Fold up/down table with partitions folding chairs provide for computer cubicle effect creates seats either a desk or place to sit/eat. Flat screen TV and DVD player on this wall could be viewed by troops from their bunksBattle Against the Earth
Troops can rapidly leave/enter BB Stepped Ramp/Slide: troops use steps to reach top of BB; can use other smooth side to slide down on their butts to get to ground faster; it worksBattle Against the Man
Gavin bulldozers can pile earth around Battle Boxes to provide RPG,bullet and rocket protection in above-ground configuration; Rhino Snotprevents it becoming mud Battle Against the Man
Fold-up earth-filled guard tower on top of Battle Boxprovides 360 degree security. Earth fills protectsagainst RPG, bullet and rockets, all walls andguard tower fit inside BB for shipment tocombat area!Battle Against the Man
Amaze-N-Tow ISO: Here is an animation of the scaled-upAmaze-N-Tow ISO container (ANT ISO) to enableemplacement and movement of BBs by owning units Amaze-N-Tow ISO can do double-BB tows to enable units to self-move all the BBs they need/own without outside help
CDK Mobilizer wheels are already in U.S. military service butcost $85K each. They don’t add width so they can be driven onU.S. highways. The Dory ISO container carrier is cheaper but widerso we can’t drive on highways without escort vehicles/hassles. CDK Mobilizer wheels Dory ISO container carrier
Joint Attack Pathfinder MAS TeamsOperational prototype acquisition costsPurchase 6 x CH-801 SparrowHawks $120K12 x Flex-Cell 50 gal fuel bladders $24K6 x DeltaHawk diesel engines $150KFLIR/Electro-optical sensors $60KIRCM, Chaff, rocket pods GFE6 x Darby ATAC E&R backpacks $6K6 x High-Mobility ANT-ISO Trailers $60K6 x ISO container “Battle Boxes” $30K1 x RS water buffalo f/ STOL runway $10K*12 x M113 Gavin GFAC TAFVs $12K**6 x Laser designators GFE6 x Air/Ground Radio systems GFE100 x CopterBoxes $3K42 x persnel wpns training GUNSITE $42K42 x M16 7.62mm assault rifles $42K42 x Tan Nomex jumpsuits/helmets $42Kand miscellaneous TA-50 etc. $42K__________________________________________TOTAL $603K* Includes Rhino Snot ** Need local law enforcement agency to be official owners
Joint Attack Pathfinder MAS Teams Operations costsThe costs for maintaining the aircraft, supplying spare parts,conducting flight testing for new capabilities (e.g. wing-mountedlitters) is going to be much greater. Figure on a contractor-suppliedwork force of 6 pilots, 6 observers (might be uniformedand no cost), 12 crew chief/maintenance (airframe, armament,avionics, engine), etc. + 18 Attack Pathfinders @$50k/year salaryFor a two year period, we estimate this at:12 x Air Crewmen $600K/year12 x A/G Maintenance men $600K/year18 x Driver/TCs/Pathfinders $900K/yearSpare Parts PLL $100K/yearTotal $2.2M/year