Copyright 65


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Copyright 65

  1. 1. “To Copy or Not to Copy”<br />That is the Question!<br />By: Ma. De Lourdes Mata<br />
  2. 2. How do you define copyright?<br />How do you identify if a particular material on the internet is copyright?<br />
  3. 3. Merriam Webster’s definition of copyright:<br />“the sole right to reproduce, publish, and sell a literary or artistic work.”<br />
  4. 4. We all recognize this as the official copyright symbol….<br />
  5. 5. The fact is, we do not see it very often.<br />Does this mean material in the internet is free game?<br />How often do we see the symbol on the internet?<br />
  6. 6. Unfortunately, just because you do not see a copyright symbol on material you find on the internet, it DOES NOT mean it is NOT copyright protected.<br />The internet is the place where you least see the copyright symbol, yet it is where the majority of the material IS copyright.<br />
  7. 7. The copyright symbol need not appear in a work in order to be copyright protected.<br />As a matter of fact, any material posted on the internet becomes copyright as soon as it is posted.<br />Anything posted on the internet after March 1, 1989<br />is copyright protected.<br />Anyone who posts anything on the internet should expect their work to be copied.<br />Then of course, there may be some that do not expect the work to be copied.<br />This first mix up takes us to implied and express licenses.<br />
  8. 8. An implied license is simply that; an indirectlyexpressed permission.<br />Indirect Expression is very vague and leaves an room for so much misinterpretation. <br />Implied License<br />
  9. 9. I posted a picture of my dog eating ice cream on Facebook. One of my friends copied the picture, took it to Sam’s Photo Lab, and walked out with a 16x20 photograph of my dog. She displayed it in her veterinary office when she redecorated. (Without asking or acknowledging me!)<br />She should have asked me if she could use my dog’s picture.<br />I should have assumed someone would fall in love with it and use it as they wished.<br />See how quickly this could go back and forth?<br />Implied License example:<br />
  10. 10. An express license in not implied, but rather, it is Expressed.<br />Had my dog picture been posted, and I would have included a note saying, “you may print picture, but only in 3x6, black & white photos” I am expressing that the picture can be reproduced without further authorization.<br />Express license<br />
  11. 11. Fair use allows for copying of internet material, without permission so long as the copying is for fair use.<br />Fair use of copyright material<br />
  12. 12. Certain materials can be copied from the internet without permission….depending on the purpose of the use.<br />There are a few resources that may help educators determine in material they intend to copy if within the limits of fair use.<br />Fair use<br />
  13. 13. This is a four question test that you may want to ask yourself the next time you want to copy something from the internet. It may be used as a guide to help you determine whether or not you are copying within the fair use doctrine.<br />Copyright Act of 1976<br />
  14. 14. Ask yourself first:<br />“What is the purpose and character of the use?<br />Is the nature of the use commercial or no-commercial (nonprofit educational).<br />Question #1<br />
  15. 15. Ask yourself second:<br />What is the nature of the copyrighted work?<br />Is the work published, not published, fact, imaginative?<br />Question #2<br />
  16. 16. Ask yourself thirdly:<br />What is the amount of work I am going to use? <br />What is the proportion of the copied work and the copyrighted work?<br />Question #3<br />
  17. 17. Lastly ask yourself:<br />What effect will my copying have on the profits of the copyright work?<br />Will take away monetarily from the author?<br />Question #4<br />
  18. 18. There are two other guides that my help you decide whether you can or cannot copy material on the internet.<br />Fair Use Evaluator:<br />Exceptions for Instructors eTool:<br /><br />Online copyright education tools<br />
  19. 19. copyright. 2011. In Retrieved Aug. 31, 2011, from<br /><br /><br />Citations<br />