2) Water for the Future<br /><ul><li>Water shortages are a serious threat to Australia’s economy and way of life.
The Australian Government is investing $12.9 billion in a 10-year national water plan, Water for the Future, which is focusing on four priorities :</li></ul> -taking action on climate change<br /> -using water wisely<br /> -Securing water supplies for households and businesses <br /> -restoring the health of Australia’s rivers<br />
II. Politics and historyA) Brief history of Australia1) From the aborigine to the European invasion-The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines-Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century -In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland. - A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson in 1788-The six colonies became states and in 1901 federated into the Commonwealth of Australia <br />
2) From the WW to the XXI century-Australia fought alongside Britain in World WarI-Participation in World War II helped Australia forge closer ties to the United States.- three political parties: the Australian Labour Party, the Liberal Party, and the National Party. -About 40% of its immigrants came from Asia, -In Sept. 1999, Australia led the international peacekeeping force sent to restore order in East.<br />
B) Today’s politics scene of the country<br />1) Australian political system<br />-The Commonwealth of Australiais a federal constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy<br />-The structure of the Australian Government may be examined in light of two distinct concepts, namely federalismand the separation of powers into legislative, executive and judiciary branches of government<br />-The Australian electoral system has evolved over nearly 150 years of continuous democratic government<br /> -Number of distinctive features as compulsory voting, and preferential voting.<br />
2) Short resume of the actual prime minister- Julia Eileen Gillard is the 27th and current Prime Minister of Australia since June 2010.- In December 2006, Kevin Rudd was elected Labor leader and Leader of the Opposition, with Gillard as deputy leader.- Gillard became the Deputy Prime Minister upon Labor's victory in the 2007 federal election -The 2010 federal election saw the incumbent Gillard Labor governmentelected to a second term<br />
Sophisticated financial</li></ul> services sector<br /><ul><li>Foreign investment</li></li></ul><li>B) The impact of crises<br /><ul><li> Today the unemployment is better and Australia is a model for many countries.</li></li></ul><li>C) Which future for the country ?<br />Finally, Australia seems to be a good place where young entrepreneurs can find their own “place in sunshine”. There are some examples of Australian “successful story”:<br />Ryan Djurovich, <br />Alana Maybus<br />Mike Jarocki<br />Young Australians setting up their own businesses <br />Mathew Carpenter <br />
IV. SocialA) A mixed population1) The aborigine “problem”<br />
2) Today, a muchcontrasted population<br /><ul><li> In conclucion:</li></ul>Australia = a cultural<br /> diversity<br />
B) A different way of life1) The traditions<br /><ul><li> The national hymn: AdvanceAustraliaFair
The national flag</li></li></ul><li>2) Zoom on the school system<br />The school system in few words:<br /><ul><li>Schooling in Australia typically lasts 13 years.
School education is mandatory until age 15 or 16, </li></ul>depending on the state or territory.<br /><ul><li>Teaching at Australian schools is highly interactive.
Many International students</li></li></ul><li>C) The Australian art & culture<br />VISUAL ARTS<br />Art historians generally group Australian visual arts under the headings of<br /> Indigenous, early colonial, the Heidelberg School and the modernists of the 20th century and beyond.<br />Australia has a number of notable museums and galleries.<br />SPORTING EXCELLENCE<br />Sport in Australia is more than just a pastime. It plays a major role in shaping the country’s identity and culture, so much so that sport is often referred to as ‘Australia’s national religion’.<br />
Arthur Streeton, Golden Summer, Eaglemont, 1889<br />Aboriginal Rock Art, Ubirr Art Site, <br />Kakadu National Park <br />Sydney Parkinson, Two of the Natives of New Holland Advancing, To Combat (1770).<br /> Knut Bull, Wreck of the George III, 1850<br />
National Gallery<br /> of Victoria<br />Cattle Drinking (1915)<br /> by Hans Heysen<br />A 1950's landscape by Albert Namatjira, who established the Hermannsburg School<br />Sunbaker(1937) an iconicphotograph by Max Dupain<br />