BLASCO, JOY MARIE D.
The agreement called for:
• The establishment of autonomy in Southern
• Legislative assembly (that) shall be
constituted through direct election
• Executive council formed through
appointments by the legislative assembly.”
Such autonomy would give Muslims
the right to have their own administrative
system and set up their own courts that
implement Shari‟ah laws.
The Tripoli Agreement also gave
Muslims the following:
• The right to be represented in all courts including the Supreme
• The right to set up schools, colleges and universities;
• Their own economic and financial system;
• Representation and participation in the central government and
in all organs of the state; and
• The right to organize their own special regional security forces in
The Tripoli of Agreement left the
following to the central government:
• Competence in foreign policy
• Concern over national defense
• Competence over mines and
mineral resources are left to the
• Competence over mines and mineral
resources had to be mutually agreed upon
between the autonomous Muslim government
and the central government.
• The agreement also provided other “points
left for discussion,” including the integration of
MNLF forces in the Armed Forces of the
• It also called for a ceasefire to be declared
upon the signing of the Tripoli Agreement “but
not later” than Jan. 20, 1977.
The Tripoli agreement was lacking sufficient
detail, and therefore, the two panels agreed to meet
first in Libya, from February 9 to March 3, and then in
Manila, from April 21 to 30, 1997 to finalize it.
• First meeting (In Libya): the two panels could not
agree in the degree of autonomy to be handed to
the Moros and the definite role the MNLF had play
• Second meeting(In Manila): the talk was reduced
to a „grammar class‟.
Enrile said that the Tripoli Agreement violated the
“The territorial and political subdivisions of the
Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities
• Regions of the country could not be considered “political
• Merely organized for administrative purposes
Is negotiation the only form of
struggle to achieve a just and lasting
Or is it merely used as a weapon to
gain time, accumulate resources, and
consolidate power for the next round
Negotiation can be used to:
• Exploit the weakness of the other party
• Weapon to misrepresent he government as
just and reasonable
When the government agreed to sit
down with the MNLF to talk, it was
resorting to the time tested tactic:
when hard-pressed, negotiate.
Marcos dispossessed Moros of their remaining land
holdings through his ‘land reform programs.’
Tripoli Agreement was viewed as another Kiram-Bates
Treaty of 1899.
-just a scrap of paper
-used to calm down for the government to prepare.
In a report delivered by Mr. Nur Misuari to
the Eight Conference of the OIC held in Libya,he
claimed, “the Marcos Government, through its
unilateral and highly reprehensible acts, has
succeeded in abrogating the Tripoli Agreement
as well as the Khadaffy-Marcos understanding of