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Judicial Department


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Sections 3 and 4. Judicial Department. Political Science

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Judicial Department

  1. 1. ARTICLE VIII JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT Sections 3 and 4 Reporter: Joy Marie D. Blasco BEED-ENGLISH IV
  2. 2.  Section 3 The Judiciary shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. Appropriations for the Judiciary may not be reduced by the legislature below the amount appropriated for the previous year and, after approval, shall be automatically and
  3. 3.  JUDICIAR Y
  5. 5.
  6. 6.  Discussion Safeguards for the independence of the judiciary 1. The Supreme Court is a constitutional body. It cannot be abolished nor may its membership or the manner of its meetings be changed by mere legislation.
  7. 7.  2. The members of the Supreme Court may not be removed except by impeachment.
  8. 8.  Chief Justice Maria Lourdes P. A. Sereno Justice Antonio T. Carpio Justice Presbitero J. Velasco, Jr. Justice Teresita J. Leonardo-De Castro Justice Arturo D. Brion Justice Diosdado M. Peralta Justice Lucas P. Bersamin
  9. 9.  Justice Mariano C. Del Castillo Justice Martin S. Villarama, Jr. Justice Jose P. Perez Justice Jose C. Mendoza Justice Bienvenido L. Reyes Justice Estela M. Perlas-Bernabe Justice Marvic Mario Victor F. Leonen Justice Francis H. Jardeleza ancis H. Jardeleza
  10. 10.  3. The Supreme Court may not be deprived of its minimum original and appellate jurisdiction as prescribed by the constitution. 4. The appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court may not be increased by law without its advice and concurrence.
  11. 11.  5. The Supreme Court now has administrative supervision over all inferior courts and their personnel. 6. The Supreme Court has exclusive power to discipline judges of lower court.
  12. 12.  7. The members of the Supreme Court and all lower courts have security of tenure, which cannot be undermined by a law reorganizing the judiciary. 8. Members of the Supreme Court and judges of lower courts shall not be designated to any agency performing quasi-judicial or administrative functions.
  13. 13.  9. The salaries of judges may not be reduced during their continuance of office. 10. The judiciary shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. 11. The Supreme Court alone may initiate rules of court. 12. Only the Supreme Court may order the temporary derail of judges. 13. The Supreme Court can appoint officials and employees
  14. 14.  Section 4 SECTION 4. (1) The Supreme Court shall be composed of a Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices. It may sit en banc or in its discretion, in divisions of three, five, or seven Members. Any vacancy shall be
  15. 15.  Section 4 (2) All cases involving the constitutionality of a treaty, international or executive agreement, or law, which shall be heard by the Supreme Court en banc, and all other cases which under the Rules of Court are required to be heard en banc, including those involving the constitutionality, application, or operation of presidential decrees, proclamations, orders, instructions, ordinances, and other regulations, shall be decided with the concurrence of a majority of the Members who
  16. 16.  Section 4 (3) Cases or matters heard by a division shall be decided or resolved with the concurrence of a majority of the Members who actually took part in the deliberations on the issues in the case and voted thereon, and in no case, without the concurrence of at least three of such Members. When the required number is not obtained, the case shall be decided en banc: Provided, that no doctrine or principle of law laid down by the court in a decision rendered en banc or in division may