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Medicine.net
A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and
permitting sleep.
Wikipedia.org
A sedative or tranquilizer ...
At higher doses it may result
in slurred speech, staggering gait,
poor judgment, and slow,
uncertain reflexes.
Are misused...
• Sluggishness
• Incoordination
• Difficulty in thinking
• Slowness of speech
• Faulty judgment
• Drowsiness
• Shallow bre...
TYPES OF SEDATIVES
are drugs that act as central nervous
system depressants and can therefore produce
a wide spectrum of e...
Nonbenzodiazepine (Z-drug)
are very benzodiazepine-like in nature. Nonbenzodiaze
pinespharmacodynamics are almost entirely...
SOLVENTS
(fast drying glues and adhesives, assorted paint and
petroleum products, lighter fluid, dry-cleaning fluids,
asso...
There is a real risk of vomiting, choking and possibly
unconsciousness. At the very least, expect a king size head ache,
a...
• Suffocation if solvents are inhaled via a plastic bag over the
head. This is also a risk if a gas product is squirted in...
Types of Stimulants
Legal Stimulants
a potent central nervous system stimulant of the
phenethylamine class that is used in...
sometimes called “uppers,”
temporarily increase alertness and
energy. Medical uses
• To counteract lethargy and fatigue th...
EDEPHRINE
Marketed as herbal supplement
and as an asthma reliever. It lowers blood
pressure and it is a nasal congestion
t...
NICOTINE
This stimulant is addictive. That’s
why lots of people can’t stop smoking
cigarettes. The American Heart Associat...
Crack Cocaine
This crystallized cocaine comes from the leaves of
cocoa. Users heat this crystal before smoking it. The nam...
Methamphetamines
They are strong drug
stimulants and are manufactured
illegally. They are usually bought as
OTC medication...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimulant
http://www.medic8.com/drug-addiction/solvents.html
http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/de...
DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)
DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)
DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)
DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)
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DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)

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EFFECTS of DRUGS
Focused on Sedatives, Solvents and Stimulants

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DRUGS (Sedatives, Solvents, Stimulants)

  1. 1. Medicine.net A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Wikipedia.org A sedative or tranquilizer is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritabilityor excitement. Psychology.com Sedatives are central nervous system (CNS) depressants, a category of drugs that slow normal brain function.
  2. 2. At higher doses it may result in slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. Are misused or accidentally combined, as in the case of combining prescription sedatives with alcohol, they can dangerously depress important signals that are needed to maintain heart and lung function.
  3. 3. • Sluggishness • Incoordination • Difficulty in thinking • Slowness of speech • Faulty judgment • Drowsiness • Shallow breathing • Staggering and in severe cases, • Coma • Death.
  4. 4. TYPES OF SEDATIVES are drugs that act as central nervous system depressants and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to total anesthesia. They are also effective as anxiolytics, hypnotics, and anticonvulsants. Benzodiazepines enhance the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma- aminobutyric acid (GABA) at the GABAA receptor, resulting in sedative, hypnotic (sleep- inducing),anxiolytic (anti- anxiety), anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant properties. Benzodiazepines are useful in treating anxiety, insomnia, agitation, seizures, muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal and as apremedication for medical or dental procedures
  5. 5. Nonbenzodiazepine (Z-drug) are very benzodiazepine-like in nature. Nonbenzodiaze pinespharmacodynamics are almost entirely the same as benzodiazepine drugs and therefore employ similar benefits, side-effects, and risks. Antihistamines work well to relieve symptoms of different types of allergies, including seasonal (hay fever), indoor, and food allergies, but they can't relieve every symptom. Antihistamine
  6. 6. SOLVENTS (fast drying glues and adhesives, assorted paint and petroleum products, lighter fluid, dry-cleaning fluids, assorted aerosol sprays, surgical spirit, cleaners etc.) Solvent abuse involves inhaling the fumes from domestic and industrial products creating a strong intoxication. Traditionally referred to as 'glue sniffing',
  7. 7. There is a real risk of vomiting, choking and possibly unconsciousness. At the very least, expect a king size head ache, and a less than handsome red rash around the mouth. • Dazed appearance • Unsteadiness • Slurred speech • Unpredictable behavior. Under the influence of solvents, users can undertake dangerous and reckless acts and be at increased risk from accidents. Long term abuse can lead to a permanent 'sniffer's rash', conjunctivitis, liver, heart and kidney damage and in extreme cases, brain damage. Children are at the greatest risk and some have died after trying solvents for the first time Health risks:
  8. 8. • Suffocation if solvents are inhaled via a plastic bag over the head. This is also a risk if a gas product is squirted into the throat as it causes it to swell which impeded breathing. • Indulging in impulsive or dangerous actions due to the intoxicating effects. • Long term use can damage the brain, liver or kidneys. • Can cause heart problems which may be fatal - even the first time it is used. • Rash around the nose and mouth • Tremors and a lack of co-ordination • Tiredness • Weight loss • Excessive thirst • Cognitive impairment e.g. unable to think clearly, focus or remember something. OTHER RISKS
  9. 9. Types of Stimulants Legal Stimulants a potent central nervous system stimulant of the phenethylamine class that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy
  10. 10. sometimes called “uppers,” temporarily increase alertness and energy. Medical uses • To counteract lethargy and fatigue throughout the day while at work or while doing other activities • To reduce sleepiness and to keep the person awake when necessary, as well as to treat narcolepsy • To decrease appetite and promote weight loss, as well as to treat obesity
  11. 11. EDEPHRINE Marketed as herbal supplement and as an asthma reliever. It lowers blood pressure and it is a nasal congestion treatment. Even if it’s a natural stimulant or supplement, it has the same structure as methamphetamine, but it has lesser effect on the central nervous system. Caffeine stimulates the body’s central nervous system to make the muscles relax. The urine flow will increase too.
  12. 12. NICOTINE This stimulant is addictive. That’s why lots of people can’t stop smoking cigarettes. The American Heart Association states that the body will immediately react with the nicotine through increase heart rate and blood pressure.
  13. 13. Crack Cocaine This crystallized cocaine comes from the leaves of cocoa. Users heat this crystal before smoking it. The name crack is derived from the sound the drug created when being smoked. People can really get addicted on crack and they might probably suffer from psychological and physical damages
  14. 14. Methamphetamines They are strong drug stimulants and are manufactured illegally. They are usually bought as OTC medications. They occur as powders or crystals that are dissolved in alcohol or water before being injected. It is another powerful stimulant that is illegally manufactured. Some people snort this powder to get high, while some dissolve the powder in water before injecting it into the body.
  15. 15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimulant http://www.medic8.com/drug-addiction/solvents.html http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/departments/dph/programs/su bstance-abuse/stop-pill-abuse/drug-facts/sedatives-and- tranquilizers.html http://www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/signs-symptoms- sedatives-use.html

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