Domestic violence Domestic violence is: "the inflicting ofphysical injury by one family or householdmember on another; also: a repeated orhabitual pattern of such behavior.“ "violence that occurs within the privatesphere, generally between individuals whoare related through intimacy, blood or law
In Pakistan Domestic violence in Pakistan is an endemicsocial problem. According to a study carried out in 2009by Human Rights Watch, it is estimated that: between 70 and 90 percent of women in Pakistanhave suffered some form of abuse. An estimated 5000 women are killed per yearfrom domestic violence.
Cont…. Law enforcement authorities do not view domesticviolence as a crime and usually refuse to registerany cases brought to them. Given the very few womens shelters in thecountry, victims have limited ability to escape fromviolent situations.
Lisa Hajjar, an Associate Professor atthe University of California, describes abuseagainst women in Pakistan as "endemic in allsocial spheres". In an observational study published inthe Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences based ona "convenience" sample of 218 women in thegynecology wards of three hospitals, 97% of theinterviewed women said they had been victims ofsome form of assault, ranging from verbal abuseor threatened, to being subjected to beatings ornon-consensual sex
Types of domestic violence Acid attacks in Pakistan came to international attentionafter the release of a documentary by Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy called Saving Face. Various reasons have been given for such attacks, suchas: a woman dressing inappropriately or rejecting a proposal of marriage. According to the Acid Survivors Foundation , up to 150attacks occur every year. majority of victims are female.
Other types There are many forms of domestic violence againstwomen ranging from: psychological abuse in the form of controllingbehaviour, economic abuse or pressures and social isolation; physical in the form of torturing, beating orslapping, and sexual abuse in the form of forced sexualintercourse.
Factors Various factors are associated with domesticviolence in Pakistan. Poverty, illiteracy and social taboos lack of awareness about women’s rights and a lackof support from the government Increased urbanization Daily conflicts, family relatedproblems, disagreements between women andmen on any decision, choice preferences, conflictsof the two genders, etc. Existing misconception about Islamic thoughts andtraditional norms, misuse of women in the name ofhonor.
Traditional concept of menagainst women In some traditional societies, a man isconsidered to have the right to physicallybeat his spouse. According to Rahel Nardos, it is "the dualconstructs of women as the property ofmen and as the standard-bearers of afamilys honour set the stage for culturallysanctioned forms of violence"
Misconception betweenIslamic teaching and oldtradition What do you think about pardah (veil)in Islam? What our traditional brains thinkabout pardah? Is that right to say thatpardah is other name of restriction,external activities and seekingknowledge ?
Undesirability of beating inIslam Scholars and commentators have statedthat Muhammad directed men not to hittheir wives faces, not to beat their wivesin such a way as would leave marks ontheir body, and not to beat their wives asto cause pain (ghayr mubarrih)
How media portray male andfemale women and girls are more likely to be shown: in thehome, performing domestic chores such as laundry orcooking; as sex objects who exist primarily to servicemen; as victims who cant protect themselves and arethe natural recipients of beatings, harassment, sexualassault and murder. masculinity is often associated with machismo,independence, competition, emotional detachment,aggression and violence. Despite the fact that men haveconsiderably more economic and political power insociety than women.