ANCIENT CHINA

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ANCIENT CHINA

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ANCIENT CHINA

  1. 1. Ancient China Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Neolithic China
  3. 3. “ Peking Man” (750,000 – 500,000 BCE) Sinanthropus pekinesis
  4. 4. Yellow River Civilization
  5. 5. Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE
  6. 6. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures
  7. 7. Pan-Gu: Mythical Creator of the Universe
  8. 8. “ Chung Kuo” (The “Middle Kingdom” )
  9. 9. Hsia Dynasty 2205-1027 BCE
  10. 10. Yu, the Great – Founder of the Hsia
  11. 11. “ Huangdi” – Emperor <ul><li>The “Yellow Emperor.” </li></ul><ul><li>Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Emperor Fuxi <ul><li>Mythical Hsia ruler. </li></ul><ul><li>Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hsia Plaque, 1700 BCE
  14. 14. Shang Dynasty 1766-1027 BCE
  15. 15. Bronze Age Empires
  16. 16. Shang: 1523-1028 BCE
  17. 17. Oracle Bones
  18. 18. Oracle Bones Calendar
  19. 19. The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the Shang Pictographs Semantic-Phonetics
  20. 20. Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jade Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
  21. 21. Shang Urn
  22. 22. Shang Bronzes
  23. 23. Ritual Wine Vessel – bronze, 13c BCE
  24. 24. Zhou Dynasty 1027 - 256 BCE
  25. 25. Western Zhou: 1027-771 BCE
  26. 26. Eastern Zhou: 771-256 BCE
  27. 27. Ritual Food Vessel, bronze 11c BCE (Western Zhou)
  28. 28. Pendant of a Dancer - jade 3c BCE (Eastern Zhou)
  29. 29. Ritual Wine Vessel – 4c bronze, silver, gold, copper
  30. 30. Zhou Coins - bronze
  31. 31. “ T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven <ul><li>The leader must lead by ability and virtue. </li></ul><ul><li>The dynasty's leadership must be justified by succeeding generations. </li></ul><ul><li>The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important. </li></ul>
  32. 32. The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions, etc.) Taxes increase; men forced to work for army. Farming neglected. Govt. increases spending; corruption. Droughts, floods, famines occur. Poor lose respect for govt. They join rebels & attack landlords. Rebel bands find strong leader who unites them. Attack the emperor. Emperor is defeated !! The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here 

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