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During the 1231-1600, inquisition trails
were happening because the church
accused some people for heresy and
not believing what the church thought.
People like Galileo, Joan of Arc and
Martin Luther were accused of being a
Some heretics got burnt at the
stake, humiliated publicly, locked up in
the dungeon doors etc.
Joan of Arc was burnt, accused of
heresy, (but later on she was praised as
Many people converted themselves into This is a painting of Galileo’s inquisition
christians because of the fear of being
in the inquisition trail. trial.
I think the inquisition is important event
because it killed, tortured people who
did not deserve to die. Just because
people believe in different things, it
does not mean you have to kill them.
(1265-1321) Dante Alighieri
Dante, born in June 1265 in Florence. He
is a Italian poet, politician, theorist
mostly known for his poem called
Inferno, expressing his journey through
The 9 Sins of Hell.
His poem gave more detail on hell than
the bible, this made people even more
scared and shock. Inferno made people
more aware about what might happen
in hell, depending on what type of bad
sins they committed. This made people
more careful about their actions and
some converting to Christians because
of the fear of going to hell. At that
time, people redeemed themselves by
paying money to the priests/church to
go to heaven. But, some people like
Martin Luther disagreed with this and
created new religions.
This is a painting of Dante.
It affects modern society because
Christian people still believe in The 9
Sins of Hell. Several games, movies and
tv shows are inspired by Dante’s Inferno.
Christianity wouldn’t be the same
without Dante’s poem, Inferno.
(1287-) Invention of Eye Glasses and
Historians were not sure of when they were
invented but saw them in paintings in1287.
Eye glasses had been developed over the past
hundred of years.
Eye glasses help us to see better
and help people with eye
problems, or bad eye sights to see
clearer. I am wearing glasses, and it
helps me for the past few years to
see better. For example, it helps
This is a picture of an
me see the white board clearer
example of a spectacle
and what the teacher writes on
that. Without this during the Renaissance.
invention, humans would have a
hard time to read and see things.
Millions of people depend on eye
glasses. Eye glasses have been
developed into sun glasses, contact
lens, with fashion trends.
(1371–1433) Zheng He
Zheng He was born in 1371 Yunan, China.
He was a really famous and great Chinese This is a painting
explorer. He conducted the biggest of Zheng He.
expedition in history. He took 7 voyages to
south east Asia, south Asia, middle east
and east Africa. One of the biggest
expedition was consisting of 28,000 crews
and 317 ships.
These voyages allowed China to open new
trade routes, developed relationships with
other countries, exchanged
goods, improved navigation. He came back
with several different goods presented to
Many Chinese people settled in the
countries that Zheng He visited.
Zheng He's courage, talent and leadership
had been admired by everyone, especially
Without him, China would not have been
wealthy at the time because there would
not be a lot of trades with other countries.
This is a diagram of Zheng He’s
ships, compared to the normal size
(1395-1441) Jan Van Eyck
Jan Van Eyck born in Burgundian Netherlands, around
1395. He introduced the power of oil painting to other
artist . He showed that oil made paintings look realistic
and created subtle tones of color, as such he inspired
many artists at the time.
Oil painting was a trend, basically started by Jan Van
Eyck. Then artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Antonello
da Messina painted their famous paintings by oil.
Oil Painting developed during the Renaissance's
art, produces art pieces looking more real, with more
realistic details, unlike the midevil times. I think this is
the reason why art during the Renaissance is interesting
and it has been improved from the midevil ages.
Modern artists are influenced by oil painting because it
is effective in creating life-like pictures including details.
Modern artists also use Jan Van Eyck’s techniques for
painting. The significant brushwork of oil paintings This is a painting
makes them famous, and well known as well. of Jan Van Eyck.
(1436 - ) PRINTING PRESS
• In 1436, Johann Gutenburg invented the
• Priests had to hand write, copy bibles. It was
time consuming and tiring to write several
• When the printing press was created, books and
bibles were re-printed. It helped
knowledge, education, beliefs and religion to
spread around the world. This expanded
people's knowledge, and new perspectives.
• Later, when the printing press was introduced
into Thailand, the monks would not have to
hand copy/rewrite the “Jindamanee" Thai
textbook. The printing press helped education in
Thailand by making Thai people’s learning
• The printing press is used to print out news
papers, bibles, books, magazines.
• Without the printing press, we would have to
hand write books, reports, and assessments.
• People receive news and information faster. This is a picture of printing press.
• Nowadays, we use printers which were
developed from the printing press.
(1452-1519) Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci born in 1452, in a small
town, Vinci in Italy. He is known as a
renaissance man because of his significant
inventions which formed the basic of modern
life. Leonardo was known as an engineer,
scientist, and painter.
The Parachute, allows us to explore the
sky, goes sky diving and experience flying
fun. Some air flying machines are inspired by
his design. Leonardo also created the
This is a self portrait of Mona Lisa, a painting that
tank, which was widely used in wars.
Leonardo. he drew.
However, tanks were misused in wars to kill
thousands of people.
Leonardo’s sketches of the anatomy, body parts has
His famous painting, Mona Lisa and the been very helpful in teaching us about our body
Last Supper had made a big impact by system. To this day, doctors still use Leonardo’s
inspiring other painters to use his anatomy for research in biology, and medical
unique, effective brush work techniques education.
(sfumato). Leonardo’s paintings are still Leonardo’s Fireworks are being used to these days to
definitely one of the top tourist attractions celebrate events worldwide, like New Years
because of his significant brush work. Eve, (Katy Perry’s song called Firework.)
Without him, we would not have art works that touched so many
painters and collectors, and we might not know how to fly.
(1480-1521) Ferdinand Magellan
• He was born in 1480 in Sabrosa, Portugal. He
served King Charles I of Spain by making an
expedition to the Spice Islands.
• At that time, everyone thought the world was
flat, some tried to convince that it was round.
Magellan was the first, by giving supporting proof
that the world was round. He was the first to sail
across the pacific ocean which shows the earth is
• He was the first one to discover Philippines to the
western world, and later, Spain colonized
Philippines which opened trade routes for
• By his voyage across the pacific ocean, he
changed exploration and navigation of the world
and inspired many explorers to explore Asia and
other "undiscovered" countries. He expanded This is a map showing Magellan’s
our understanding of our world by adding new route around the world.
countries to the map, more scientific data like
zoology, astronomy, etc.
• People could still be afraid to fall out of the
earth, if they still believed the earth was flat.
(1469-1526) Niccolò Machiavelli
He was born in May 1469 in Florence.
Niccolò Machiavelli was a
historian, author, philosopher. He is
most well known for his book called
“The Prince”. The book is about how to
be a good leader and have political
power. Some say, he created modern
In his book, he taught powerful people
to act boldly, “make first priority to
protect your power”, “break moral and
religious principles when needed”, and
be “as strong as a lion” and “as sly as a
I believe that he inspired other leaders
like Hitler, Polpot, Stalin and Napoleon
to follow his views on leadership. They
use his ideas/concept on how to be a This is a portrait of
good leader. Machiavelli.
The type of leadership has shown to
the world that leaders without morals
can lead the world into disaster.
(1503-1566) Michael de Nostradamus
Nostradamus was born in December 1503 in
France. He wrote a book called, "Les
Propheties,” The book was about future
telling he predicted. There were around 1000
predictions and already half of them
happened. He predicted the date
of, Napoleon conquering
France, Hitler, Atomic Bomb in Japan, JFK &
RFK Assassinations, 9/11 etc, hundreds of
years before the event occurred.
His predictions influenced people to believe
some of his theories, such as the world
ending in 2012. Movies and book have been
created to support Nostradamus’s theories
and his life. There are several internet hoaxes
about him and the word ending in 2012.
His books are being reprinted for four
Nostradamus has not only predicted the
future but also has helped to cure people
with the black plague to save their lives.
This is a portrait of
Nostradamus drew by his son.
(1533-1603) Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth was the first queen of
England born in September 7th 1553 in
Her 44 years on the throne made
England more stable and established and
increase the national identity.
This period was considered a golden age
in English history and the peak of the
English renaissance. Because of her, she
supported English Literature which made
Shakespeare's plays well known. She was
fond with his work and supported him.
Since she was the first women ruler of
England, it shows that women are just as
strong and clever as men. Queen
Elizabeth’s defeat to Spain is the greatest
This is a portrait of Queen
victory in history.
(1555-1605) Phra Naresuan
Born in Siam in 1555 and was the
King of Siam from 1590 until his
death. Phra Naresuan freed Siam
from the first Burma rule.
Sacrified his whole life for
Siam, he was kept captive and
raised in Burma since young age.
After the victory, he spent most of
his time in battlefield to guard
Siam land from Burma.
He is an inspirational king who has
all of the IB learner profile. Phra
Naresuan should be a role model
for Thai people. Without
him, Thailand might not have the
monarchy and might have a This is a picture of a monument of
different political system. Phra Naresuan on Elephant.
Elephants were riden by the
commanders in war times.
(1564-1616) William Shakespeare
Born in Warwickshire England in 1564. He is the world
most famous play writer in history. Since Shakespeare's
plays were popular, it contributed greatly to English
literature. He developed over 1700 English words which we
use in our daily lives today.
His well known plays are Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, much
ado about nothing, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Merchant of
Venus King Lear, The Tempest etc.
His plays are famous and meaningful. They have been
reprinted, translated to different languages and performed
all around the world.
Shakespeare’s plays are studied by
students, teachers, adults, etc. His plays have been turned
into movie, operas, ballet. In his play, Hamlet, there were
many famous quotes “to be or not to be” and it taught
people the history of Denmark’s royal family. The Lion King
was inspired from Hamlet, by using the same
moral/plot, The lion King is a famous Disney movie, which
was later turned into a play/musical.
Nowadays, people are inspired by using his techniques to
make a successful play like stage directions, drama
techniques. Also some of Shakespeare’s plots are being
used today by play writers such as Charles Dickens. This is a portrait of William
• Everyone in earlier days believed that the
sun evolved around the earth even the
church believed that. But Galileo made
the observation to support Coopernicus,
that the earth is not in the middle of the
universe and that the earth moves around
the sun. This gives us a better
understanding on the solar system.
Galileo discovered that Jupiter has several
moons and the our moon is not a perfect
• His telescope made him see the different
planets like Venus and Jupiter. Later,
everyone had more information about the
other planets around earth. He also
proved that the earth is not the center of This is a painting of Galileo.
the solar system. This changed people's
perspective on earth and the solar
(1590- ) Invention of the Microscope
• In 1590, Zacharias Janssen
invented the microscope
with his dad. In science labs,
microscopes are used as an
important tool helping in
studying of sciences.
Scientists studies micro-
organism, small particles
and human blood cells.
Many things that we learn in
science come from Scientists
using the microscope (cell This is a sketch of
theory) as important how a microscope
equipment. looked like in the
1638-present Harvard University
Harvard University was founded in 1638, it
is oldest institution of higher level
education in USA. It provided education
for over 21000 students, organising camps
and programs. Wanting students, to make
it their "dream" college in Harvard.
Famous politicians and successful
businessmen, etc. graduated here. Harvard
University has a collection of over 17
million volumes of books in their library
collection. Also gives scholarships to 60%
of the students for education.
America’s education might not be as
developed as today without Harvard
university. American could have fewer
leaders in politics, academics and the This is a logo of
business world. This university possibly Harvard University
influenced other universities like Stanford
or Yale to be established. Harvard
university provides uncountable research
and development work for every field, like
medical, political, etc.