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RENAISSANCE TIMELINE PRESENTATION

  1. 1. RENAISSANCE TIMELINE Ness.T Green House 8B
  2. 2. (1231-1600) Inquisition During the 1231-1600, inquisition trails were happening because the church accused some people for heresy and not believing what the church thought. People like Galileo, Joan of Arc and Martin Luther were accused of being a heretic. Some heretics got burnt at the stake, humiliated publicly, locked up in the dungeon doors etc. Joan of Arc was burnt, accused of heresy, (but later on she was praised as a saint). Many people converted themselves into This is a painting of Galileo’s inquisition christians because of the fear of being in the inquisition trail. trial. I think the inquisition is important event because it killed, tortured people who did not deserve to die. Just because people believe in different things, it does not mean you have to kill them.
  3. 3. (1265-1321) Dante Alighieri Dante, born in June 1265 in Florence. He is a Italian poet, politician, theorist mostly known for his poem called Inferno, expressing his journey through The 9 Sins of Hell. His poem gave more detail on hell than the bible, this made people even more scared and shock. Inferno made people more aware about what might happen in hell, depending on what type of bad sins they committed. This made people more careful about their actions and some converting to Christians because of the fear of going to hell. At that time, people redeemed themselves by paying money to the priests/church to go to heaven. But, some people like Martin Luther disagreed with this and created new religions. This is a painting of Dante. It affects modern society because Christian people still believe in The 9 Sins of Hell. Several games, movies and tv shows are inspired by Dante’s Inferno. Christianity wouldn’t be the same without Dante’s poem, Inferno.
  4. 4. (1287-) Invention of Eye Glasses and Spectacles Historians were not sure of when they were invented but saw them in paintings in1287. Eye glasses had been developed over the past hundred of years. Eye glasses help us to see better and help people with eye problems, or bad eye sights to see clearer. I am wearing glasses, and it helps me for the past few years to see better. For example, it helps This is a picture of an me see the white board clearer example of a spectacle and what the teacher writes on that. Without this during the Renaissance. invention, humans would have a hard time to read and see things. Millions of people depend on eye glasses. Eye glasses have been developed into sun glasses, contact lens, with fashion trends.
  5. 5. (1371–1433) Zheng He Zheng He was born in 1371 Yunan, China. He was a really famous and great Chinese This is a painting explorer. He conducted the biggest of Zheng He. expedition in history. He took 7 voyages to south east Asia, south Asia, middle east and east Africa. One of the biggest expedition was consisting of 28,000 crews and 317 ships. These voyages allowed China to open new trade routes, developed relationships with other countries, exchanged goods, improved navigation. He came back with several different goods presented to the emperor. Many Chinese people settled in the countries that Zheng He visited. Zheng He's courage, talent and leadership had been admired by everyone, especially Chinese people. Without him, China would not have been wealthy at the time because there would not be a lot of trades with other countries. This is a diagram of Zheng He’s ships, compared to the normal size
  6. 6. (1395-1441) Jan Van Eyck Jan Van Eyck born in Burgundian Netherlands, around 1395. He introduced the power of oil painting to other artist . He showed that oil made paintings look realistic and created subtle tones of color, as such he inspired many artists at the time. Oil painting was a trend, basically started by Jan Van Eyck. Then artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Antonello da Messina painted their famous paintings by oil. Oil Painting developed during the Renaissance's art, produces art pieces looking more real, with more realistic details, unlike the midevil times. I think this is the reason why art during the Renaissance is interesting and it has been improved from the midevil ages. Modern artists are influenced by oil painting because it is effective in creating life-like pictures including details. Modern artists also use Jan Van Eyck’s techniques for painting. The significant brushwork of oil paintings This is a painting makes them famous, and well known as well. of Jan Van Eyck.
  7. 7. (1436 - ) PRINTING PRESS • In 1436, Johann Gutenburg invented the Printing Press. • Priests had to hand write, copy bibles. It was time consuming and tiring to write several times. • When the printing press was created, books and bibles were re-printed. It helped knowledge, education, beliefs and religion to spread around the world. This expanded people's knowledge, and new perspectives. • Later, when the printing press was introduced into Thailand, the monks would not have to hand copy/rewrite the “Jindamanee" Thai textbook. The printing press helped education in Thailand by making Thai people’s learning easier. • The printing press is used to print out news papers, bibles, books, magazines. • Without the printing press, we would have to hand write books, reports, and assessments. • People receive news and information faster. This is a picture of printing press. • Nowadays, we use printers which were developed from the printing press.
  8. 8. (1452-1519) Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci born in 1452, in a small town, Vinci in Italy. He is known as a renaissance man because of his significant inventions which formed the basic of modern life. Leonardo was known as an engineer, scientist, and painter. The Parachute, allows us to explore the sky, goes sky diving and experience flying fun. Some air flying machines are inspired by his design. Leonardo also created the This is a self portrait of Mona Lisa, a painting that tank, which was widely used in wars. Leonardo. he drew. However, tanks were misused in wars to kill thousands of people. Leonardo’s sketches of the anatomy, body parts has His famous painting, Mona Lisa and the been very helpful in teaching us about our body Last Supper had made a big impact by system. To this day, doctors still use Leonardo’s inspiring other painters to use his anatomy for research in biology, and medical unique, effective brush work techniques education. (sfumato). Leonardo’s paintings are still Leonardo’s Fireworks are being used to these days to definitely one of the top tourist attractions celebrate events worldwide, like New Years because of his significant brush work. Eve, (Katy Perry’s song called Firework.) Without him, we would not have art works that touched so many painters and collectors, and we might not know how to fly.
  9. 9. (1480-1521) Ferdinand Magellan • He was born in 1480 in Sabrosa, Portugal. He served King Charles I of Spain by making an expedition to the Spice Islands. • At that time, everyone thought the world was flat, some tried to convince that it was round. Magellan was the first, by giving supporting proof that the world was round. He was the first to sail across the pacific ocean which shows the earth is not flat. • He was the first one to discover Philippines to the western world, and later, Spain colonized Philippines which opened trade routes for traders. • By his voyage across the pacific ocean, he changed exploration and navigation of the world and inspired many explorers to explore Asia and other "undiscovered" countries. He expanded This is a map showing Magellan’s our understanding of our world by adding new route around the world. countries to the map, more scientific data like zoology, astronomy, etc. • People could still be afraid to fall out of the earth, if they still believed the earth was flat.
  10. 10. (1469-1526) Niccolò Machiavelli He was born in May 1469 in Florence. Niccolò Machiavelli was a historian, author, philosopher. He is most well known for his book called “The Prince”. The book is about how to be a good leader and have political power. Some say, he created modern politics. In his book, he taught powerful people to act boldly, “make first priority to protect your power”, “break moral and religious principles when needed”, and be “as strong as a lion” and “as sly as a fox”. I believe that he inspired other leaders like Hitler, Polpot, Stalin and Napoleon to follow his views on leadership. They use his ideas/concept on how to be a This is a portrait of good leader. Machiavelli. The type of leadership has shown to the world that leaders without morals can lead the world into disaster.
  11. 11. (1503-1566) Michael de Nostradamus Nostradamus was born in December 1503 in France. He wrote a book called, "Les Propheties,” The book was about future telling he predicted. There were around 1000 predictions and already half of them happened. He predicted the date of, Napoleon conquering France, Hitler, Atomic Bomb in Japan, JFK & RFK Assassinations, 9/11 etc, hundreds of years before the event occurred. His predictions influenced people to believe some of his theories, such as the world ending in 2012. Movies and book have been created to support Nostradamus’s theories and his life. There are several internet hoaxes about him and the word ending in 2012. His books are being reprinted for four hundred years. Nostradamus has not only predicted the future but also has helped to cure people with the black plague to save their lives. This is a portrait of Nostradamus drew by his son.
  12. 12. (1533-1603) Queen Elizabeth I Queen Elizabeth was the first queen of England born in September 7th 1553 in Greenwich, England. Her 44 years on the throne made England more stable and established and increase the national identity. This period was considered a golden age in English history and the peak of the English renaissance. Because of her, she supported English Literature which made Shakespeare's plays well known. She was fond with his work and supported him. Since she was the first women ruler of England, it shows that women are just as strong and clever as men. Queen Elizabeth’s defeat to Spain is the greatest This is a portrait of Queen victory in history. Elizabeth I
  13. 13. (1555-1605) Phra Naresuan Born in Siam in 1555 and was the King of Siam from 1590 until his death. Phra Naresuan freed Siam from the first Burma rule. Sacrified his whole life for Siam, he was kept captive and raised in Burma since young age. After the victory, he spent most of his time in battlefield to guard Siam land from Burma. He is an inspirational king who has all of the IB learner profile. Phra Naresuan should be a role model for Thai people. Without him, Thailand might not have the monarchy and might have a This is a picture of a monument of different political system. Phra Naresuan on Elephant. Elephants were riden by the commanders in war times.
  14. 14. (1564-1616) William Shakespeare Born in Warwickshire England in 1564. He is the world most famous play writer in history. Since Shakespeare's plays were popular, it contributed greatly to English literature. He developed over 1700 English words which we use in our daily lives today. His well known plays are Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, much ado about nothing, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Merchant of Venus King Lear, The Tempest etc. His plays are famous and meaningful. They have been reprinted, translated to different languages and performed all around the world. Shakespeare’s plays are studied by students, teachers, adults, etc. His plays have been turned into movie, operas, ballet. In his play, Hamlet, there were many famous quotes “to be or not to be” and it taught people the history of Denmark’s royal family. The Lion King was inspired from Hamlet, by using the same moral/plot, The lion King is a famous Disney movie, which was later turned into a play/musical. Nowadays, people are inspired by using his techniques to make a successful play like stage directions, drama techniques. Also some of Shakespeare’s plots are being used today by play writers such as Charles Dickens. This is a portrait of William Shakespeare.
  15. 15. (1564-1642) Galileo • Everyone in earlier days believed that the sun evolved around the earth even the church believed that. But Galileo made the observation to support Coopernicus, that the earth is not in the middle of the universe and that the earth moves around the sun. This gives us a better understanding on the solar system. Galileo discovered that Jupiter has several moons and the our moon is not a perfect sphere. • His telescope made him see the different planets like Venus and Jupiter. Later, everyone had more information about the other planets around earth. He also proved that the earth is not the center of This is a painting of Galileo. the solar system. This changed people's perspective on earth and the solar system.
  16. 16. (1590- ) Invention of the Microscope • In 1590, Zacharias Janssen invented the microscope with his dad. In science labs, microscopes are used as an important tool helping in studying of sciences. Scientists studies micro- organism, small particles and human blood cells. Many things that we learn in science come from Scientists using the microscope (cell This is a sketch of theory) as important how a microscope equipment. looked like in the renaissance.
  17. 17. 1638-present Harvard University Harvard University was founded in 1638, it is oldest institution of higher level education in USA. It provided education for over 21000 students, organising camps and programs. Wanting students, to make it their "dream" college in Harvard. Famous politicians and successful businessmen, etc. graduated here. Harvard University has a collection of over 17 million volumes of books in their library collection. Also gives scholarships to 60% of the students for education. America’s education might not be as developed as today without Harvard university. American could have fewer leaders in politics, academics and the This is a logo of business world. This university possibly Harvard University influenced other universities like Stanford or Yale to be established. Harvard university provides uncountable research and development work for every field, like medical, political, etc.
  18. 18. • BIBILOGRAPHY FOR PICTURES: • Glogster. Zheng He's Ships. Photograph. Glogster. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. <http://www.glogster.com/media/1/4/41/39/4413971.jpg>. • Zheng He. Photograph. Perceptive Travel. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. <http://perceptivetravel.com/issues/1205/photos/ZHENG_HE_PAINTING.jp g>. • VInci, Leonardo Da. Leonardo Da Vinci Self Portrait. 1512. Royal Library, Turin. Blog Spot. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_jD0xfXNG_V8/TJCFnqJbtpI/AAAAAAAAANU/hJ RxkKx3_oU/s1600/94917.jpg>. • Vinci, Leonardo Da. Mona Lisa. 1503. The Louvre, Paris. • Gutenburg Press. Photograph. Wikispaces. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://wouts.wikispaces.com/file/view/gutenbergpress.jpg/33097115/gut enbergpress.jpg>. • Ruamnatmps14. Portrait of Machiavelli. Blog Spot. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://ruamnatmps14.igetweb.com/article/art_464189.jpg>. • Nostradamus, Cesar. Portrait of Nostradamus. Wikipedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nostradamus>. Enchanted Learning. Magellan Map. Photograph. Enchanted Learning. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/mgifs/Magellanmap.GIF>.
  19. 19. • Eyck, Jan Van. Portrait of a Man (Self Portrait?). 1433. National Gallery, London.Wikipedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_a_Man_(Self_Portrait%3F)>. • Sustermans, Justus. Portrait of Galileo Galilei. 1636. National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. • Hooke_Microscope. Photograph. Santa Coloma. By Santa Coloma. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://www.santa-coloma.net/voynich_drebbel/hooke_microscope.gif>. • Devices1. Photograph. Uchicago. By Chronicle. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/020124/devices1.jpg>. • Robert-Fleury, Joseph-Nicolas. Galileo before the Holy Office. Luxembourg Museum, Paris. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Galileo_before_the_Holy_Office.jpg>. • Portrait of Dante. Photograph. Lexilogos. By Lexilogos. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://www.lexilogos.com/images/dante_alighieri.jpg>. • Portrait of Shakespeare. National Portrait Gallery, London. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shakespeare.jpg>. • Harvard Univeristy. Harvard Shield. Photograph. Harvard. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~carnold/images/Harvard_Shield.jpg>. • Staute of King Naresuan on Elephant. Photograph. Bangkok. Nation Religion King. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.nationreligionking.com/police/borderpatrol/paru/naresuan261/ima ges//naresuan.jpg>. • Portrait of Queen Elizabeth. Photograph. Wikipedia. Web. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/eb/Elizabeth_I_in_c oronation_robes.jpg/220px-Elizabeth_I_in_coronation_robes.jpg>
  20. 20. • Website bibilography • Wikipedia. "Dante Alighieri." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri>. • Wikipedia. “Leonardo da Vinci." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci>. • Wikipedia. “Nostrodamus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nostradamus>. • Wikipedia. “Zhen He." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhen_He>. TheMountain City Elementary Corner. "Inventions of the Renaissance." ~Mountain City Elementary School - Mountain City, Tennessee~. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.mce.k12tn.net/renaissance/inventions.htm>. • Leaner. "Exhibits Collection -- Renaissance." Learner.org. Annenberg Foundation. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.learner.org/interactives/renaissance/>. • Cheeseman. "Significant Persons of the Renaissance | View Timeline." Xtimeline - Explore and Create Free Timelines. Famento. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/Significant- Persons-of-the-Renaissance>. •
  21. 21. • "Leonardo Da Vinci: Biography from Answers.com." Answers. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.answers.com/topic/leonardo-da-vinci>. • "IMA Hero: William Shakespeare HH." Official Website of IMA Hero. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.imahero.com/herohistory/bard_herohistory.htm>. • "Why Is Shakespeare Important." Shakespeare Online. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/whystudyshakespeare.html>. • "Why Is Shakespeare Important." Shakespeare Online. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/whystudyshakespeare.html>. • "Shakespeare's Influence." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare's_influence>. • "Machiavelli.The Prince." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IGBKu6qM7Y>. • Wikipedia. "Machiavelli." Wikipedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli>. • "Ferdinand Magellan." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Magellan>. • "What Nation Did Ferdinand Magellan Influence and How? - Yahoo! Answers." Yahoo! Answers. Web. 21 Oct. 2011. <http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20081019150735AAoXuvc>. • Saari, Peggy, and Aaron Maurice. Saari. Renaissance & Reformation. Trans. Julie Carnagie. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2002. Print.

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