(1231-1600) InquisitionDuring the 1231-1600, inquisition trailswere happening because the churchaccused some people for heresy andnot believing what the church thought.People like Galileo, Joan of Arc andMartin Luther were accused of being aheretic.Some heretics got burnt at the stake,humiliated publicly, locked up in thedungeon doors etc.Joan of Arc was burnt, accused ofheresy, (but later on she was praised asa saint).Many people converted themselves into This is a painting of Galileo’s inquisitionchristians because of the fear of beingin the inquisition trail. trial.I think the inquisition is important eventbecause it killed, tortured people whodid not deserve to die. Just becausepeople believe in different things, itdoes not mean you have to kill them.
(1265-1321) Dante AlighieriDante, born in June 1265 in Florence. Heis a Italian poet, politician, theoristmostly known for his poem calledInferno, expressing his journey throughThe 9 Sins of Hell.His poem gave more detail on hell thanthe bible, this made people even morescared and shock. Inferno made peoplemore aware about what might happenin hell, depending on what type of badsins they committed. This made peoplemore careful about their actions andsome converting to Christians becauseof the fear of going to hell. At that time,people redeemed themselves by payingmoney to the priests/church to go toheaven. But, some people like MartinLuther disagreed with this and creatednew religions. This is a painting of Dante.It affects modern society becauseChristian people still believe in The 9Sins of Hell. Several games, movies andtv shows are inspired by Dante’s Inferno.Christianity wouldn’t be the samewithout Dante’s poem, Inferno.
(1287-) Invention of Eye Glasses and SpectaclesHistorians were not sure of when they wereinvented but saw them in paintings in1287.Eye glasses had been developed over the pasthundred of years.Eye glasses help us to see betterand help people with eyeproblems, or bad eye sights to seeclearer. I am wearing glasses, and ithelps me for the past few years tosee better. For example, it helps This is a picture of anme see the white board clearer example of a spectacleand what the teacher writes onthat. Without this invention, during the Renaissance.humans would have a hard time toread and see things. Millions ofpeople depend on eye glasses. Eyeglasses have been developed intosun glasses, contact lens, withfashion trends.
(1371–1433) Zheng HeZheng He was born in 1371 Yunan, China.He was a really famous and great Chinese This is a paintingexplorer. He conducted the biggest of Zheng He.expedition in history. He took 7 voyages tosouth east Asia, south Asia, middle eastand east Africa. One of the biggestexpedition was consisting of 28,000 crewsand 317 ships.These voyages allowed China to open newtrade routes, developed relationships withother countries, exchanged goods,improved navigation. He came back withseveral different goods presented to theemperor.Many Chinese people settled in thecountries that Zheng He visited.Zheng Hes courage, talent and leadershiphad been admired by everyone, especiallyChinese people.Without him, China would not have beenwealthy at the time because there wouldnot be a lot of trades with other countries. This is a diagram of Zheng He’s ships, compared to the normal size ships.
(1395-1441) Jan Van EyckJan Van Eyck born in Burgundian Netherlands, around1395. He introduced the power of oil painting to otherartist . He showed that oil made paintings look realisticand created subtle tones of color, as such he inspiredmany artists at the time.Oil painting was a trend, basically started by Jan VanEyck. Then artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Antonelloda Messina painted their famous paintings by oil.Oil Painting developed during the Renaissances art,produces art pieces looking more real, with morerealistic details, unlike the midevil times. I think this isthe reason why art during the Renaissance is interestingand it has been improved from the midevil ages.Modern artists are influenced by oil painting because itis effective in creating life-like pictures including details.Modern artists also use Jan Van Eyck’s techniques forpainting. The significant brushwork of oil paintings This is a paintingmakes them famous, and well known as well. of Jan Van Eyck.
(1436 - ) PRINTING PRESS• In 1436, Johann Gutenburg invented the Printing Press.• Priests had to hand write, copy bibles. It was time consuming and tiring to write several times.• When the printing press was created, books and bibles were re-printed. It helped knowledge, education, beliefs and religion to spread around the world. This expanded peoples knowledge, and new perspectives.• Later, when the printing press was introduced into Thailand, the monks would not have to hand copy/rewrite the “Jindamanee" Thai textbook. The printing press helped education in Thailand by making Thai people’s learning easier.• The printing press is used to print out news papers, bibles, books, magazines.• Without the printing press, we would have to hand write books, reports, and assessments.• People receive news and information faster. This is a picture of printing press.• Nowadays, we use printers which were developed from the printing press.
(1452-1519) Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci born in 1452, in a small town, Vinci in Italy. He is known as a renaissance man because of his significant inventions which formed the basic of modern life. Leonardo was known as an engineer, scientist, and painter. The Parachute, allows us to explore the sky, goes sky diving and experience flying fun. Some air flying machines are inspired by his design. Leonardo also created the tank, This is a self portrait of Mona Lisa, a painting that which was widely used in wars. However, Leonardo. he drew. tanks were misused in wars to kill thousands of people. Leonardo’s sketches of the anatomy, body parts hasHis famous painting, Mona Lisa and the been very helpful in teaching us about our bodyLast Supper had made a big impact by system. To this day, doctors still use Leonardo’sinspiring other painters to use his unique, anatomy for research in biology, and medicaleffective brush work techniques (sfumato). education.Leonardo’s paintings are still definitely one Leonardo’s Fireworks are being used to these days toof the top tourist attractions because of his celebrate events worldwide, like New Years Eve,significant brush work. (Katy Perry’s song called Firework.) Without him, we would not have art works that touched so many painters and collectors, and we might not know how to fly.
(1480-1521) Ferdinand Magellan• He was born in 1480 in Sabrosa, Portugal. He served King Charles I of Spain by making an expedition to the Spice Islands.• At that time, everyone thought the world was flat, some tried to convince that it was round. Magellan was the first, by giving supporting proof that the world was round. He was the first to sail across the pacific ocean which shows the earth is not flat.• He was the first one to discover Philippines to the western world, and later, Spain colonized Philippines which opened trade routes for traders.• By his voyage across the pacific ocean, he changed exploration and navigation of the world and inspired many explorers to explore Asia and other "undiscovered" countries. He expanded This is a map showing Magellan’s our understanding of our world by adding new route around the world. countries to the map, more scientific data like zoology, astronomy, etc.• People could still be afraid to fall out of the earth, if they still believed the earth was flat.
(1469-1526) Niccolò MachiavelliHe was born in May 1469 in Florence.Niccolò Machiavelli was a historian,author, philosopher. He is most wellknown for his book called “ThePrince”. The book is about how to be agood leader and have political power.Some say, he created modern politics.In his book, he taught powerful peopleto act boldly, “make first priority toprotect your power”, “break moral andreligious principles when needed”, andbe “as strong as a lion” and “as sly as afox”.I believe that he inspired other leaderslike Hitler, Polpot, Stalin and Napoleonto follow his views on leadership. Theyuse his ideas/concept on how to be agood leader. This is a portrait ofThe type of leadership has shown to Machiavelli.the world that leaders without moralscan lead the world into disaster.
(1503-1566) Michael de NostradamusNostradamus was born in December 1503 inFrance. He wrote a book called, "LesPropheties,” The book was about futuretelling he predicted. There were around 1000predictions and already half of themhappened. He predicted the date of,Napoleon conquering France, Hitler, AtomicBomb in Japan, JFK & RFK Assassinations,9/11 etc, hundreds of years before the eventoccurred.His predictions influenced people to believesome of his theories, such as the worldending in 2012. Movies and book have beencreated to support Nostradamus’s theoriesand his life. There are several internet hoaxesabout him and the word ending in 2012.His books are being reprinted for fourhundred years.Nostradamus has not only predicted thefuture but also has helped to cure peoplewith the black plague to save their lives. This is a portrait of Nostradamus drew by his son.
(1555-1605) Phra NaresuanBorn in Siam in 1555 and was theKing of Siam from 1590 until hisdeath. Phra Naresuan freed Siamfrom the first Burma rule.Sacrified his whole life for Siam,he was kept captive and raised inBurma since young age. After thevictory, he spent most of his timein battlefield to guard Siam landfrom Burma.He is an inspirational king who hasall of the IB learner profile. PhraNaresuan should be a role modelfor Thai people. Without him,Thailand might not have themonarchy and might have a This is a picture of a monument ofdifferent political system. Phra Naresuan on Elephant. Elephants were riden by the commanders in war times.
(1564-1616) William ShakespeareBorn in Warwickshire England in 1564. He is the worldmost famous play writer in history. Since Shakespearesplays were popular, it contributed greatly to Englishliterature. He developed over 1700 English words which weuse in our daily lives today.His well known plays are Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, muchado about nothing, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Merchant ofVenus King Lear, The Tempest etc.His plays are famous and meaningful. They have beenreprinted, translated to different languages and performedall around the world.Shakespeare’s plays are studied by students, teachers,adults, etc. His plays have been turned into movie, operas,ballet. In his play, Hamlet, there were many famous quotes“to be or not to be” and it taught people the history ofDenmark’s royal family. The Lion King was inspired fromHamlet, by using the same moral/plot, The lion King is afamous Disney movie, which was later turned into aplay/musical.Nowadays, people are inspired by using his techniques tomake a successful play like stage directions, dramatechniques. Also some of Shakespeare’s plots are beingused today by play writers such as Charles Dickens. This is a portrait of William Shakespeare.
(1564-1642) Galileo• Everyone in earlier days believed that the sun evolved around the earth even the church believed that. But Galileo made the observation to support Coopernicus, that the earth is not in the middle of the universe and that the earth moves around the sun. This gives us a better understanding on the solar system. Galileo discovered that Jupiter has several moons and the our moon is not a perfect sphere.• His telescope made him see the different planets like Venus and Jupiter. Later, everyone had more information about the other planets around earth. He also proved that the earth is not the center of This is a painting of Galileo. the solar system. This changed peoples perspective on earth and the solar system.
(1590- ) Invention of the Microscope• In 1590, Zacharias Janssen invented the microscope with his dad. In science labs, microscopes are used as an important tool helping in studying of sciences. Scientists studies micro- organism, small particles and human blood cells. Many things that we learn in science come from Scientists using the microscope (cell This is a sketch of theory) as important how a microscope equipment. looked like in the renaissance.
1638-present Harvard UniversityHarvard University was founded in 1638, itis oldest institution of higher leveleducation in USA. It provided educationfor over 21000 students, organising campsand programs. Wanting students, to makeit their "dream" college in Harvard.Famous politicians and successfulbusinessmen, etc. graduated here. HarvardUniversity has a collection of over 17million volumes of books in their librarycollection. Also gives scholarships to 60%of the students for education. America’s education might not be asdeveloped as today without Harvarduniversity. American could have fewerleaders in politics, academics and the This is a logo ofbusiness world. This university possibly Harvard Universityinfluenced other universities like Stanfordor Yale to be established. Harvarduniversity provides uncountable researchand development work for every field, likemedical, political, etc.
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