http://www.clker.com/cliparts/5/2/3/c/1                                                                                   ...
What is a cigarette?                http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commo                ns/3/32/Zwei_zigaretten.jpg...
What things are in cigarettes?                                                                 http://www.bloodindex.com/i...
What chemicals are                                 Chemical         Found in:                                             ...
What are some common causes for       people to start smoking?People start smoking because:    grown up in an environment...
how many teens/young people     http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2005/06/12/smok             smoke?     e_wideweb__430x26...
What are the short term                     consequences of smoking  what does                                Muscular Sys...
What are the                                               1.Narrowing or hardening of blood vessels in                   ...
How many people die that arecaused by smoking?    • 33 percent to 50 percent of all smokers are killed by their habit.    ...
What body parts are affected by   smoking?Mouth and throat: Tobacco smoke can cause gum disease and tooth decay. The teeth...
What does it mean to be addictedto smoking?A smoking addiction means a person has formed an uncontrollable dependence onci...
Why do people get addicted tosmoking/what makes cigarettesaddictive?                 tobaccoMost addicitive chemical in a ...
quitting smokingIf you stop smoking before or during   middle age (age 35 to 50), you will   avoid about 90 percent of the...
How hard is it to quit smoking?Most smokers want to stop and doindeed try, but only one in threesucceeds in stopping perma...
What are the benefits of quittingsmoking?Within ...20 minutes8 hours                    Your blood pressure, pulse rate, a...
What are some techniques peopleuse to quit smoking?Start your stop smoking plan with STARTS = Set a quit date.T = Tell fam...
Think about this when someonetells you to smoking                                                                         ...
References   [1]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarette   [2]http://www.healthliteracy.worlded.org/docs/tobacco/Unit4/1wh...
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_rG2dquD5xoo/S82MuDXro1I/AAAAAAAAATw/DcQEjP                           http://www.clker.com/clipar...
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Smoke kills

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  • Smoke kills

    1. 1. http://www.clker.com/cliparts/5/2/3/c/1 http://www.bestwaytoquit- 1949849721417162341no_smoking_joe smoking.com/wp- l_montes_d_01.svg.med.png content/uploads/2010/01/qu it-smoking.jpghttp://turbohealthcare.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/smoking_large.jpg SMOKE KILLS By Aayush Kapar
    2. 2. What is a cigarette? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commo ns/3/32/Zwei_zigaretten.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/3/32/Zwei_zigaretten.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_AZGroiQNJ- E/TU-EiU135eI/AAAAAAAAAHY/- kq4apKyrbE/s1600/cigarette.jpg
    3. 3. What things are in cigarettes? http://www.bloodindex.com/images/smoking.gifhttp://www.quitsmokingpill2.com/images/float/smoking-facts.jpg
    4. 4. What chemicals are Chemical Found in: carbon car exhaustin cigarettes? monoxide nicotine bug sprays tar material to make roadsThere are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarettes. arsenic rat poison51 of them are known to be carcinogenic. A ammonia cleaning productscarcinogen is something that causes cancer.Cancer is a disease that often kills those who hydrogen gas chamber poison cyanidehave it. There are many types of cancer: cyanide deadly poisonbreast, lung, larynx, stomach, prostrate, acetone nail polish removerkidney, leukemia (cancer of the blood), etc. Inall kinds of cancer, the cells keep dividing and butane cigarette lighter fluidforming new, abnormal cells. These cells are DDT insecticidesnot normal or healthy. [2] formaldehyde to preserve dead bodies sulfuric acid car batteries cadmium used to recharge batteries freon damages earths ozone layer geranic acid a fragrance methoprene a pesticide maltitol a sweetener not permitted to be Familiar Chemicals in Cigarettes used in foods in the U.S.
    5. 5. What are some common causes for people to start smoking?People start smoking because: grown up in an environment where their parents, grandparents and older siblings smoke - so they smoke in order to look and act like them. [3] Peer pressure - because their friends have tried it or smoke themselves http://1.bp.blogspot.com/- defiance against their parents or people[3] z8UtypbqDqU/TVrAg_gbSCI/ AAAAAAAABds/5GuXzgd8rp have low self-esteem - Smoking may get them in with the "in crowd" and s/s1600/kids+smoking.jpg help them to make friends to appear older and more grown up experimenting with smoking (curiosity) - just want to try it so see what all the fuss is about[3] http://cdn.ubergizmo. com/photos/2007/5/e- cigarette.jpgPeople continue smoking because: nicotine is highly addictive people think that they need cigarettes in order to cope with stress or nerves[3] relaxes them afraid of giving up smoking as they think that they will gain a huge amount of weight when they stop[3]
    6. 6. how many teens/young people http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2005/06/12/smok smoke? e_wideweb__430x268.jpg http://www.cbsnews.com/i/tim/2010/12/14 /joint_620x350.jpg Close to 1.3 billion people smoke [4] Worldwide, between 80,000 and 100,000 kids start smoking every day!!! [5] http://1.bp.blogspot.com/- z8UtypbqDqU/TVrAg_gbSCI/ AAAAAAAABds/5GuXzgd8rp http://cdn.ubergizmo. s/s1600/kids+smoking.jpg com/photos/2007/5/e- cigarette.jpg
    7. 7. What are the short term consequences of smoking what does Muscular System 1.Physical Endurance smoking do to Nervous System 1.Stimulates, then Reduces Brain Activity people’s health 1.Acid in Stomach right after they Digestive System 2.Sensation of Appetite, Taste & Smell finish a cigarette? 3.Bad Breath 1.Paralyses Cilia, reduces function Irritates Allergies Respiratory System 2.Cough & Colds 3.Irritates Eyes & Throat 1.Heart Rate Here are some of 2.Blood Pressure the consequences 3.Dizziness 4.Skin Temperature of Fingers & Toes Circulatory System 5.Hand Tremor 6.Constriction of Blood Vessels 7.Flow of Blood Supply and OxygenInformation from: 8.Fat and Cholesterol Deposition in Bloodhttp://www0.hku.hk/uhs/he/smoke/health_effect-eng.htm Vessels
    8. 8. What are the 1.Narrowing or hardening of blood vessels in heart, brain, etc. Circulatory 2.Coronary heart diseaselong term System 3.Peripheral vascular disease due to blood flow in narrowed blood vesselsconsequences 4.Arteriosclerosis 1.Cancer of Lungs 2.Emphysema(health Respiratory System 3.Chronic bronchitis 4.Shortness of breathrisks) of 5.Cough and respiratory infections 6.Cancer of Larynx 1.Stomach ulcerssmoking? Digestive System 2.Bad Breath 3.Cancer of mouth, oesophagus and pancreas Nervous System 1.Stroke Urinary System 1.Cancer of bladder and kidney Muscular System1.Muscle Tone Here are some of 1.Wrinkling and premature aging of the skin the consequences Cosmetic Effect 2.Sallow, yellow-grey complexion 3.Stains fingers and nails 4.Stains teeth 1.Reproductive fertility 2.Birth weight (200 grams lighter) ReproductiveInformation from: 3.Miscarriages, complications at birth and Systemhttp://www0.hku.hk/uhs/he/smoke/health_e retarded foetal growthffect-eng.htm 4.Cancer of cervix
    9. 9. How many people die that arecaused by smoking? • 33 percent to 50 percent of all smokers are killed by their habit. * Smokers die on average 15 years sooner than nonsmokers. [6] • Around 5.4 million deaths a year are caused by tobacco. [6] * Smoking is set to kill 6.5 million people in 2015 and 8.3 million humans in 2030, with the biggest rise in low-and middle-income countries. [6] * Every 6.5 seconds a current or former smoker dies, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). [6] • Every 6.5 seconds a current or former smoker dies, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). [6] Tobacco use will kill 1 billion people in the 21st century if current smoking trends continue. [6]http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Z6mfEIAejg4/TdJDPnumO-I/AAAAAAAAAAY/-b7LjwAISV0/s1600/old-man-dying-from-smoking.jpg
    10. 10. What body parts are affected by smoking?Mouth and throat: Tobacco smoke can cause gum disease and tooth decay. The teeth become yellow or black. [7Esophagus: The tars in smoke can trigger cancer. [7]Brain: Headaches are common. Lack of oxygen and narrowing of blood-vessels can lead to strokes. [7]Bronchi: Smoke contains hydrogen cyanide and other chemicals, which attack the lining of the bronchi, inflaminthem and increasing susceptibility to bronchitis. [7]Lungs: People who inhale smoke are ten times more likely to get lung cancer than non-smokers. Mucus secretionis increased, causing chronic catarrh and smoker’s cough [7].Circulation: Nicotine raises blood-pressure. Carbon monoxide leads to development of cholesterol deposits inartery walls, causing heart attacks and strokes. Loss of circulation in limbs can cause amputation. [7]Heart: Nicotine in cigarette smoke makes the heart beat faster and so it works hard. Blood clot more easily,increasing the risk of heart attack. Carbon monoxide robs the blood of oxygen, again increasing the risk of heartattack. [7]Intestine: Smoking can cause diarrhea and ulcers also. [7]Stomach: Increased acid secretion can lead to ulcers. [7]Bladder: Excreted carcinogens can cause cancer. [7]
    11. 11. What does it mean to be addictedto smoking?A smoking addiction means a person has formed an uncontrollable dependence oncigarettes to the point where stopping smoking would cause severe emotional, mental, orphysical reactions. [8] http://us.cdn2.123rf.com/1 68nwm/gabriele/gabriele0 605/gabriele060500072/40 http://moblog.net/media/s/w/e/sweetmags/th 6032-a-lot-of- cigarettes.jpg ats-a-lot-of-cigarettes.jpg
    12. 12. Why do people get addicted tosmoking/what makes cigarettesaddictive? tobaccoMost addicitive chemical in a cigarette is Nicotine.Nicotine is the drug in tobacco that causes addiction. Itis absorbed and enters the bloodstream, through thelungs when smoke is inhaled, and through the lining ofthe mouth when tobacco is smoked. It is also absorbed http://www.bridge- bradford.org.uk/uploads/images/drugs/nicotine.jpgthrough the nose from nasal snuff. [8]Nicotine is a psychoactive drug with stimulant effects on the electrical activity of thebrain. It also has calming effects, especially at times of stress, as well as effects onhormonal and other systems throughout the body. Although its subjective effects areless dramatic and obvious than those of some other addictive drugs, smoking doses ofnicotine causes activation of "pleasure centers" in the brain (for example, themesolimbic dopamine system), which may explain the pleasure, and addictiveness ofsmoking. [8]
    13. 13. quitting smokingIf you stop smoking before or during middle age (age 35 to 50), you will avoid about 90 percent of the lung cancer risk. If you are currently middle-aged, you are also more likely to succeed in quitting now than when you were younger. [8] The reason why so many people fail to stop is because they are addicted. Being addicted does not mean that you cannot stop - only that it is likely to be difficult. Anyone can succeed if he or she goes about it in the right way. [8] http://ourchangingclimate.files.wordpress.com/2 010/07/quit_smoking_funny_cartoon.jpg
    14. 14. How hard is it to quit smoking?Most smokers want to stop and doindeed try, but only one in threesucceeds in stopping permanentlybefore age 60. By this time, muchharm may have been done to thebody - some of it irreversible. [8]•Those who eventually quitsmoking usually try to stop two orthree times before theyresuccessful. [8]•Only 2.5 percent of smokerssuccessfully quit each year. [8] http://www.howtoquitsmokingfree.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/02/1297606711-79.gif
    15. 15. What are the benefits of quittingsmoking?Within ...20 minutes8 hours Your blood pressure, pulse rate, and the temperature of your hands and feet will all return to normal. Remaining nicotine in your bloodstream will have fallen to 6.25% of normal peak daily levels, a 93.25% reduction.12 hours Your blood oxygen level will have increased to normal and carbon monoxide levels will have dropped to normal.24 hours Anxieties peak in intensity and within two weeks should return to near pre-cessation levels. Damaged nerve endings have started to regrow and your sense of smell and taste are beginning to return to normal. Cessation anger and48 hours Within 12 hours after you have your last cigarette, your body will begin to heal itself. irritability peaks. Your entire body will test 100% nicotine-free and over 90% of all nicotine metabolites (the chemicals it breaks down into) will now have passed The levels of carbon monoxide and nicotine in your system will decline rapidly, and72 hours from your body via your urine. Symptoms of chemical withdrawal have peaked in intensity, including restlessness. The number of cue induced crave episodes experienced during any quitting day will peak for the "average" ex-user. Lung bronchial tubes leading to air sacs (alveoli) are your heart and lungs will begin to repair the damage caused by cigarette smoke. As beginning to relax in recovering smokers. Breathing is becoming easier and the lungs functional abilities are starting to increase. your body begins to repair itself, instead of feeling better right away, you may feel The "average" ex-smoker will encounter an "average" of three cue induced crave episodes per day. Although we may not be "average" and5 - 8 days although serious cessation time distortion can make minutes feel like hours, it is unlikely that any single episode will last longer than 3 minutes. worse for a while. Its important to understand that healing is a process begins Keep a clock handy and time them.10 days 10 days - The "average ex-user is down to encountering less than two crave episodes per day, each less than 3 minutes. immediately, but it continues over time. These "withdrawal pangs" are really Recovery has likely progressed to the point where your addiction is no longer doing the talking. Blood circulation in our gums and teeth are now10 days to 2 weeks [11] symptoms of the recovery process. similar to that of a non-user. Cessation related anger, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, impatience, insomnia, restlessness and depression have ended. If still experiencing any of2 to 4 weeks these symptoms get seen and evaluated by your physician. Brain acetylcholine receptor counts up-regulated in response to nicotines presence have now down-regulated and receptor binding has returned Immediately after quitting, many ex-smokers experience "symptoms of recovery" such21 days to levels seen in the brains of non-smokers. as temporary weight gain caused by fluid retention, irregularity, and dry, sore gums or2 weeks to 3 months Your heart attack risk has started to drop. Your lung function is beginning to improve.3 weeks to 3 months Your circulation has substantially improved. Walking has become easier. Your chronic cough, if any, has likely disappeared. tongue. You may feel edgy, hungry, more tired, and more short-tempered than usual1 to 9 months Any smoking related sinus congestion, fatigue or shortness of breath have decreased. Cilia have regrown in your lungs thereby increasing their ability to handle mucus, keep your lungs clean, and reduce infections. Your bodys overall energy has increased. and have trouble sleeping and notice that you are coughing a lot. These symptoms are1 year Your excess risk of coronary heart disease, heart attack and stroke has dropped to less than half that of a smoker. the result of your body clearing itself of nicotine, a powerful addictive chemical. Most5 to 15 years Your risk of stroke has declined to that of a non-smoker. Your risk of being diagnosed with lung cancer is between 30%[11] 50% of that for a continuing smoker (2005 study). Risk of death from lung cancer and nicotine is gone from the body in 2-3 days.10 years has declined by almost half if you were an average smoker (one pack per day). Your risk of pancreatic cancer has declined to that of a never- smoker (2011 study), while risk of cancer of the mouth, throat and esophagus has also declined.13 years Your risk of smoking induced tooth loss has declined to that of a never-smoker (2006 study).15 years Your risk of coronary heart disease is now that of a person who has never smoked. Female excess risk of death from all smoking related causes, including lung disease and cancer, has now reduced to that of a never-smoker (200820 years study). http://whyquit.com/whyquit/A_Benefits_Time_Table.html
    16. 16. What are some techniques peopleuse to quit smoking?Start your stop smoking plan with STARTS = Set a quit date.T = Tell family, friends, and co-workers that you plan to quit.A = Anticipate and plan for the challenges youll face while quitting.R = Remove cigarettes and other tobacco products from your home, car, and work.T = Talk to your doctor about getting help to quit. [10] If it doesnt work, follow these stepsAcupuncture: a healing technique derived from ancient Chinese medicine. As with hypnosis, acupuncture worksfor those with a strong desire to quit. [9]Low-Level Laser Therapy: emitting a fine-point "cold laser" into your skin which stimulates your bodysendorphin production system. Endorphins are natural chemicals in your body that signal your internal system todecrease stress and increase energy [9]Chantix: a selective nicotinic receptor modulator used as part of a program to help you quit smoking. [9]Zyban: an anti-smoking pill that seems to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms and the urge to smoke, and itcontains no nicotine. [9]
    17. 17. Think about this when someonetells you to smoking http://www.quitsmoking- aid.com/images/float/stop-smoking-treatments.jpg http://s4.hubimg.com/u/203067_f520.jpg http://lifestyleandchronicdiseases.files.wordpr ess.com/2011/01/smoking.jpg
    18. 18. References [1]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarette [2]http://www.healthliteracy.worlded.org/docs/tobacco/Unit4/1whats_in.html [3]http://www.helpwithsmoking.com/why-people-smoke.php [4]http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_people_smoke_cigarettes [5] global smoking statistics [6]http://www.inforesearchlab.com/smokingdeaths.chtml [7]http://www.ciggyfree.com/cigblog/2007/04/16/the-harmful-effects-of-smoking-on- different-parts-of-the-body/ [8] http://ehealthmd.com/library/smoking/SMO_whatis.html [9] http://www.quitsmokingsupport.com/methods.htm [10] http://www.helpguide.org/mental/quit_smoking_cessation.htm [11] http://www.quitsmokingsupport.com/benefits.htm
    19. 19. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_rG2dquD5xoo/S82MuDXro1I/AAAAAAAAATw/DcQEjP http://www.clker.com/cliparts/5/2/3/c/1VkbDs/s400/stop+smoking.jpg 1949849721417162341no_smoking_joe l_montes_d_01.svg.med.png http://www.howtoquit smokingfree.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/ 04/1302686291-85.jpg

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