G.O.D. pages 232-2491. Those who were involved in the civil war movement were responsible for the early Anti-war movement. Black and white activists joined to remember three civil rights workers killed in Mississippi, and one speaker there compared Johnson’s violence against Asia with the violence against blacks in Mississippi. These civil rights activists were motivated to protest the war, and what motivated them was the fact that the Vietnamese were fighting for their freedom just like how these activists were fighting for freedom. Some of them also thought that the Vietnam war was a “white man’s war” and Muhammed Ali was stripped of his title as boxing and heavyweight champion because he refused to fight in the war. But many others found the fight parallel to their fight for freedom, known as the civil rights movement. The connection that they made is a valid argument, because the Vietnamese people were in their land, when the Americans brought in soldiers and started burning down their houses. The Vietnamese people could not give in to such brutality against their people, so they were fighting for their freedom. When African Americans were treated in almost the same way, as some civil rights leaders had their houses bombed and many African Americans were oppressed, they fought for their freedom like how the Vietnamese people fought for theirs.2. The Pentagon Papers were these documents printed in Times magazine in June 1971, after a man named Daniel Ellsberg duplicated the Department of Defense
history of the war in Vietnam. These once top-secret documents now became public, and they indeed created a national sensation. They created a national sensation because the public now saw what the real reasons were behind the attacks on Vietnam, and the public became aware of the truths and lies that the government was hiding from them. This made the public begin to distrust their government. The effect that it had on the “credibility gap” was that it made the gap larger, and the public was now aware of the secrets the government has been keeping from them, which shocked them because they elected those people and expected those people to tell the truth. I don’t trust our government to tell the whole truth today. I don’t think government really ever tells the truth about some stuff, they keep it secret among themselves it’s like a sorority or something. I don’t believe them about the war, and how we’re pulling out troops and how troops are being sent home, because they’re being sent home for a week and put back in the war. I don’t trust them on the war because it’s still going on but I don’t understand why in Iraq, there’s nothing there almost everything has been blown up by suicide bombers.3. African Americans protested the fact that the Vietnamese were only fighting forfreedom as they once had during the civil rights movement; many saw this war as awhite man’s war. In fact, Bruce Andrews who studied at Harvard in public opinion,found out that African Americans were of the top groups who protested the war.Teenagers protested the war because they felt that they should not be drafted for awar they didn’t support and didn’t want to be involved in. Alot of these teenagerswould protest at college campuses, and a lot of teenage boys refused to get drafted. In
1969 at 232 college campuses, at least 215,000 students participated in protests.Students began protesting the ROTC, which caused a drop in college studentenrollment for officers in Vietnam. The Roman Catholic Church protested against thewar as they wanted to protect the conservatism of Catholics in the community. AtBoston College which was a Catholic school, six thousand people demonstratedagainst the war in the gymnasium. War was against their religion, and if they didn’tbelieve in it they felt they shouldn’t have to be drafted or see their sons go off to war.American soldiers and vets began to denounce the war in a way never before as well.Some soldiers would not even board the plane to go to war, and a lot of them wouldbe court-martialed and jailed, some even put into hard labor. Two black marines weresentenced to prison for anti-war talk. This was definitely against the first right ofAmericans. Underground newspapers also became popular amongst soldiers whoprotested the war. As a teenager today, I would feel strongly to protest the fact thatwe would be killing innocent people, bombing them with tons of bombs. And a lot ofthe boys we sent out to fight did not want to do this, and they would come backtraumatized, or they would die at war. A lot of these men’s freedom of speech wastaken away from them, they weren’t allowed to say what they felt about going to warand staying in the U.S. they were forced into going to war. It almost ruined ageneration.4. The climax of protest in the spring of 1970 started when president Nixon ordered that troops would get out of Vietnam but instead be sent to Cambodia. On May 4th, there were major protests at Kent State University. National Guard was sent
there, and they fired at the students. Four were killed and one was paralyzed. After this, at 4 hundred colleges, students went on strike. Students would protest against ROTC, they would hand out anti-war leaflets, they would demonstrate at college campuses. These colleges might have vested interest in war because they realize that soon, they would be going off to war, or their friend would be going off to war. And instead of worrying about jobs and housing, they would have to worry whether they could live free or die in Vietnam. Non-college educated opposed the war more, and this doesn’t surprise me because they would probably be the first to get drafted and called out to war. I think that non-college educated people would oppose it more because they are the ones who are more oppressed in American society, and they can see that American is oppressing the Vietnamese, and they feel that that is wrong.5. Ron Kovic was hit and his spine got shattered when he was 19 at the marines.When he was sent back to America, he saw that the wounded veterans in hospitalswere not getting fair treatment at all. He proceeded to join a group called VietnamVeterans Against the War. He spoke freely against the Vietnam war, and he wasarrested. When him and a group of veterans went up to Nixon’s acceptance speech toprotest the bombings and war, they were sent out by Secret Service Men. This storyhad such an impact because this was a man who had given his life for America to winin the war, and when he got back he wasn’t even treated justly at all. He was injured,and other men were injured too, and none of them were well taken care of. None ofthem got the respect that they deserved, and none of them got what they deservedwhen they wheeled themselves down the isle to protest President Nixon.