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Catherine of Siena


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Catherine of Siena

  1. 1. Saint Catherine Of Siena By 15atm, 15lph, and 15avm
  2. 2. Family <ul><li>Born Katerina di Benincasa? in Siena, Italy on March 25, 1347 </li></ul><ul><li>She was the twenty-third child of Giacomo Benincasa and Lapa Piacenti </li></ul><ul><li>Her father was a cloth dyer who was a member of the class of tradesmen and artisans </li></ul><ul><li>She had a twin sister named Giovanna Benincasa, who died within a few months of birth </li></ul>
  3. 3. Religious Initiation <ul><li>At the age of six, Catherine had a vision of Christ smiling at her </li></ul><ul><li>Her older sister whom she was very close to, died in child birth </li></ul><ul><li>At age seven she took a vow of virginity. Although she lived in her family’s house she did not interact with them </li></ul><ul><li>These experiences led her to join the Dominican order in the congregation of the Sisters of Penance from 1364 to 1367 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1366 Catherine had a vision in which Christ promised to be her heavenly spouse </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religious Behavior <ul><li>Catherine barely slept </li></ul><ul><li>She bound an iron chain tightly around her hips </li></ul><ul><li>She whipped herself daily </li></ul><ul><li>She consumed only bread, water, and raw vegetables, and a few years later, she gave up bread and almost ate nothing at all </li></ul><ul><li>She acted this way to leave room for only spiritual life </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adult Religious Callings <ul><li>She continued her religious trances </li></ul><ul><li>In 1375 she received the stigmata, which is the piercing of the hands and feet, which Christ had also received </li></ul><ul><li>She asked God to keep the marks invisible </li></ul>
  6. 6. Political Action <ul><li>In 1374 Catherine was summoned to Florence to testify before the Dominican order </li></ul><ul><li>They agreed that she was indeed holy and assigned Raymond of Capua to be her spiritual advisor and confessor </li></ul><ul><li>In 1376 she persuaded Pope Gregory XI to return the papacy to Rome from Florence, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>She rallied the support of Pope Urban VI against Clement VII in the Great Schism </li></ul><ul><li>She felt like she could no longer influence the decision between Pope Urban VI and Pope Clement VII </li></ul><ul><li>In 1380 she sacrificed her body to the Catholic church by starving herself </li></ul>
  7. 7. Accomplishments <ul><li>Catherine influenced the decision of reuniting the Catholic church under one head in 1415 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1377-1378 she composed religious text which she called “Book,” now known as “The Dialogue” </li></ul><ul><li>This was structured by four requests to Christ </li></ul><ul><li>One of these requests was peace in the world, and the others were based on the same idea </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recognitions <ul><li>Raymond of Capua wrote Catherine’s biography, “Legenda maior” from 1385-1395 </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Caffarelli composed another biography, “Legenda minor” in the early fifteenth century </li></ul><ul><li>In 1461 Pope Pius II declared her a saint </li></ul><ul><li>In 1866 she was named copatron of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>In 1939 she was named copatron of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>In 1970 Pope Paul VI declared her a doctor of the church </li></ul>
  9. 9. The End Thank you for your attention!