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RFID Application


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RFID Application

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RFID Application

  1. 1. RFID Application Lau Hoi Yan 15200736 22 February 2016
  2. 2. Content Introduction of RFID Applications Survey Results Future development and opportunities Conclusion
  3. 3. RFID  RFID = Radio Frequency Identification  Electronic labeling and wireless identification of objects using radio frequency  Tag carries with its information  a serial number  Model number  Color or any other imaginable data  When these tags pass through a field generated by a compatible reader, they transmit this information back to the reader, thereby identifying the object
  4. 4. RFID components  A basic RFID system consists of these components:  A programmable RFID tag/inlay for storing item data;  Consisting of an RFID chip for data storage  an antenna to facilitate communication with the RFID chip  A reader/antenna system to interrogate the RFID inlay  Application software and a host computer system
  5. 5. RFID Tag  The RFID tag consists of an integrated circuit (IC) embedded in a thin film medium.  Information stored in the memory of the RFID chip is transmitted by the antenna circuit embedded in the RFID inlay via radio frequencies, to an RFID reader  3 types  Passive  Semi-passive  Active
  6. 6. Types of RFID Tags Active Tags • Use a battery • communicate over distances of several meters Semi-passive Tags • Contain built-in batteries to power the chip’s circuitry, resist interference and circumvent a lack of power from the reader signal due to long distance. • They are different from active tags in that they only transmit data at the time a response is received Passive Tags • Derive their power from the field generated by the reader • without having an active transmitter to transfer the information stored
  7. 7. Applications Frequency Appx. Read Range Data Speed Cost of Tags Application Low Frequency (125kHz) <5cm (passive) Low High • Animal Identification • Access Control High Frequency (13.56 Mhz) 10 cm – 1m (passive) Low to Moderate Medium to Low • Smart Cards • Payment (paywave) Ultra High Frequency (433, 868-928 Mhz) 3m -7m (passive) Moderate to High Low • Logistics and Supply Chain • Baggage Tracking Microwave (2.45 & 5.8 Ghz) 10m -15m (passive) 20m – 40m (active) High High • Electronic toll collection (Autotoll) • Container Tracking
  8. 8. Current Applications Application Segment Representative Applications Competitive Technologies Current Penetration Typical Tag Type Access Control Doorway entry Other keyless entry technologies High Passive Asset Tracking Locating tractors within a freight yard None Low Active Asset Tagging Tracking corporate computing systems Bar Code Low Passive Authentication Luxury goods counterfeit prevention Holograms Low Passive Baggage Tracking Positive bag matching Bar Code, Optical Character Recognition Low Passive POS Applications SpeedPass Credit Cards, Smart Cards, Wireless Phones Medium Passive SCM (Container Level) Tracking containers in shipping terminals GPS-based Systems Low Active SCM (Pallet Level) Tracking palletized shipments Bar Code Minimal Active, Passive SCM (Item Level) Identifying individual items Bar Code Minimal Passive Vehicle Identification Electronic toll collection Bar Code, License plate, reader systems Medium Active, Passive Vehicle Immobilizers Automotive ignition systems Other theft prevention technologies High Passive
  9. 9. Applications Credit Cards with RFID (Paywave function) Octopus (Smart Card)
  10. 10. Applications Autotoll (Electronic toll collection) Access Control
  11. 11. Online Survey  Target: SME  Information: Opinion on RFID and its applications  Site: 
  12. 12. Survey Result Logistics and Supply Chain Management 20% Pharmaceutic manufacturing industries 15% Library Management 21% Inventory Control 10% Document Management 8% Security 8% Customer Services 5% Hotel Management 5% Banking and Finance 5% Social Services 3% Other 18% Types of industries that respondentsthink it is possible to apply RFID technology
  13. 13. Further Development  In medical uses and library management
  14. 14. Video
  15. 15. Conclusion  Positive  RFID is a contactless reading technology and can read through other materials  Hold more data than barcode does  RFID tags data can be changed or added  More effective, bring lots of convenience to us  Negative  Cost is relatively remain high (compare to barcode)  RFID signals may have problems with some materials  RFID standards are still being developed