Definition The process of cloning with a donor somatic cell and a donor egg cellSomatic: Any Diploid Cell in the BodyNuclear: Relating to the Nucleus of a Cell
Origin of Development First done by Scottish Scientists from the Roslin Institute by Cloning the Famous Sheep Dolly Dolly the Sheep
The Process1. Remove nuclei from both cells2. Insert Somatic Nuclei into Egg cell3. Insert Somatic Cell into the Mother4. Wait till the Clone is born The Steps of Transfer
Uses for Today and the Future• Cloning Animals for Research• Cloning Endangered SpeciesIn order to expand population• Cloning Extinct SpeciesTo Research their Behaviorand Other Characteristics
Limits of Somatic Cloning• Somatic Cloning can only be done on mammals and no other species• There is still a High Percentage of the Clone Dying when the Mother is Pregnant• The Ethical Issues Behind the Cloning Experiments and the Future of Cloning• Still Really New
Somatic Cloning on A Wooly Mammoth In 2002 Scientists found a Preserved Wooly Mammoth and the Plan is to do Somatic Cloning except Place the Embryo in an Elephant instead. However the Scientists need to replicate Lost DNA due to Age.
Problems With Somatic Cloning About 90% of Clones Fail Many Clones are often at a higher risk of Disease and Infection than non-clones Clones are at a higher risk of Genetic Defects and Abnormalities Complete DNA is Needed and not just a Couple Strands
Animals that Have been Cloned• Sheep• Goats• Cows• Mice• Pigs• Cats• Rabbits• Gaur