The human genome project

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The human genome project

  1. 1. http://www.google.com/img res?q=human+genome+proj ect&hl=en&safe=active&gbvThe Human Genome Project Bailey Paschal Bell: 3
  2. 2. What is the Human Genome Project? • Human Genome: is the full complement of genetic material in a human cell • Locates where the DNA pairs are located in your body • The actual genome is DNA • A person ahs between 100,000 and 300,000 genes
  3. 3. Who created the Project?• Primarily founded by the US Government• The Department of Energy• Genome centers• Money provided for the project from Japan, The United Kingdom and other technological advanced countries
  4. 4. Common users• The HGP is mainly used by humans• The HGP is used on crops• Animals• Sterilization ://www.goog7T8_XMOuA http://www.google.com/imgres?q=g 6QGky6m_Cg&zoom=1&i enetically+modified+food&hl=en&saf act=hc&vpx=434&vpy=15 4&dur=272&hovh=184&h e=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=651 ovw=247&tx=127&ty=57 &tbm=isch&tbnid=I39SW3myzD_Fq &sig=1178915075863360 M:&imgrefurl=http://www.newworld 27962&page=1&tbnh=13 ord 7&tbnw=186&start=0&nd sp=20&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0, i:74
  5. 5. The Human DNA (Structure)http://www.google.com/imgres?q=dna&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=651&tbm=isch&tbnid=IfwKGhWkUhNtUM:&imgrefurl=http://www.majiroxnews.com/2011/09/05/prosecutors-unveil-new-evidence-casting-doubt-over-nepali%25E2%2580%2599s-guilt/&docid=TPCFZ0vanzYceM&imgurl=http://www.majiroxnews.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/dna.gif&w=500&h=500&ei=Wq-7T5b_OIau6AGoioXwDQ&zoom=1
  6. 6. Techniques• Researchers used a technique called genetic mapping• Genetic mapping: locates the pairs of genes on the chromosomes• Using genetic mapping, you can determine the genetic code that allows our bodies to develop
  7. 7. Techniques• Linkage: allows us to determine the regions of chromosomes that are likely to contain a risk gene• Linkage helps locate the distance between disease causing genes• Risks- labor intensive, requires DNA from affected ad unaffected genes
  8. 8. Pros and cons of the ProjectPros Cons• Successfully identifies where • 15 years the genes of DNA are located in the body • $3 billion• Genetically modify foods • Requires skill• Make crops grow faster and • Process is very difficult with more resistant to pesticides lots of procedures• Mapping can locate cancer cells and mental illnesses• Can identify if the fetus has genetic mutations in the womb
  9. 9. The Human Genome Project
  10. 10. What are the outcomes of The human Genome Project?• Genetically proven to have the ability to locate genes that are responsible for locating diseases• Gene Therapy used today• The HGP has been very successful
  11. 11. Bibliography• "An Overview of the Human Genome Project." An Overview of the Human Genome Project. Web. 23 May 2012. <http://www.genome.gov/12011238>.• "What Is Genetic Mapping?" What Is Genetic Mapping? Web. 23 May 2012. <http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/epigen/what_is_genetic_mapping.htm >.• "To Know Ourselves: Introducing the Human Genome." To Know Ourselves: Introducing the Human Genome. Web. 23 May 2012. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/publicat/tko/0 3_introducing.html>.

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