• Is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques Some Examples: Tomatoes Peas Carrots
TECHNIQUES1.) Bacterial Carriers- Bacterium in a solution is used to make the cell wall porous. Then the selected gene is inserted into the plasmid. After heated, the plasmid and bacterium show the new gene.2.) Calcium Phosphate Precipitation- The chosen DNA is exposed to calcium phosphate which then creates granules. These are ingested and release DNA into the host’s nuclei.3.) Biolistics- The chosen DNA attaches to gold particles and are forced into the target’s cell by using a short burst of gas.
They have a higher nutritional value and taste better. Crops can grow in poor soil or in adverse climates.Some are pest resistantand have longer growingseasons. Resistant to weeds and disease. They also stay ripe longer.
GMO’s don’t have to be labeled.Pests would adapt to the pesticides and be harderto get rid of.Would bring an end to food diversity.Could possibly cause allergies in humans.
Potatoes have a longer Soy beans are resistantgrowing season and are to herbicides.pest resistant. Sugar cane is pest resistant.
Rice is modified to contain more vitamin A.Canola is virus resistant.