Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Human and natural science – compare & contrast

32,539 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Human and natural science – compare & contrast

  1. 1. Human and Natural Science<br />Maho Tachibana<br />Eric Sadowski<br />
  2. 2. Review – Natural Science<br />Definition<br /> - understanding nature of science through evidence, meaningful experiments, weighing of possibilities, testing hypothesis, and establishing theories, to get to conclusion<br />
  3. 3. so… What is Human Science?<br />Definition<br /> - the study and interpretation of<br /> the experiences, activities, constructs, and artifacts associated with human beings<br />- attempts to expand and enlighten<br /> the human being's knowledge of his or her existence<br />
  4. 4. Four key aspects applied to the study of Human Science<br />Observation<br />Measurement<br />Experiments<br />Laws<br />…What is the problem?<br />
  5. 5. Observation<br />We cannot directly observe other people’s mind<br />Questionnaires may be misleading or biased<br />(= loaded questions)<br />Observing people may affect the way<br /> they behave (= observer effect)<br />
  6. 6. Measurement<br />Social phenomena are difficult to measure<br />e.x.) “How many thoughts have you had today?”<br /> Impossible to answer this because<br /> there is no way to measure thoughts.’<br />
  7. 7. Experiments<br />Human sciences study complex social situations in which it is difficult to run controlled experiments<br />Various moral considerations limit our willingness to experiment<br />
  8. 8. Laws<br />Human sciences are not very good at<br /> predicting things<br />Human sciences usually uncover trends rather than laws<br />Science laws are probabilistic in nature<br />
  9. 9. Conclusion<br />They are neither as flawed as their critics believe nor as successful as their defenders hope.<br />Human sciences seem to lack the explanatory power of the natural science<br />Since we typically explain human behavior in terms of its meaning and purpose, we may never be able to reduce the human sciences to<br /> natural science.<br />
  10. 10. Work Cited<br />“Natural science and Pseudo science” – ppt from Nanase/ Manaka<br />“Theory of Knowledge” – van de Lagemaat<br />Filippo, David San. "What Is Human Science?" Lutz-San Filippo - Home. 20 Feb. 1991. Web. 11 Nov. 2010.<br />Bekoff, Marc, and Gay Bradshaw. "Integrating Natural and Human Sciences." Animal Liberty. Web. 11 Nov. 2010.<br />

×