Moral Principles

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Moral Principles

  1. 1. Megan Fernandes<br />Moral Principles<br />
  2. 2. Moral principles are beliefs that are commonly agreed on and considered to be morally correct<br />Moral principles form the basis for how we reach value judgments<br />Justifying and supporting value judgments is how people are expected to morally reason <br />
  3. 3. When we take an action and then appeal to a moral principle, we are trying to show how that action falls under that principle<br />Comparing fact with principle allows you to make a value judgment regarding the action<br />Example <br />Moral principle: Lying is wrong.<br />Fact: Peter lied to his mother. <br />Value judgment: What Peter did was wrong. <br />
  4. 4. When we argue about ethical questions, we look at two things<br />Consistency<br />If Peter was wrong to lie to his mother, it must be wrong for Janet and Seth to lie too.<br />Impartiality: If Peter, Janet, and Seth all lie to their mother, their punishment should all be the same. <br />Facts<br />Sometimes arguments revolve around factual evidence and not a difference in values<br />If all the facts are agreed upon, different value judgments can still be made based on differences of opinion<br />
  5. 5. This model is effective if everyone shares the same moral principles<br />But what if people’s moral principles are different?<br />How, if at all, can you convince someone that they are wrong?<br />Are you right in trying to do so?<br />Perhaps our values have no ultimate justification. <br />
  6. 6. Modern Example: North Korea<br />Obviously, the issue of North Korea is much deeper than right/wrong, but this is to illustrate the model<br />Moral principles <br />Locals believe in “juche”: self reliance.<br />Some foreigners believe in helping others.<br />Facts<br />People are starving and in intense poverty.<br />Daily total energy consumption is less than ½ that of a medium-sized South Korean town. <br />Main exports are weapons and drugs.<br />Country under strict dictatorship. <br />Value judgments<br />North Korea is still right in maintaining their strong traditional beliefs and rejecting globalization.<br />North Korea is wrong in denying aid from foreign countries.<br />

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