VIDEO GAMES IN THE
by: Nathan Bender
HOW THEY STARTED
In 1951, Claude Shannon created a game of chess for the
original computers. This was the first time anyone had
programmed a computer to play chess.
In 1972, Magnavox released the first take-home video game
console that you could hook up to the tv called Magnavox
It was invented by Ralph H. Baer.
In 1976, Fairchild released the Fairchild Video
Entertainment System (VES).
It contained a programmable microprocessor, which was the
foundation of many more video game systems to come.
VIDEO GAME CRASH
In 1977, everyone started to sell their video game systems
because they did not have enough money.
This led to many video game companies going out of
RCA and Fairchild abandoned video games all together.
The only companies to stay in were Atari and Magnavox.
VIDEO GAME CRASH
In 1983, companies started to release low quality and
cheaper video game systems for people that could not afford
these more expensive consoles.
Also, home computers started to flood the market and
people started to turn to them for gaming.
People started to lose interest in video game consoles, so
most companies filed for bankruptcy.
In 1985, Nintendo brought the NES (Nintendo
entertainment system) over to the United States from Japan.
Nintendo found their breakout product to be Super Mario
Bros., a game that would be known for many generations to
Nintendo’s success restarted the video game industry and
many more consoles would be introduced to compete with
In 1988, Sega released the Mega Drive/Genesis.
In 1990, Nintendo released the SNES (Super Nintendo
Other not well know consoles that were released were
TurboGrafx-16, and Neo Geo.
The first game systems in this generation were Sega’s Jaguar
and the 3DO.
Both of these game systems were much more powerful than
the SNES and the Genesis.
These consoles were not very productive.
The 3DO costed more than the SNES and Genesis combined,
while the Jaguar was very hard to program for, leading to a
shortage in games.
It was not until Playstation One, Nintendo 64, and the
Saturn were released that people started to buy gaming
The Saturn and the PlayStation did something no other
gaming consoles had ever done, they used cds instead of
Both of these systems were way cheaper than the Jaguar and
The leading consoles in this generation were Sega’s
Dreamcast, Sony’s Playstation 2, Nintendo’s Gamecube, and
Gaming consoles in this generation now started to use DVDs
instead of CDs.
These were the first video game systems to be more PC-like.
In this generation we also started to see Online gaming
becoming more popular.
Sony’s Playstation 3, Microsoft’s Xbox 360, and Nintendo’s
Wii, are the mosted advanced video game consoles on the
Nintendo’s Wii is the first video game console to use motion
sensing as a way to play video games.
The Playstation 3 and the Xbox 360 are the top competitors
in Online Gaming.
The Playstation 3, started a revolution by supporting the
Blu-ray disk formats.